Richard Nixon Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1913 - 1994 *** Full Name: Richard Milhous Nixon *** Nickname: Tricky Dick *** Occupation: American Lawyer, Politician and 37th President of the United States *** Date of Birth: Richard Nixon was born on January 9th 1913 *** Place of Birth: Richard Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California, U.S. *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with four brothers, Harold, Donald, Arthur and Edward. The family was poor but moving to California his father opened a gas station and grocery store *** Education: Richard Nixon attended East Whittier Elementary School and then on to Fullerton Union High School however he transferred to Whittier High School in his junior year and graduated from there *** Death: Richard Nixon died on April 22, 1994
Richard Nixon Fact 1: Richard Nixon was born on January 9th 1913 and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the Vietnam War and the Cold War. Family background: His father was Francis A. Nixon and his mother was Hannah Milhous. His father had been raised a Methodist but when he married his mother, who was of the Quaker faith, his father converted. Richard Nixon would be raised as an evangelical Quaker
Richard Nixon Fact 2: Although Richard Nixon was given the opportunity for a tuition grant to attend Harvard university, his brother’s continued poor health meant his mother needed to remain at home to care for him and so Richard was needed to assist with the store. Instead he attended Whittier College and was funded with a small inheritance from his maternal grandfather.
Richard Nixon Fact 3: By 1934, in receipt of a full scholarship he was able to attend Duke University School of Law graduating third in his class in 1937.
Richard Nixon Fact 4: Having applied to join the Federal Bureau of Investigation he never received a reply and so instead was admitted to the bar in 1937. He would later discover that he had in fact been success in his application to the FBI only due to budget cuts he had lost out at the last minute.
Richard Nixon Fact 5: In 1938 the young Richard Nixon met Thelma “Pat” Ryan and asked her many times to go out on a date before she finally accepted. Likewise he asked her on several occasions to marry him before she accepted. On June 21st 1940 they finally married and together they had two daughters, Tricia and Julie.
Richard Nixon Fact 6: In early 1942 having moved to Washington D.C. he took up his post at the Office of Price Administration. After four months he applied and was accepted into the United States Navy although having been raised a Quaker he was entitled to apply for exemption.
Richard Nixon Fact 7: For his service to his country Richard Nixon received the following awards: The Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with one 5/16" gold star, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two 3/16" bronze campaign stars, the World War II Victory Medal, and the Armed Forces Reserve Medal with silver Hourglass device.
Richard Nixon Fact 8: In 1946 Nixon returned to Whittier after he had been approached to become a congressman and he agreed.
Richard Nixon Fact 9: By 1948 he made national news when as a member of the House Un-American Activities Committee when his investigation into the Alger Hiss spy case was broken wide open.
Richard Nixon Fact 10: By 1949 Richard Nixon decided to run for the United States Senate and won. While a member of the Senate he took a very strong stance against global communism.
Richard Nixon Fact 11: During the 1952 presidential elections General Dwight D. Eisenhower finally decided on Richard Nixon as his running mate not least because as Senator of California his potential for votes was huge.
Richard Nixon Fact 12: The press reported that Nixon had a political fund, although not illegal, they claimed it left Nixon vulnerable to conflict of interest. It was at this time that Nixon gave what would become to be known as the Checkers speech.
Richard Nixon Fact 13: Richard Nixon went on live television, in front of the biggest audience up to that point of sixty million viewers and addressed the nation. He told them that he had not done anything illegal, he gave no special favors and the only gift he had received that he kept was a small cocker spaniel puppy that his six year old daughter Tricia had named Checkers.
Richard Nixon Fact 14: Once in office as President Eisenhower’s Vice President, Richard Nixon was given more responsibility than any previous VP before him. He attended National Security Council and Cabinet meetings evening chairing the meetings in Eisenhower’s absence.
Richard Nixon Fact 15: He earned himself the title of “the first modern vice president” and when the next election came around he was Eisenhower’s running mate and again they won the election.
Richard Nixon Fact 16: Although during the next election he ran against Kennedy, Kennedy won by a small margin and Richard Nixon took his family home to California. After Kennedy’s assignation he still felt the time was not right to run for office believing, correctly, that Johnson would win another term, which he did.
Richard Nixon Fact 17: In 1968 Richard Nixon decided the time was right to make his bid for the presidency especially as the Vietnam War had divided the Democratic party. His decision was the right one and he won the 1968 presidential election.
Richard Nixon Fact 18: One of his biggest achievements as President was in his relations with China. He made sure where ever possible, television cameras were present to capture the moments the world wished to see. Pat Nixon also played a huge part in this visit when she toured the Beijing visiting various schools, factories, hospitals and communes with the cameras present.
Richard Nixon Fact 19: It would also be during Nixon’s term as President that American withdrew from the Vietnam War. He was also responsible for opening talks with the Soviet Union and entering into an age of “peaceful coexistence”.Richard Nixon Fact 20: By 1972 Nixon had decided to run for a second term and by November 1972 had won one of the biggest victories for the presidential election in American history.
Richard Nixon Fact 21: His second term however would not be as fruitful as his first. The scandal that would become Watergate erupted and this would have a devastating effect on Nixon’s presidency. He would however insist he had done nothing wrong but unfortunately tapes in his position would ultimately prove that he had been made aware of certain activities he previously denied although he still maintained he had done nothing wrong.
Richard Nixon Fact 22: Richard Nixon resigned from the office of the President of the United States on August 9th 1874 and so avoided being impeached.
Richard Nixon Fact 23: Although not directly involved in politics after his retirement, he continue to give speeches and began writing his memoirs.
Richard Nixon Fact 24: Richard Nixon died on April 22, 1994 having suffered a severe stroke, aged eighty one years. His body laid to rest next to his beloved wife Pat at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in Yorba Linda, California.
Influence & Legacy: Unfortunately, as in most cases, all of a person’s good deeds are overlooked when they make a mistake. After Ford presented Nixon with a “full, free and absolute pardon” Nixon made the following statement “I was wrong in not acting more decisively and more forthrightly in dealing with Watergate, particularly when it reached the stage of judicial proceedings and grew from a political scandal into a national tragedy. No words can describe the depth of my regret and pain at the anguish my mistakes over Watergate have caused the nation and the presidency, a nation I so deeply love, and an institution I so greatly respect.”