Ulysses S. Grant Fact File Biography: Ulysses S. Grant Lifespan: 1822 - 1885 *** Full Name: Hiram Ulysses Grant *** Nickname: Sam and Uncle Sam *** Occupation: American Soldier, Politician and 18th President of the United States *** Date of Birth: Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27th 1822 *** Place of Birth: Ulysses S. Grant was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio, U.S. *** Early life and childhood: Ulysses S. Grant grew up with five siblings, Simpson, Clara, Orvil, Jennie and Mary. The family moved from Point Pleasant to Georgetown *** Education: Ulysses S. Grant attended public schools but would later be enrolled at a private school *** Death: Ulysses S. Grant died on July 23, 1885.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 1: Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27, 1822. Family background: His father was Jesse Root Grant and his mother was Hannah Simpson. His father had been a tanner although his forefathers had been military men with service in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution at Bunker Hill
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 2: At seventeen years of age Ulysses S. Grant was nominated to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point and although he became an expert horseman ones assignment was chosen on class not aptitude so he was given the rank of brevet second lieutenant and assigned regimental quartermaster.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 3: His plan had been to complete his four year term of duty, resign his commission and take a position as a teacher.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 4: Although he had earlier decided not to remain in the army once his duty was complete, being in the middle of a time of conflict when his mandatory service was complete he remained in service.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 5: Ulysses S. Grant married Julia Dent, a classmate from West Point’s sister in 1848 and together they would have four children, Frederick, Ulysses Jr, Ellen and Jesse.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 6: Having remained in service, Ulysses S. Grant was assigned to California and with Julia very heavily pregnant she was unable to accompany him. This would have a terrible effect on Grant, to the extent that while he was not on duty he was drinking very heavily. It would come to the attention of his superior officer and he was given the opportunity to resign at which time he was able to return to his family in St Louis.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 7: Unqualified for any particular career in civilian life, Grant’s father offered him work which would involve a further separation from his wife and so he declined.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 8: He tried his hand at farming but found no natural ability there. He found work with Julia’s cousin in bill collecting but again was not successful. His father once again offered him work in the family tanning business with no strings attached and he accepted, moving his family to Galena.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 9: During his time in Galena, Ulysses S. Grant was taking more notice of political views and developing his own although he would be unable to vote as he lacked the required residential time.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 10: As the Civil War began, with a military past, Grant was asked to step up and organize recruiting a company of volunteers and it was around time that he began to realize this war would be fought with volunteers and not career soldiers.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 11: Ulysses S. Grant went on to take part in a very long and difficult war that lasted between 1861 and 1869 and reached the rank of General of the Army.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 12: General Sherman, Admiral Porter, Abraham Lincoln and Grant got together to discuss Reconstruction of the South.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 13: With Lee’s troops deserting in vast numbers, between lack of supplies and disease, the Union army prevented two Confederate armies converging and finally Lee’s army surrendered, Grant offered conditions that meant the Confederate troops give up the weapons and return to their homes on the condition that they would not raise weapons against the Union again.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 14: Less than a week after victory Abraham Lincoln had invited Grant and his wife to attend the theatre with several other government officials. However, Ulysses S. Grantand his wife had to travel out of Washington to Philadelphia and so were not witness to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln when he was shot by John Wilkes Booth.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 15: Ulysses S. Grant was not happy with Lincoln’s replacement, Andrew Johnson, although he maintained an outwardly loyal persona, privately he found the man dishonest and manipulative.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 16: Grant decided to run for office during the 1868 presidential elections. He would become the youngest ever President of the United States when he was elected the eighteenth President of the United States at forty six years of age.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 17: Ulysses S. Grant pledged to continue with Reconstruction “calmly, without prejudice, hate or sectional pride”, he also pledged “proper treatment” of Native Americans as well as correcting a wrong he had been forced to perform in his duties during the Civil War against the Jewish population. He urged Congress to agree to the Fifteenth Amendment which guaranteed no state could stop someone voting based on the color of their skin.Ulysses S. Grant Fact 18: Ulysses S. Grant would create the Justice Department which was there to enforce federal laws in the South. The attorney general now had power to enforce federal law where once he was just a presidential adviser. Congress went on to pass the Enforcements Acts and also signed the Amnesty Act restoring politic rights to former Confederates.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 19: During his second term, it came to light he extent of corruption within the government. Grant was an honest man who believed all men to be honest likewise, so when he was unable to spot the corruption within his own government he decided to take steps to clean up.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 20: When his time as President was complete, Ulysses S. Grant took his family on a world tour which began in England. Once the family returned home Grant needed to earn a living and although he attempted several ventures he was encouraged to begin writing his memoirs.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 21: During his writing he had begun suffering from a sore throat be put off seeing a doctor. Eventually he was forced to and was told he had throat cancer.
Ulysses S. Grant Fact 22: Hiram Ulysses Grant died on July 23, 1885 surrounded by his family at Mount McGregor cottage days after finishing his book, aged sixty three years. His body was laid to rest initially at Riverside Park before being moved twelve years later, to the General Grant National Memorial, known as Grant's Tomb.
Influence and Legacy: Ulysses S. Grant has gone down in history as one of America’s greatest military figures. However, his term as President was at one of the county’s most difficult and transitional times and he was ill equipped to deal with it. He was by no means a terrible President, his biggest fault was trusting the wrong people and the majority of those people were in his own government. Later historians have actually come to view much of what Grant accomplished as President, in particular for the African Americans, as significant and notable.