William Pitt the Younger Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1759 - 1806 *** Full Name: William Pitt the Younger *** Occupation: British Politician *** Date of Birth: William Pitt the Younger was born on May 28th 1759 *** Place of Birth: William Pitt the Younger was born in Hayes, Kent, England *** Family background: His father was William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and his mother was Hester Grenville whose brother was George Grenville a former Prime Minister. His father was also known as William Pitt the Elder and also a former Prime Minister of England *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with an older brother *** Education: William Pitt the Younger was educated at home due to poor health until he was fourteen years old when he attended Pembroke College in Cambridge where he took political philosophy, classics, mathematics, chemistry, history and trigonometry as well as learning Greek and Latin ***
William Pitt the Younger Fact 1: William Pitt the Younger was born on May 28th 1759 and during the 18th century period in history when France and America both went through revolutions and the Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 2: While at Cambridge he met William Wilberforce and the two would be become lifelong friends.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 3: Due to his delicate health and although he was more than capable of passing the exams, Pitt to advantage of a perk of being a noblemanís son in graduating without actually having to sit the examination.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 4: As a younger son, when Pitt the Elder died in 1778 Williamís old brother inherited his fatherís title and estates from their father with Pitt the Younger receiving a smaller inheritance.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 5: When he left Cambridge he attended Lincolnís Inn and in the sum of 1780 was called to the bar.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 6: In January of 1781 with the assistance of James Lowther and a by-election in Appleby Pitt was sent to the House of Commons.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 7: Although at University he was known to be a sociable sole with those he knew but otherwise rather reclusive, when attending the Commons he made sure he was heard during debates.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 8: During the American War of Independence, as his father had before him, Pitt was in favor of making peace with the American colonies.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 9: In 1782, as Lord Northís ministry collapsed and Charles Watson-Wentworth, a Whig. Would be appointed Prime Minister but when he died unexpectedly several months later another Whig, William Petty succeeded him and his government Pitt was offered the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer, which he accepted.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 10: Under this new leadership Charles James Fox and Pitt, once allies, became rivals and although Pitt was offered the position of Prime Minister by King George III, a position he refused, thus allowing a coalition government to be formed between Fox and North, Pitt raised issues that made them uneasy such as reforms in Parliament.William Pitt the Younger Fact 17: Although Pitt resigned in 1801 over a difference of opinion with the King, by 1804 he was once again Prime Minister although his second term was not as strong as his first however with Pitt, an expert in financial matters, taking the reins once more as Chancellor of the Exchequer, he was able to increase the Royal naval by increasing the number of ships by fifty percent and the over an eight year period increased the number of sailors from fifteen thousand to over one hundred and thirty thousand.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 11: By 1783 the Fox-North coalition fell apart and this time Pitt accepted the challenge of become Great Britainís youngest Prime Minister at twenty four years of age.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 12: There were those that felt Pittís administration would not last more than six months, he even offered Fox and his allies positions within his government, although the offer did not extend to Lord North, and his efforts were refused.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 13: Pittís administration would actually last for seventeen years. Throughout this time he was supported by the King as well as the House of Lords and he was also granted the Freedom of the City of London.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 14: He would become seen by the general public as ďHonest BillyĒ a serious change from the corruption and dishonesty of the Fox-North coalition.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 15: Parliament would be dissolved in March of 1784 and a general election called in which Pittís administration was secured.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 16: Under Pittís Government the Act of Union 1800 saw Great Britain and Ireland united into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 18: Pittís health had never been robust, since childhood he had had a very poor constitution.
William Pitt the Younger Fact 19: On January 23rd 1806 William Pitt the Younger died at Bowling Green House on Putney Heath it is thought of a peptic ulceration. His body laid to rest in Westminster Abbey.
Influence & Legacy: He would become known as strong and powerful Prime Minister. Although often opposed by members of the Cabinet, he nevertheless created the role of Prime Minister as one of a coordinator and supervisor the government departments. After the financial burdens of the American Civil War he was able to initiate new changes to the tax system that saw an improvement to the countryís coffers.
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