Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1756 - 1791 *** Full Name: Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart would become known as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart *** Occupation: Composer *** Date of Birth: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27th 1756 *** Place of Birth: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Holy Roman Empire *** Family background: His father was Leopold Mozart and his mother was Anna Maria Pertl. His father was a teacher as well as a composer and a fourth violinist for Count Leopold Anton von Firmian who was the ruling Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg. He would later become the orchestraís deputy Kapellmeister *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with only his surviving older sister Maria Anna when his five other siblings died in infancy *** Education: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart received his education from his father ***
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 1: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27th 1756 and during the 18th century period in history when France was in the grip of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror of Maximilien Robespierre.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 2: A truly gifted child, as his father taught his older sister to play the keyboard, the young Mozart was already mimicking what she was being taught.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 3: When his turn came to be taught he was already very advanced and it would not be long before there was little for his father to pass on to his son.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 4: By the time Mozart was four years old he was already faultlessly play varies minuets his father had taught him.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 5: At the age of five years he had composed his first musical composition.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 6: As young children, Mozart and his sister travelled with their parents on various visits to Europe where they were called upon to perform.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 7: The first of these recitals began at the Court of Prince-elector Maximilian III of Bavaria while in Munich, as well as at the Imperial Court in Vienna as well as Prague.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 8: Over the next three and half years the family toured the courts of London, Paris, Munich, Mannheim, The Hague before finally returning home via Zurich, Donaueschingen and Munich.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 9: By the time Mozart was eight years of age he had written his first symphony.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 10: During the epic tour Mozart became acquainted with other composers he met including Johann Christian Bach with whom Mozart would later visit in 1764 in London.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 11: As travel was so primitive in this era between 1769 and 1771 Mozart travelled with just his father while his mother and sister remained at home.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 12: On this particular venture the pair travelled to Italy where Mozart heard Gregotio Allegriís Miserere, not once but twice performed in the Sistine Chapel. This work was closely guarded and kept in the Vatican but Mozart was able to transcribe from memory every last note thus producing what would be the first unauthorized copy.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 13: It was towards the end of the travel in Italy that he wrote the solo motet Exsultate, jubilate K. 165 which would still be performed hundreds of years later.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 14: Having finally returned home with his father Mozart found employment in the Royal Court of Prince-Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo, the ruler of Salzburg.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 15: Mozart was very popular and had many friends and admirers.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 16: He was also able to work in many genres such as sonatas, string quartets, masses symphonies, serenades as well as minor operas.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 17: By 1775 he had developed a love for violin concertos of which he wrote a series of five.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 18: Even though he was a successful artist in Salzburg it was not enough and he made a return to Paris where he felt he could be even more productive as his passion was to compose operas.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 19: Still unhappy in Salzburg Mozart moved to Vienna where he began to achieve some success. He met Constanze Weber and on August 4th 1782 the couple married. Together they had six children of which only two survived through infancy.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 20: In 1782 he became extremely enamored of the work of George Frederic Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 21: The family lived in plush surroundings and with extravagance for a time but it would be short lived.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 22: He would turn his focus to a career as a piano soloist and writer of concertos briefly until he turned his attention to collaborating with librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte. In 1786 this would produce The Marriage of Figaro which premiered in Vienna. This led to Don Giovanni in 1787 the second Mozartís most famous pieces of work.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 23: However by 1786 his public appearances were lessoning and his income began to shrink considerably. This would largely be due to Austro-Turkish War.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 24: In a bid to find work he began to travel to Leipzig, Dresden and Berlin and then to Frankfurt, Mannheim as well as other cities in Germany, but this produced little paid work.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 25: By 1791 however, he began once again to compose many works and his financial situation improved considerably. A few of his most successful pieces included in this time were The Magic Flute, the Clarinet Concerto, Ave verum corpus and finally Requiem which would remain unfinished.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 26: While attending his own premier of La clemenza di Tito on September 6th 1791 in Prague he fell ill and his health rapidly deteriorated.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fact 27: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died on December 5th 1791 at his home aged thirty five years. His body laid to rest at the St Marx Cemetery in Vienna.
Influence and Legacy: His music is still widely enjoyed and he would become known as one of the greatest classical composer.
Short Facts about Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for Kids
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