Queen Elizabeth I Facts and Biography

Queen Elizabeth I of England

Queen Elizabeth I Biography Summary: Queen Elizabeth I (1533 - 1603) was famous for being the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty, the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She had a difficult early life, losing her mother when she was just three years old, branded illegitimate and imprisoned in the Tower of London by her sister Queen Mary I . She lost her mother most brutally at the hands of her father, all for the chance to have a male heir. Nothing, nor no one, was going to stand in the way of King Henry VIII of England and it didn’t. Queen Elizabeth I learnt to be resilient from a young age. By the time Queen Elizabeth I finally ascended the throne of England at twenty two years of age, she was aware of the power exerted by men. She constantly rejected offers of marriage and shouldered her responsibilities well in what was a man's world.

She never married and thus Queen Elizabeth I was called the "Virgin Queen". Despite concerns that a woman could never rule England alone, Queen Elizabeth I became one of the most successful rulers in English history and her era was referred to as the Elizabethan age.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact Sheet: Who was Queen Elizabeth 1? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Queen Elizabeth I.


Facts about Queen Elizabeth I


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Queen Victoria Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1533 - 1603 *** Full Name: Queen Elizabeth I *** Nickname: The Virgin Queen, Gloriana and Good Queen Bess *** Occupation: Queen of England and Ireland *** Date of Birth: Queen Elizabeth I was born on September 7th 1533 *** Place of Birth: Queen Elizabeth I was born at Greenwich Palace, Greenwich, England *** Family background: Her father was King Henry VIII and her mother was Anne Boleyn, her grandmothers were Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard *** Early life and childhood: She grew up with a succession of governesses including Margaret Bryant, Blanche Herbert and Kat Ashley. She had an older sister Mary and a younger brother Edward. Elizabeth and her sister would be proclaimed illegitimate to suit their father’s wishes but would eventually be reinstated as heirs to the throne. *** Education: Queen Elizabeth I had quite a number of tutors as she grew up, learning languages such as French, Flemish, Italian and Spanish. She would also learn Latin and Greek. She would prove to be an avid learner and would become one of the most highly educated females of her time. By the time her education was complete in 1550 she would become one of the most well educated women of her time ***

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 1: Queen Elizabeth I was born on September 7th 1533 and during the 16th century period in history when Portugal and Spain were exploring the oceans of the world and colonizing new lands.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 2: At the tender age of two years and eight months her mother Anne Boleyn  would be executed. Early life and childhood: She grew up with a succession of governesses including Margaret Bryant, Blanche Herbert and Kat Ashley. She had an older sister Mary and a younger brother Edward. Elizabeth and her sister Mary would be proclaimed illegitimate to suit their father’s wishes but would eventually be reinstated as heirs to the throne

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 3: Queen Elizabeth I had an older sister Mary and a younger brother Edward. Elizabeth and her sister Mary would be proclaimed illegitimate to suit their father’s wishes when his son Edward was born but would eventually be reinstated as heirs to the throne. As a result of the Third Succession Act Mary and Elizabeth would both be eligible to inherit the throne.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 4: At Mary’s death Elizabeth was proclaimed Queen on November 17th, 1558 at the age of twenty-five. She was to become known as Good Queen Bess and The Virgin Queen.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 5: Queen Elizabeth I loved flattery and enjoyed the attentions of her male courtiers. She never intended to become submissive to any man, never married and never had children

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 6: For many years she wished to marry Robert Dudley but there was huge disapproval from the conservative peers and she remained unmarried and without issue.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 7: One of the first big tasks Queen Elizabeth I set about tackling was the church settlement.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 8: Although Queen Elizabeth I was a Protestant she allowed her Catholic subjects to keep their faith. Making sure to keep both faiths in harmony she settled on the Protestant settlement of King Edward VI which made the monarch its head, but had priestly vestments as the Catholic element.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 9: Queen Elizabeth I faced some tough decisions in her early reign. The first being of her marriage. Not opposed to the constitution, her biggest problem was finding some suitable who would not expect to be rule over her and her kingdom. This would prove to be far more difficult than her courtiers and advisors had anticipated, particularly in a time when women were seen as being far less superior to their male counterparts.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 10: Two of her earlier suitors were King Eric XIV of Sweden and the Archduke Charles of Austria but nothing would come of their proposals of marriage.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 11: Parliament tried to persuade Queen Elizabeth I to either marry or name a successor to prevent a Civil War once she died. She would do neither knowing full well that as soon as she nominated an heir her position would become very precarious indeed, her life was already constantly under threat from Catholic plots.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 12: Eventually by 1599 Queen Elizabeth I would consider herself married to her kingdom and those of her subjects.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 13: Another of the major burdens she bore was that of the threat to her throne posed by Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots. Many considered her to be an heir to the English crown as the two women were related as cousins on Elizabeth’s paternal side. Many Catholics supported Mary, Queen of Scots in preference to the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 14: Between the Ridolfi Plot and the Babington Plot, Sir Francis Walsingham, the Queen’s Spymaster gathered much evidence to hold against Mary Queen of Scots and forced Elizabeth to recognize her a threat to her throne and to have her imprisoned and tried for treason for which she would be found guilty. Queen Elizabeth I was distraught when the rival queen was beheaded without her permission.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 15: Although Elizabeth signed Mary’s Death Warrant, she had not given express permission for it to be carried out. That fell to Francis Walsingham, who, unbeknownst to the Queen, authorized the execution. Mary was executed, by beheading, on February 8, 1587.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 16: The Spanish were planning an invasion on British soil by picking up troops under the Duke of Parma from the Netherlands and transporting them to the English coast. England was about to be invaded by the Spanish Armada.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 17: Queen Elizabeth I, never one to shy away from her duty, presented herself to her troops at Tilbury. She proceeded to make a speech “My loving people, we have been persuaded by some that are careful of our safety, to take heed how we commit ourself to armed multitudes for fear of treachery; but I assure you, I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people… I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble women, but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a King of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any Prince of Europe should date to invade the borders of my realm.”

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 18: As it turned out, with a combination of poor weather conditions, good leaders, successful tactics and the swiftness of the small English ships, the great Spanish Armada was defeated.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 19: Queen Elizabeth suffered a healthy constitution for most of her life until the autumn of 1602, when a number of her close friends died and she became quite melancholy.

Queen Elizabeth I Fact 20: In March the following year Queen Elizabeth I became sick and didn’t rally, she died in the early hours of the morning on March 24, 1603 at Richmond Palace. Her body was transported by barge to Whitehall and she was interred at Westminster Abbey on April the 28th next to her sister Mary.

Influence and Legacy: Queen Elizabeth I reigned for 44 years over England and Ireland. Her reign would see great prosperity and was dubbed the “Golden Age”. Queen Elizabeth I ruled with an iron hand and could hold her own against any man.

Short Facts about Queen Elizabeth I for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous Monarch, Queen Elizabeth I.

A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Queen Elizabeth I with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.



Learn about this famous person, Queen Elizabeth I, with concise and facts which provide answers to all of your questions in an easy timeline format for kids. Our short, interesting fact sheet about Queen Elizabeth I contains all the facts and info you need to know and more! Enjoy our fast, fact sheet for kids  which helps to make the learning process fast and easy.

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