Thomas Gainsborough Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1727 - 1788 *** Full Name: Thomas Gainsborough *** Occupation: English Portrait and Landscape Painter, Printmaker and Draughtsman *** Date of Birth: Thomas Gainsborough was born on May 14th 1727 *** Place of Birth: Thomas Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, Suffolk, England *** Family background: His father was John Gainsborough who was a weaver and made woolen goods *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his parents and family *** Education: Thomas Gainsborough certainly received educating in the art of painting *** Thomas Gainsborough died on August 2, 1788
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 1: Thomas Gainsborough was born on May 14th 1727 and during the 18th century period in history when many innovations were being made in science, medicine, technology and industry.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 2: As a child he greatly impressed his father was his fledgling painting skills, so much so, he was allowed to study in London where he would train with the engraver Hubert Gravelot.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 3: Thomas Gainsborough would also become associated with William Hogarth, he assisted Francis Hayman in decorating the supper boxes of Vauxhall Gardens and would contribute to the decorations of the Thomas Coram Foundation for Children.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 4: During 1746 he married Margaret Butt who was the illegitimate daughter of the Duke of Beaufort.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 5: With his landscape paintings not selling as he would have hoped he began to concentrate on portrait painting.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 6: By 1752 he moved his wife and two daughters to Ipswich. His commission work increased and his clientele consisted mainly of local squires and merchants.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 7: In 1759 the Gainsborough family moved once more, this time to bath. While here he studied under van Dyck and attracted a more fashionable clientele.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 8: By 1761 he had started submitting work to the Society of Arts exhibition in London and in 1769 onwards he would submit work to the Royal Academy’s annual art exhibition. He would use portraits of well-known clients in order to attract more attention.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 9: Through the exhibitions his work and his name became nationally known and he would become one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1769.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 10: During 1774 the family once more moved, this time to London and took up residence on Pall Mall.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 11: In London Thomas he again submitted paintings to the Royal Academy which included work of fashionable personages such as the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 12: Thomas Gainsborough was commissioned to paint the portraits of King George III and Queen Charlotte and would go on and receive numerous Royal commissions.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 13: The one position he wished have won was that of the Royal painter but when Allan Ramsay died the King was obliged to award the job to Joshua Reynolds who was Gainsborough’s rival.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 14: Towards the end of his life he together with Richard Wilson, they were the creators of the British Landscape School.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 15: At this point the majority of his work consisted of landscape paintings.
Thomas Gainsborough Fact 16: Thomas Gainsborough died on August 2, 1788 of cancer aged sixty one years. His body laid to rest at St Anne’s Church in Kew, London.
Influence & Legacy of Thomas Gainsborough: His legacy is the wealth of artwork he produced and the beauty that is to be enjoyed by all those around the world. He is an inspiration to many young artists across the globe. His most famous paintings are Cornard Wood, The Blue Boy and the Harvest Wagon.
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