Prince Albert Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1819 - 1861 *** Full Name: Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha *** Nickname: Bertie *** Occupation: Husband of Queen Victoria and Prince Consort *** Date of Birth: Prince Albert was born on August 26th 1819 *** Place of Birth: Prince Albert was born at Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg, Germany *** Family background: His father was Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and his mother was Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Prince Albert was baptized in to the Lutheran Evangelical Church *** Early life and childhood: Prince Albert grew up with his older brother Ernest. Their home had not been a happy one, their parents’ relationship was turbulent and they would eventually divorce which led to his mother’s exile from court *** Education: Prince Albert began his education with his brother at home and tutored by Christoph Florschutz, they then attended Brussels and later matriculated at the University of Bonn where he studied philosophy, art history, political economy and law ***
Prince Albert Fact 1: Prince Albert was born during the 19th century a turbulent time around the globe as the empires of the Holy Roman, Mughal, first and second French, Chinese and Spanish all collapsed but great strides were made in scientific discoveries and innovations.
Prince Albert Fact 2: As early as 1836, the idea of Victoria for his wife was visited. His uncle, Leopold, King of Belgium was the first to raise the issue.
Prince Albert Fact 3: Victoria’s mother, Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld was his father, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha’s sister, as well as sister to King Leopold of Belgium. Leopold made arrangements for his sister to visit him with her daughter as well as his brother’s two sons in May of 1836.
Prince Albert Fact 4: Their first meeting was mutually beneficial and Prince Albert and Victoria got along well.
Prince Albert Fact 5: Victoria became Queen at just eighteen years of age and although all around her were vying for her to marry, she would not be rushed, she had much to consider even if her heart was already taken by the dashing Prince Albert.
Prince Albert Fact 6: In 1839 Ernest and Prince Albert returned to England with the sole purpose of seeing Victoria to settle the marriage plans and on October 15th Victoria proposed marriage to him and Prince Albert accepted.
Prince Albert Fact 7: Queen Victoria fell deeply in love with the handsome Prince Albert. It was a love that would never die and in later years, after his death, the Queen would remain in mourning indefinitely.
Prince Albert Fact 8: The marriage between Queen Victoria and Prince Albert took place on February 10th 1840 at St James’ Palace in the Chapel Royal.Prince Albert Fact 15: His overall influence grew and grew and Prince Albert began assisting Victoria with her official paperwork, he was present when her ministers sought an audience and even saw them on her behalf. Charles Greville, clerk to the Privy Council once said “He is King to all intents and purposes.”
Prince Albert Fact 9: At this time, there was much anti-German feelings amongst the English and they were not over fond of Prince Albert, feeling that the Queen had married beneath her. Over the ensuring years, he would become known as HRH Prince Albert until finally Victoria formally settled him with the title of Prince Consort in June of 1857.
Prince Albert Fact 10: Within a couple of months of marriage, they were expecting their first child and although Prince Albert often felt sidelined from official duties he was now able to assist his wife in her official visits and at home with her paperwork.
Prince Albert Fact 11: On one such trip, a man named Edward Oxford attempted to assassinate the Royal couple, neither were hurt but the public’s view of Prince Albert, after this event, changed dramatically.
Prince Albert Fact 12: In 1841 after the general election when Sir Robert Peel was elected Prime Minister, Prince Albert began involving him more in public issues, he was made chairman of the Royal Commission with responsibility for redecorating the Palace of Westminster after it was destroyed by a fire.
Prince Albert Fact 13: Prince Albert would also slowly start to show his worth in the areas of modernizing the Royal family’s finances by various economies. He was able to purchase a property on the Isle of Wight, Osbourne House, which he turned into a beautiful family home for their growing household. Prince Albert would also vastly increase the revenues of the hereditary property of the Prince of Wales, the Duchy of Cornwall as well as improving the farm and estate at Windsor.
Prince Albert Fact 14: Prince Albert would become elected as the Chancellor of the University of Cambridge and used his position to modernize the curriculum to include natural sciences and modern history.
Prince Albert Fact 16: During a time when revolution was rife across Europe due to an economic crisis as the President of the Condition of the Laboring Classes he gave a speech in which he stated “sympathy and interest for that class of our community who have most of the toil and fewest of the enjoyments of this world” that it was “the duty of those who, under the blessings of the Divine Provider, enjoy station, wealth, and education” to support those souls less privileged.
Prince Albert Fact 17: By 1852 Prince Albert was able to purchase the freehold for Balmoral Castle, where they had previously leased for the use of, for family retreats.
Prince Albert Fact 18: After the demise of the Duke of Wellington, he was able to further make improvements and was appointed to several vacant offices such as mastership of Trinity House and the colonelcy of Grenadier Guards. With free reign he was able to campaign for modernizing the military forces long overdue.
Prince Albert Fact 19: As a father, Prince Albert was devoted to his children’s education as well as their welfare and treated them as equals regardless of age or gender. He often played with his children and it was said that he not only enjoyed their company but needed it.
Prince Albert Fact 20: Prince Albert began to suffer with stomach cramps in 1859 but he continued with his duties, even taking over Victoria’s duties when her mother, his aunt, the Duchess of Kent, died. All through his pain he continued to do his duty until, on December 9th 1861 Prince Albert was diagnosed with typhoid fever. He died, with his wife and five of their children present, in the Blue Room of Windsor Castle on December 14th. His remains were initially entombed at Windsor Castle in the Chapel of St George later to be moved to a permanent resting place at Frogmore Mausoleum adjoining Windsor Castle.
Influence & Legacy: His legacy is vast, Prince Albert was responsible for the purchase of land in the South Kensington area in which was established such institutions as the Natural History Museum, the Science Museum and the Imperial College London. Also you have the Victoria and Albert Museum and specifically in his honor were built the Royal Albert Hall and the Albert Memorial.
Short Facts about Prince Albert for Kids
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