Vespasian Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 9 -79 *** Full Name: Titus Falvius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus *** Nickname: Mulio *** Occupation: Roman Emperor *** Date of Birth: Vespasian was born on July 1st 9 AD *** Place of Birth: Vespasian was born in Falacrinae, Italy *** Family background: His father was Titus Flavius Sabinus who had been a Roman knight, a customs official and would become a money lender and his mother was Vespasia Polla, together they had three children, their first child, a little girl, died as an infant and their eldest son and went unto public life *** Early life and childhood: Vespasian grew up with his family *** Education: Vespasian as befitted his station ***
Vespasian Fact 1: Vespasian was born on July 1, 9 AD and during the 1st Century AD period in history when the Near East, North Africa and Europe increasingly became dominated by the Roman Empire.
Vespasian Fact 2: Although his father was of lowly birth his choice of wife lifted his status.
Vespasian Fact 3: Only after his mother continued to pester him did Vespasian consider a career in public office and followed his brother.
Vespasian Fact 4: Vespasian married Domitilla, who was the daughter of Flavius Liberalis of Ferentium and together they had two sons, Titus Flavius Vespasianus and Titus Flavius Domitianus and a daughter called Domitilla.
Vespasian Fact 5: Having decided to enter public service, it was required that one serve in two particular periods of attendance in minor magistracies, one public the other military.
Vespasian Fact 6: The military posting he completed by serving for three years in Thrace and upon his return Vespasian secured a position in the minor magistracies, vigintivirate.
Vespasian Fact 7: Due to his lack of breeding, once he was electable as quaestor he was chosen for a minor position rather than with anyone of importance in Rome and was sent to Crete.
Vespasian Fact 8: Although Vespasian was unsuccessful in gaining his first praetorship, again because of his lack of connections, the second time he was more successful and became an aedile which made him responsible for the maintenance of public buildings, in 38 AD and was successfully appointed to praetorship the following year.
Vespasian Fact 9: In 41 AD Claudius was proclaimed emperor and Vespasian was selected as legate of Legio II Augustus which was located in Germania.
Vespasian Fact 10: Vespasian would take part in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 AD and proved himself under Aulus Plautius who had overall command. He took part in battles on the Thames and Medway rivers and was sent south westward which took him through the counties of Hampshire, Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset, Devon and Cornwall with his objective being to secure the lead and silver mines of Somerset, the tin mines of Cornwall and the coastal ports and harbors.
Vespasian Fact 11: He would also invade the Isle of Wight known as Vectis. During this period of time Vespasian became injured and not until he arrived in Egypt was he fully recovered. Upon his return to Rome his greeted with triumphal regalia.Vespasian Fact 17: Upon his return he visited Greece as part of Nero’s entourage he sadly fell out of favor with the Emperor as he fell caught napping during a recital of Nero's.
Vespasian Fact 12: Due to his successful time as the legate he had earned his place as a consulship by 51 AD at which point he decided to retire from public arenay.
Vespasian Fact 13: By 63 AD he came out of retirement and was sent to Africa Province as governor.
Vespasian Fact 14: While he was in Africa he cultivated friendships unlike other governors who tended to take the opportunity to refill their coffers.
Vespasian Fact 15: As a result of not taking financial liberties with his post he did suffer some financial difficulties and so had to re-mortgage his homes and he did this to his brother.
Vespasian Fact 16: In order to make himself lucrative again Vespasian began to trade in mules.
Vespasian Fact 18: His next appointment would be in Judea where he was instructed to suppress a Jewish revolt that was taking place there.
Vespasian Fact 19: With Nero's death in 68 AD the Empire spiraled into Civil War as well as three successive emperors, Galba, Otho and Vitellius. Galba was murdered by Otho’s supporters who in turn were conquered by Vitellius. At the demise of Galba his supporters turned to Vespasian and wanted him for their emperor.
Vespasian Fact 20: Under these circumstances Vespasian found numerous omens, portents and oracles supporting the belief that he should rule the empire.
Vespasian Fact 21: Once the civil unrest had been calmed and Vitellius removed as emperor, between 69 AD and 79 AD Vespasian ruled as Emperor of Rome and began the task of rebuilding Rome after the civil wars.
Vespasian Fact 22: By 79 AD Vespasian had served Rome as her Emperor for ten years. While away from the capital he began to suffer a bout of diarrhea and returned home immediately. Once there the ailment brought him very low and caused him to nearly faint and which he cried “An emperor ought to die standing upright.” While being assisted to his feet on June 23rd 79 AD aged sixty nine years Vespasian died in the hands of those trying to help him.
Influence and Legacy: Vespasian was proclaimed “the greatest genius of mankind” and “the leader and teacher of the peoples of the whole world”.
Short Facts about Vespasian for Kids
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