Pedro Alvares Cabral Fact File Biography: Lifespan:1468 1520 *** Full Name: Pedro Alvares Cabral *** Occupation: Portuguese Nobleman, Military Commander, Navigator and Explorer *** Date of Birth: Pedro Alvares Cabral was born in 1468 the exact date of his birth is unknown *** Place of Birth: Pedro Cabral was born in Belmonte in Portugal *** Early life and childhood: He grew up as one of five boys and six girls born to his parents *** Education: Pedro Alvares Cabral was educated befitting his station, he was taught the humanities, he learnt to use weapons and was instructed in how to fight *** Pedro Cabral died in 1520
Pedro Cabral Fact 1: Pedro Cabral was born in 1468. His father was Fernao Alvares and his mother was Isabel Gouveia.
Pedro Cabral Fact 2: According to myth, it is said the Cabrals descended from Caranus, the first king of Macedonia, and according to legenda descendent of Hercules, the demi-god. The family were honored and rose to prominence in the 14th century as a result of Pedroís military commander great-great-grandfather being one of the few nobles to support and remain loyal to Dom Joao the first, the King of Portugal during the war against the King of Castile.
Pedro Cabral Fact 3: As a member of the nobility, all be it a lower ranking noble family, Pedro Cabral was sent to the court of they then king, Dom Afonso V when he was only twelve years old
Pedro Cabral Fact 4: By the age of seventeen he would be given the title of Moco Fidalgo and designated a noble in his own right by King Dom Joao II.
Pedro Cabral Fact 5: The character of Pedro Alvares Cabralís character would be described as well learned, generous, prudent and courteous, humble and tolerant with enemies but none the less, vain and overly concerned with being shown the respect he felt his title commanded.
Pedro Cabral Fact 6: On February 15, 1500, Pedro Alvares Cabral, was given the appointment of major captain, or commander in chief, of a fleet of 13 ships that was to set sail for India.
Pedro Cabral Fact 7: At this time it was Portuguese monarch that decided which nobles would be appointed to which military and naval commands.
Pedro Cabral Fact 8: At times this could prove detrimental as not all nobles were capable, experienced or competent in these roles.
Pedro Cabral Fact 9: Fortunately in the case of Pedro Alvares Cabral appointment, he was not only capable but would prove extremely competent and well chosen.
Pedro Cabral Fact 10: His accomplishments in his career surpassed any he could have wished himself.
Pedro Cabral Fact 11: Bring home much wealth in the spices, gold and slaves he was becoming quite the lucrative trader.
Pedro Cabral Fact 12: In his quest not only in seeking another trade route that would bypass the Mediterranean Sea under the control of the Italian maritime republics and the Ottoman Empire, Cabralís expeditions were also meant to spread Catholicism as far and wide as possible, in an effort to halt the moors and their Muslim beliefs.
Pedro Cabral Fact 13: Their journey proved as much tragic as successful in that on March the 23rd Casco de Ataide, together with one hundred and fifty souls, completely disappeared without a trace off of the coast of West Africa.
Pedro Cabral Fact 14: On April 21, 1500 seaweed was spotted that was believed by sailors to mean there was landfall nearby.
Pedro Cabral Fact 15: On Wednesday April 22, 1500 they made landfall. Pedro Alvares Cabral named the spot Monte Pascoal, meaning Easter Mount, as they were in the Easter period, the location is on the northeast coast of present day Brazil.
Pedro Cabral Fact 16: Two years after the discovery of Brazil, he would become involved in hostilities with Vasco da Gama and Cabral was relieved of his duties and excused from court.Pedro Cabral Fact 17: Departing from court gave Cabral opportunity to settle his personal affairs and in doing so he married Dona Isabel de Castro, a descendent of King Dom Fernando I of Portugal. They would have four children, two sons, and two daughters.
Pedro Cabral Fact 18: Cabral would later attempt to reconcile with his King, but to no avail.
Pedro Cabral Fact 19: Pedro Alvares Cabral was suffering from reoccurring boats of fever accompanied by tremors, which was thought to be malaria. His family home was located in Santarem and there he remained until his death in 1520. His remains were laid to rest in the side chapel of the convent church within Santaremís Convent de GraÁa.
Influence & Legacy of Pedro Cabral: Cabralís explorations and discoveries went largely unremembered for nearly three hundred years. It was only when Emperor Dom Pedro II in the 1840ís began to research and publish Cabralís life and expeditions that the true sense of what he accomplished came to light.
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