Theodore Roosevelt Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1858 – 1919 *** Full Name: Theodore Roosevelt was also known as Teddy or TR *** Date of Birth (Birthday): Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858 *** Place of Birth: Theodore Roosevelt was born in Manhattan, New York *** Family background: His father was Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. *** Education: Theodore Roosevelt received a home education as a child, he joined Harvard College in 1876 *** Theodore Roosevelt died on January 6, 1919 ***
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 1: Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858 in Manhattan, New York, United States.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 2: Theodore Roosevelt was an American author, soldier, statesman and the 26th President of the United States. He succeeded President William McKinley following his assassination on September 14, 1901 in New York.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 3: He came from a wealthy family and was named after his father, Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. who was a glass businessman and philanthropist. His mother was a socialite called Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch. He was one of four children; his siblings were called Anna, Elliott and Corinne.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 4: As a child, Theodore Roosevelt suffered from severe asthma attacks which would often occur during the night. Despite ill health, he was a bright, enthusiastic and energetic boy.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 5: He was greatly inspired by his father, Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. The following quote by Theodore Roosevelt reflects upon his relationship with his father and defines his character, "My father, Theodore Roosevelt, was the best man I ever knew. He combined strength and courage with gentleness, tenderness, and great unselfishness. He would not tolerate in us children selfishness or cruelty, idleness, cowardice, or untruthfulness."
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 6: He described himself as a 'nervous and timid' child. Theodore Roosevelt greatly admired heroic men who had the strength and determination to stand their ground and he wanted to be just like them. He began boxing lessons, in order to strengthen his body, after he was handled roughly by two boys on a camping trip.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 7: He was educated from home as a child. Theodore Roosevelt was good at many subjects including geography, at which he excelled, biology, history, German and French. He wasn't very good with classical languages or mathematics.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 8: On September 27, 1876, he joined Harvard College. He achieved good results in philosophy and science amongst other subjects, however, he still struggled with classical languages. His father passed away in 1878, Theodore Roosevelt was still studying at Harvard College. He was devastated by the death of his father who'd been a great influence upon his life.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 9: He joined Columbia Law School, he was a competent student but his interest in law was weakened by his views. Theodore Roosevelt believed that many laws were irrational. He was very interested in politics and dropped out of Columbia Law School when he was encouraged to run for public office.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 10: Theodore Roosevelt married Alice Hathaway Lee on October 27, 1880, on his 22nd birthday. The marriage lasted less than four years as sadly, Alice Hathaway Lee died on February 14, 1884 just two day after giving birth to their daughter. On the same day of her death, and in the same house, his mother also died. Theodore Roosevelt was left heartbroken. He wrote in his diary that 'the light has gone out of my life.'
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 11: Following the deaths of his wife and mother, he left his baby daughter, Alice Lee Roosevelt, in the care of his elder sister, Anna who was nicknamed Bamie. She cared for the child until the age of three when Theodore assumed custody of her. He spent most of his time at a cattle ranch in Dakotas whilst grieving for his wife and mother.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 12: The title of his first book was 'The Naval War of 1812'. The book greatly influenced the formation of the modern American Navy. It was published in 1882.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 13: Theodore Roosevelt pursued a career in politics, becoming the leader of the reform faction of Republicans in New York's state legislature. In 1886, he ran for Mayor of New York City but was unsuccessful. Under William McKinley, he became Assistant Secretary of the Navy for a period of one year.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 14: Theodore Roosevelt gained fame during the War in Cuba for showing outstanding courage. Theodore Roosevelt served with the Rough Riders and when he returned home, he became a well liked and popular war hero.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 15: Following the War in Cuba, Theodore Roosevelt was elected governor of New York in 1898 and became running mate to William McKinley two years later. He worked very hard, travelling across America, campaigning and supporting William McKinley's re-election.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 16: He became the youngest American President, at the age of 42, following the assignation of President William McKinley on September 14, 1901. He became the 26th President of the United States.Theodore Roosevelt Fact 17: During his presidency of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt took care of foreign policies, focusing his efforts on Central America. He recognized that a passageway was required between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and he began the construction of the Panama Canal which provided the much needed shortcut between the two oceans.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 18: As President, Theodore Roosevelt also took care of domestic policies in an attempt to ensure that American citizens were treated with fairness. He prioritized conservation matters, authorizing new forests and national parks.
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 19: Theodore Roosevelt was awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 following his efforts to bring the Russo-Japanese War to an end. He successfully mediated the war through achieving a Gentleman's Agreement on immigration with Japan. He ordered the Navy battle fleet (The Great White Fleet) to complete a circumnavigation of the globe..
Theodore Roosevelt Fact 20: He was shot in the chest whilst campaigning in Milwaukee, he survived the attack and during a speech, he once quoted, 'Ladies and gentlemen, I don't know whether you fully understand that I have just been shot, but it takes more than that to kill a Bull Moose.' He died on January 6, 1919 following breathing problems caused by a blood clot. He was buried at Youngs Memorial Cemetery in New York, United States.
Influence & Legacy of Theodore Roosevelt: Theodore Roosevelt became the 26th President of the United States, and the youngest President in the history of America, at the age of 42 years, on September 14, 1901. He took over the position following the death of President William McKinley.
Short Facts about Theodore Roosevelt for Kids
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