Vincent van Gogh Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1853 - 1890 *** Full Name: Vincent Willem van Gogh *** Occupation: Dutch Post-Impressionist Painter *** Date of Birth: Vincent van Gogh was born on March 30th 1853 *** Place of Birth: Vincent van Gogh was born in Zundert, Netherlands *** Family background: His father was Theodorus van Gogh who had been a minster of the Dutch Reformed Church and his mother was Anna Cornelia Cargbentus *** Early life and childhood: Vincent van Gogh grew up with 5 siblings, his brothers Theodorus and Cor and his sisters, Elisabeth, Anna and Willemina *** Education: Vincent van Gogh attended a local village school at Zundert until he and one of his sisters was tutored in their home. Vincent van Gogh later went to Jan Provilyís boarding school, then to Willem II College *** Vincent van Gogh died on July 29, 1890.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 1: Vincent van Gogh was born on March 30th 1853 and during the 19th century period in history when many empires across the globe collapsed, the Spanish, first and second French, Holy Roman, Mughal and Chinese but the British and Russian Empires, the United States and German Empire where on the rise.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 2: Vincent van Gogh left school at his uncle found him a position with Goupil & Cie an art dealer in The Hague and when his training was complete he transferred to London.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 3: This was known to be a happy time for Vincent while he was in London, he was happy and successful in his work and at just twenty years of age was earning more money than his father. Vincent van Gogh did fall in love, with the daughter of his landlady, but when he professed his love for her she had to turn him down because she was already engaged.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 4: After this incident he became a little withdrawn and his father and uncle arranged for his transfer to Paris. His view of the art world became soured as Vincent van Gogh saw that art was just a commodity where he felt it should be something more. In April of 1876 the firm fired him.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 5: Vincent van Gogh returned to England and took a job in Ramsgate as an unpaid supply teacher in a boarding school.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 6: The proprietor of the school relocated to Middlesex and Van Gogh moved as well. This job was short lived and they parted ways.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 7: Vincent van Gogh then decided he wished to become a Methodist ministerís assistant but by Christmas he had return to his home and took work in a bookshop for six months in Dordrecht.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 8: By 1877 his family had agreed to send him to Amsterdam to study theology. He stayed with another uncle, Jan Van Gogh who was a naval Vice Admiral. He took the examinations and failed.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 9: In 1881 his parents moved to the Etten countryside and he went with them. He would continue to draw, inevitably using his neighbors as subject material for his work.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 10: After a failed attempt to marry his widowed cousin, a rejection he felt keenly, in 1882 he returned to The Hague.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 11: Once settled, Vincent van Gogh visited Anton Mauve, his cousin-in-law who was a member of the Hague School and a realist painter. It was through his cousin that he was introduced to both watercolor and oil painting and with money borrowed he set up his own studio.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 12: The cousins fell out. Van Gogh later surmised perhaps because Van Gogh had moved in with an alcoholic prostitute who was pregnant and had a daughter of five year. Unhappy with his sonís choices, Van Goghís father pressured him to leave the woman. After a year he did so.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 13: Unable to settle and feeling very alone Vincent van Gogh moved back to his parentís home at time which was in Nuenen, North Brabant.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 14: Vincent van Gogh decided at that point to completely devote his time and attention to drawing only. He paid the local boys to bring him birds nest so he could practice his painting.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 15: In 1885 on March 26th his father died and left him devastated at the loss.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 16: That same year Vincent van Gogh experienced real interest in his work and in the spring of that year he completed The Potato Eaters, considered to be his first real major piece of work.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 17: Vincent van Gogh painted largely in earthy shades in particular dark brown and he would largely stick to muted shades.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 18: In 1886 Vincent van Gogh headed for Paris and studied at the studio of Fernand Cormon. While in Paris he came upon the work of Adolphe Joseph Thomas Monticelli and so admired the lighter coloration of his work he changed his own palette to include brighter shades.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 19: By 1888 Vincent van Gogh moved again, this time to Arles, seeking respite from a smokerís cough and the effects of drinking too much alcohol.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 20: Vincent van Gogh successful persuaded Gauguin to visit and later to remain with Van Gogh and they began to paint together in Arles. Gauguinís character however would see the pair part ways, he was domineering and arrogant and often this led to arguments between the two.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 21: It was during this time that it appears Van Gogh suffered some form of breakdown. The exact details are unknown, but what is known is that he himself cut off his left ear. He wrapped his ear in paper and his head in a bandage and took his ear to a local brothel frequently visited by Gauguin apparently.Vincent van Gogh Fact 22: Vincent van Gogh returned to his home where he collapsed and was found by the police the following day and taken to the hospital. Shortly thereafter he was sectioned. In 1889 at his own request, he was transferred to a former monastery in Saint-Remy. His health continued to be contrary, some days were good, others not so much
Vincent van Gogh Fact 23: Vincent van Gogh left the clinic in Saint-Remy in 1890 and moved to Auvers-sur-Oise to be neared his brother Theo and his physician. All throughout his illness he continued to paint but when times were very tough he would no longer write.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 24: The exact events leading up to his death are uncertain, but he died following a bullet wound in his chest. It is said he shot himself, but did not die immediately. He managed to walk back to his lodging house where he was attended to, but the bullet could not be removed. It is thought an infection took hold and that was the cause of his death. Vincent van Gogh died on July 29, 1890.
Vincent van Gogh Fact 25: Although he made very little money on his work during his lifetime, since his death his work as become hugely sought after and commands some of the most expensive of any artwork ever created.
Influence and Legacy: His most famous paintings are The Starry Night (1889), Irises (1889), Cafe Terrace at Night (1888) and the The Potato Eaters (1885)
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