Rupert Brooke Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1887- 1915 *** Full Name: Rupert Chawner Brooke *** Nickname: *** Occupation: Poet *** Date of Birth: Rupert Brooke was born on August 3rd 1887 *** Place of Birth: Rupert Brooke was born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England *** Family background: His father was William Parker Brooke, a schoolmaster, and his mother Ruth Mary Cotterill. Rupert Brooke was the middle child of three boys *** Early life and childhood: Rupert Brooke grew up in Rugby, Warwickshire *** Education: Rupert Brooke began his education at Hillbrow School and Rugby School and later attended King's College, Cambridge, with the aid of a scholarship he’d won. ***
Rupert Brooke Fact 1: Rupert Brooke was born on August 3rd 1887 during the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century, a time that saw many changes.
Rupert Brooke Fact 2: He became very strong friends with St John Lucas in 1905 and he became somewhat of a mentor to him.
Rupert Brooke Fact 3: St John Welles Lucas-Lucas otherwise known as St John Lucas was also and English poet better known for his collections of verse.
Rupert Brooke Fact 4: Rupert Brooke would also become friends with Lytton Strachey, Maynard Keynes, G E Moore, Roger Fry and Leonard Fry all of whom were members of the future Bloomsbury Group.
Rupert Brooke Fact 5: He would also belong to a group known as the Georgian Poets and was a key member of the Dymock Poets.
Rupert Brooke Fact 6: Before the World War I Rupert Brooke travelled to New Zealand, the Pacific Islands and North America.
Rupert Brooke Fact 7: Rupert Brooke wrote travel diaries regarding his time in America and these would later be published into a book.
Rupert Brooke Fact 8: Just before World War I broke out Rupert Brooke had been convalescing in Germany from a bout of emotional depression as a result of a relationship collapse, upon returning home he was called up.
Rupert Brooke Fact 9: Rupert Brooke would be commissioned into the Royal Naval Division.Rupert Brooke Fact 17: The Expeditionary force received orders to depart immediately and so his body was laid to rest in an olive grove on the island, a spot chosen by William Browne and marked with a simple painted wooden cross with his name carved into it.
Rupert Brooke Fact 10: Rupert Brooke would become a war poet and his work was published by The Time Literary Supplement. He was even honored with a reading on Easter Sunday at St Paul’s Cathedral of his sonnet V: The Soldier.
Rupert Brooke Fact 11: Rupert Brooke came to the attention of Winston Churchill, the First Lord of the Admiralty, by way of an introduction made by Edward Marsh a friend of his.
Rupert Brooke Fact 12: He would be commissioned as a temporary Sub-Lieutenant into the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve just after his twenty seventh birthday and together with the Royal Naval Division’s he took part in the Antwerp expedition of October 1914.
Rupert Brooke Fact 13: His next posting would be to sail with the British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in February of 1915 heading for Gallipoli.
Rupert Brooke Fact 14: During this campaign he was bitten by a mosquito. This bite became infected, he developed sepsis.
Rupert Brooke Fact 15: Rupert Brooke was transferred to a French hospital ship in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Skyros, one of the many Greek islands.
Rupert Brooke Fact 16: Rupert Brooke died on April 23rd 1915 at 4.46pm. He was twenty seven years of age. With him was William Denis Browne, his close friend, who wrote “I sat with Rupert. At 4 o'clock he became weaker, and at 4.46 he died, with the sun shining all round his cabin, and the cool sea-breeze blowing through the door and the shaded windows. No one could have wished for a quieter or a calmer end than in that lovely bay, shielded by the mountains and fragrant with sage and thyme.”
Rupert Brooke Fact 18: After the war a more permanent memorial took the place of the simple cross which was returned to his family and finally placed with similar memorials of old Rugbeians that had also perished during World War 1 at Rugby School.
Influence & Legacy: Jill Dawson wrote a novel 'The Great Lover' in 2009 based on the life of Rupert Brooke, it is a mixture of fact and fiction. His work is commonly used in period dramas, film, theatre productions and television programs, for example during an episode of MASH they featured one of his poems. His poetry was published after his death and has been enjoyed for decades. There are books about his life, his poems that leave you with a feeling of calmness and a longing for an England passed, but not forgotten.
Important Events of the 20th century and during the life of Rupert Brooke include: The Second Boer War ends, Revolution in Russia, massive earthquake in San Francisco, America and the Fort Motor Company develops the Model T.
List of Famous Works by Rupert Brooke:
*** A Channel Passage *** Beauty and Beauty *** Blue Evening *** Clouds *** Dawn *** Day and Night *** Desertion *** Dust *** Heaven *** Home *** One Day *** Peace (I) *** Safety (II) *** The Dead (III) *** The Dead (VI) *** The Soldier (V) ***