Salvador Dali Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1904 – 1989 *** Full Name: Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, Marques de Dali de Pubol *** Occupation: Spanish Surrealist Painter *** Date of Birth: Salvador Dali was born on May 11th 1904 *** Place of Birth: Salvador Dali was born in Figueres, on the French border in Catalonia, Spain *** Family background: His father was Salvador Dali i Cusi was a notary and lawyer and his mother was Felipa Domenech Ferres. Dali had a younger brother, born in 1901, also called Salvador but who had died nine months before he was born of gastroenteritis and a younger sister Anna Maria *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with a very strict father but his mother was less disciplined *** Education: Salvador Dali was educated as befitted his station and would also attend a school of drawing ***
Salvador Dali Fact 1: Salvador Dali was born on May 11th 1904 and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
Salvador Dali Fact 2: As a young boy of five years, his parents took him to the grave of his older brother and told their young son that he was the reincarnation of his brother, a theory would come to believe in. He later said of his brother "... we resembled each other like two drops of water, but we had different reflections."
Salvador Dali Fact 3: He attended the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1922 and moved into the Student’s Residence in Madrid.
Salvador Dali Fact 4: While residing in the student residence he made friends with Luis Bunuel, Federico Garcia and Pepin Bello.
Salvador Dali Fact 5: His first forays into painting came in the form of Cubism and garnered him some attention.
Salvador Dali Fact 6: Classically he was influenced by Bronzino, Francisco de Zurbana, Vermeer, Valazquez and Raphael.
Salvador Dali Fact 7: In 1926 on his first visit to Paris he was introduced to Pablo Picasso who in turn had himself heard of Dali.
Salvador Dali Fact 8: His styles ranged from the avant-garde to the classical and his skill as a painter was first seen in the his realistic portrayal of The Basket of Bread he painted in 1926.
Salvador Dali Fact 9: It was also around this time period that he grew a moustache, a rather flamboyant affair that would become synonymous with Dali making him instantly recognizable.
Salvador Dali Fact 10: It was during 1929 that he met Elena Ivanovna Diakonova otherwise known as Gala, who would become his lifelong and primary muse.
Salvador Dali Fact 11: It was in 1931 that he produced his most famous piece, The Persistence of Memory.
Salvador Dali Fact 12: In 1934 Dali and Gala were married initially in a civil service but later in 1958 a Catholic ceremony.
Salvador Dali Fact 13: In that same year Dali made his first appearance with an exhibition of his work in New York and was an overnight success.
Salvador Dali Fact 14: In 1936 he made an appearance in London and was featured on the Time magazine cover.
Salvador Dali Fact 15: Also in that year he attended a film opening that had him cause quite the scene when he accused the film maker, Joseph Cornell, of stealing his idea for a film, literally accusing Cornell of stealing the idea straight from his own mind.
Salvador Dali Fact 16: As war tore across Europe Dali and Gala lived in America assisted by Aristides de Sousa Mendes, the Portuguese consul who was able to issue them visas.
Salvador Dali Fact 17: Returning to their home in Europe in 1948 Dali spent the next thirty years painting in between trips to New York and Paris with Gala.Salvador Dali Fact 18: Much later during his career Dali diversified his area of work from painting into other disciplines such as mathematics and natural science. He also worked on optical illusions, visual puns and negative space visual effects.
Salvador Dali Fact 19: In 1968 for Gala, Dali purchased a Castle in Pubol and over the ensuing years she would often retreat there, by herself, unless Dali had been given express permission to join her. His feelings of depression and estrangement would lead to his health beginning to decline.
Salvador Dali Fact 20: On June 10th 1982 Gala died leaving Dali devastated and moved to her Castle where she died and was buried.
Salvador Dali Fact 21: Thereafter his declined even more, he deliberately dehydrated himself but did manage was more piece of work, The Swallow’s Tail before he too died on January 23rd 1989 of heart failure in his home at Figueres. His body was laid to rest in a crypt underneath the Theatre and Museum in his home Figueres.
Influence and Legacy: Artists such as Noel Fielding, Jeff Koons and Damien Hurst have cited Dali as being of great influence to their own work.
List of Works by Salvador Dali: The Persistence of Memory (1931) *** Face of Mae West Which May Be Used as an Apartment, (1935) *** Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) (1936) *** Swans Reflecting Elephants (1937) *** Ballerina in a Death's Head (1939) *** Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening (1944) *** The Temptation of St. Anthony (1946) *** The Elephants (1948) *** Galatea of the Spheres (1952) *** Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus) (1954) ***