Paul von Rennenkampf Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1854 - 1918 *** Full Name: Paul von Rennenkampf *** Occupation: Russian General in the Imperial Russian Army *** Date of Birth: Paul von Rennenkampf was born on April 17th 1854 *** Place of Birth: Paul von Rennenkampf was born in Konuvere, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire *** Family background and early life and childhood: There is no real information regarding his family, early life or childhood *** Education: Paul von Rennenkampf would have been educated as was usual for the time ***
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 1: Paul von Rennenkampf was born on April 17th 1854 and during the 19th century period in history when many empires across the globe collapsed, the Spanish, first and second French, Holy Roman, Mughal and Chinese but the British and Russian Empires, the United States and German Empire where on the rise.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 2: He went into the Imperial Russian army when he was nineteen years old.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 3: He would attend the Junker Infantry School in Helsinki.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 4: At the beginning of his career in the military he served with the Lithuanian 5th Lancers Regiment.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 5: When he graduated from the Nikolaevsky Military Academy in St Petersburg he was top of his class in 1882.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 6: His first assignment was as a junior officer in the 14th Army Corps until 1884 when he went to the Warsaw Military District following by Kazan Military District in 1886.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 7: By 1888 he began a senior aide at the headquarters of the Don Cossacks.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 8: The following year he was made staff officer to the 2nd Army Corps and the year after that Chief of Staff at the Osowiec Fortress.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 9: Later that year he would be promoted to the rank of colonel.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 10: As chief of staff of the Transbaikalia region he was promoted in November 1899 to a major general.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 11: He was active during the Boxer Rebellion between 1900 and 1901 as commander of four infantry battalions, two horse batteries and two Cossack sotnias and he would also be responsible for capturing Kirin and Tsitsihar in Manchuria which resulted in removing any threat by the Boxer to the Chinese Eastern Railway and Harbin.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 12: Once the rebellion was put down, the Tsar offered him the command of the Imperial Guard but he declined.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 13: In 1904 he was offered the command of the 1st Independent Cavalry Brigade which he accepted and a position he held until 1904.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 14: The Russo-Japanese War broke out in February 1904 and he would be appointed to commander of the Trans-Baikal Cossack Division.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 15: By mid-1904 he was promoted to lieutenant general but in that same month received a wound in the Battle of Motien Pass receiving a gunshot wound in his thigh while he was attempting to aid Lieutenant General Fedor Keller stop the Japanese First Armyís advancement.Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 19: At the outset of World War I he was given command of the Russian First Army preparing for the East Prussian invasion, however his failure to communicate with Samsonovís Second Army would result in severe criticism from his commanders would lead to his dismissal and later imprisonment in the Peter and Paul Fortress in St Petersburg under orders of the Russian Provisional Government on accusations of mismanagement, embezzlement and criminal activities from the outset of World War I.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 16: He was not able to return to active duty until October 1904 when he commanded a cavalry of division size during the Battle of Shaho.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 17: He also took part in the Battle of Mukden in 1905 where he would called upon to replace Major General Mikhail Alekseyev as commander of the Russian left flank after several defeats and managed to bring stability to the situation.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 18: However after the Mukden Battle General Alexander Samsonov made allegations that Rennenkampf failed to give him assistance during the conflict and the two argued.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 20: He would be released and he moved to the area on the Azov Sea coast where he lived as a Greek citizen until the Bolsheviks discovered who he really was and offered him a command in the Red Army to take part in the Russian Civil War. He declined the offer for which he was promptly arrested.
Paul von Rennenkampf Fact 21: Paul von Rennenkampf was executed on April 1st 1918 on the direct orders of Vladimir Antonov-Oveyenko at Taganrog, Russian Empire aged sixty three years.
List of Awards given to Paul von Rennenkampf: Order of St George, 4th class *** Order of St George, 3rd class *** Order of St Stanislaus 3rd degree *** Order of St Anne 3rd degree *** Order of St Stanislaus 2nd degree *** Order of St Anne 2nd degree *** Order of St Vladimir, 4th degree *** Order of St Vladimir, 3rd degree *** Order of St Stanislaus 1st degree with swords *** Golden Sword of St George, with diamonds, 1906 ***
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