Pablo Escobar Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1949 - 1993 *** Full Name: Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria *** Nickname: Don Pablo, El Magico, El Padrino, El Patron, El Pablito, El Senor, El Vergiasm, Eli Zar de la Cocaina *** Occupation: Head of the Medellin Cartel *** Date of Birth: Pablo Escobar was born on December 1st 1949 *** Place of Birth: Pablo Escobar was born in Rionegro, Antioquia, Colombia *** Family background: His father was Abel e Jesus Dari Escobar who was a farmer and his mother was Hermilda Gaviria who was an elementary school teacher *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with six siblings and was the third child *** Education: Pablo Escobar attended Universidad Autonoma Latinoamericana of Medllin ***
Pablo Escobar Fact 1: Pablo Escobar was born on December 1st 1949 and during the 20th century period in history when such things as cultural homogenization through development in transportation and communications technology as well as world population growth are all major issues in this century.
Pablo Escobar Fact 2: He began his life of crime as a teenaged on the streets of his home town.
Pablo Escobar Fact 3: It would not be long before he became involved with Oscar Benel Aguirre who ran the local petty crime street scams, selling fake lottery tickets, contraband cigarettes and stealing cars.
Pablo Escobar Fact 4: By the early 1970’s Escobar was a bodyguard and thief. He had also turned to kidnapping in which he had earned himself one hundred thousand dollars by kidnapping a local executive.
Pablo Escobar Fact 5: Having had a taste of real money in his pocket his next ambition was to become a millionaire.
Pablo Escobar Fact 6: By 1975 Escobar had begun his business in cocaine, even flying himself on occasion, between Colombia and Panama.
Pablo Escobar Fact 7: Later on he purchased fifteen new and bigger planes as well as six helicopters and a Learjet. His original plane he would decommission and have it hung over the gates of the ranch he bought called Hacienda Napoles.
Pablo Escobar Fact 8: By 1976 together with several of his men, Escobar was arrested and found to have in his possession thirty nine kilos of a white paste having returned from Ecuador to Medellin.
Pablo Escobar Fact 9: Having attempted to bribe the judges and being unsuccessful he turned instead and murdered the two officers that arrested him. The case was dropped. So he found a successful way of dealing with the authorities, they wouldn’t take the bribe, have them killed.
Pablo Escobar Fact 10: The product was bought as a paste and once refined was then ready for distribution. At the time there were only a few drug barons around, no cartels and with other contraband too risky to transport he found the ideal money maker.
Pablo Escobar Fact 11: As the product became more desirable so his organization grew with more distribution outlets, routes and shipments in California, South Florida as well as other parts of the country.
Pablo Escobar Fact 12: His partner and co-founder, Carols Lehder, together developed an island in the Bahamas, Norman’s Cay where they established a transatlantic shipment base.
Pablo Escobar Fact 13: At the top of their game the Cartel was moving seventy to eighty tons of product between Colombia and the United States on a monthly basis. The shipments were largely transported via aircraft but Escobar, at one point, employed to small submarines to transport his product.
Pablo Escobar Fact 14: The Medellin Cartel would become responsible for the majority of drug shipments into the United States as well as Mexico, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic and Spain. His product was known to have entered Europe via Spain and there were rumors he had networks that even reached Asia.Pablo Escobar Fact 19: Although he agreed and his time spent incarcerated was luxurious it soon came to light that he had not ceased his operations only continued to run them from his private prison accommodation.
Pablo Escobar Fact 15: His methods of dealing with authorities would become known as “plato o plomo” which simply meant silver or lead, in other words, money or death. Many hundreds of individuals lost their lives due to Escobar including states officials, policemen and ordinary citizens.
Pablo Escobar Fact 16: During the 1980’s when his business what at its peak, it was earning upwards of sixty million dollars in one day. They would spend on thousand dollars a week on rubber bands alone to secure the bundles of cash, which were kept in a warehouse where up to ten percent of the cash had to be written off because the rats ate it.
Pablo Escobar Fact 17: He was however responsible for the building of many schools, churches and hospitals in western Colombia which would earn him much popularity in the local Roman Catholic Church.
Pablo Escobar Fact 18: With the death rates in the Colombian capital the highest in the world during the early 1990’s, largely as a result of the amount of money Escobar gave his hitmen for successfully killing police officers and they the assassination of Luis Carlos Galan who was running for the presidency of Colombia, the sitting President, Cesar Gaviria offered Escobar a reduced sentence and privileged treatment if he would surrender and stop all criminal activity.
Pablo Escobar Fact 20: When it was decided to move him to a regular prison facility he was given advance warning through his many paid contacts and was able to orchestrate his escape beforehand.
Pablo Escobar Fact 21: The U.S. put together the Joint Special Operations Command and Centra Spike to train a special Colombian police task force to hunt down Escobar. They were called the Search Bloc.
Pablo Escobar Fact 22: When they were not immediately successful a vigilante group made up of Escobar’s enemies got together, financed by his former associates and enemies, including rival cartels, became known as Los Pepes began to track down and kill Escobar’s relatives and associates as well as destroying possessions and property.
Pablo Escobar Fact 23: On December 2nd 1993 the Colombian National Police, with assistance from a Colombian electronic surveillance team located Escobar with his bodyguard, hiding in Medellin and after a gun fight both were shot dead.
Influence & Legacy: For those people that lived in Medellin, he was their modern day Robin Hood. He had helped and financially supported the poor of his hometown and they mourned his passing. His business was taken over the Cali Cartel for only a few short years before they too were captured or killed by the Colombian government.
Short Facts about Pablo Escobar for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of Pablo Escobar. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Pablo Escobar with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.