Neil Armstrong Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1930 - 2012 *** Full Name: Neil Alden Armstrong *** Occupation: American Astronaut, Aerospace Engineer, Naval Aviator, Test Pilot and University Professor *** Date of Birth: Neil Armstrong was born on August 5th 1930 *** Place of Birth: Neil Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, USA *** Family background: His father was Stephen Koenig Armstrong and his mother was Violoa Louise Engel. His family was originally of Scottish, Scottish Irish, Northern Irish and German ancestry and he had a younger brother and sister. His father was an auditor by profession and worked for the Ohio state government *** Early life and childhood: Neil Armstrong grew up around Ohio state, the family moving frequently *** Education: Neil Armstrong was educated at Blume High School ***
Neil Armstrong Fact 1: Neil Armstrong was born on August 5th 1930 during the period in history when the world would see World War I, World War II, decolonization, the Cold War and a technological explosion.
Neil Armstrong Fact 2: His introduction into aviation came when his father took him at the age of two years to the Cleveland Air Races and at five years old Neil Armstrong had his first experience of flying when he was taken for a ride in a Ford Trimotor by his father.
Neil Armstrong Fact 3: Before he had even acquired his driver’s license Neil Armstrong began to learn how to fly and earned his student flight certificate on his sixteenth birthday and in the same month he soloed for the first time.
Neil Armstrong Fact 4: Neil Armstrong enrolled at Purdue University in 1947 to study aeronautical engineering and would also be accepted into MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Neil Armstrong Fact 5: In January of 1949 he was called up to the Navy and had to report to the Naval Air Station Pensacola. Here, at eighteen years old, Neil Armstrong began his flight training with took eighteen months in which he became qualified to land on carriers USS Cabot and USS Wright.
Neil Armstrong Fact 6: The first combat situation he would be involved in would be during the Korean War. In total he flew 78 missions, totalling 121 air hours over Korea.
Neil Armstrong Fact 7: At twenty two years of age in August of 1952 he left the Navy, but Neil Armstrong staying in the reserves for eight years before resigning in October 1960.
Neil Armstrong Fact 8: After the Navy he went back to University. He graduated with 4.8 GPA, he pledged the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, became a member of Kappa Kappa Psi and in 1955 graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering.
Neil Armstrong Fact 9: Later Neil Armstrong attended the University of Southern California where he completed his Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering in 1970.
Neil Armstrong Fact 10: His next job would be as a test pilot and he applied to the Nation Advisory Committee for Aeronautics High-Speed Flight Station at Edwards Air Force Base. With no current vacant positions they forwarded his application on to Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory in Cleveland where Neil Armstrong was accepted for several months before return to Edwards Air Force Base for yet another new position.
Neil Armstrong Fact 11: His first task was to pilot the chase planes while releasing experimental aircraft from adapted bombers. Later he flew the North American X-15 and then a Lockheed T-33.
Neil Armstrong Fact 12: During 1958 Neil Armstrong was chosen for the U.S. Air Force’s Man In Space Soonest program and in November of 1960 he was also chosen as a member of the pilot consultant group for the X-20 Dyna-Soar, a space plane being developed for the military by Boeing and was also chosen as one of the seven pilot engineers picked by the U.S. Air Force when the designs were ready for building.
Neil Armstrong Fact 13: Neil Armstrong applied and was accepted for the Apollo Program and in June 1962 underwent a medical examination.
Neil Armstrong Fact 14: By September that year he was approached to join the NASA Astronaut Corps and he promptly agreed.
Neil Armstrong Fact 15: Gemini 8 would be his first trip to space as Command Pilot with David Scott as Pilot. Titan II lifted off at 10.00 EST with Armstrong and Scott aboard. They rendezvoused on schedule docking successfully with the other spacecraft.
Neil Armstrong Fact 16: The crews received training with the Lunar Landing Training Vehicles that simulated the Moon’s one-sixth of Earth’s gravity to give them a feel for what to expect.
Neil Armstrong Fact 17: Although the decisions were made beforehand, during a press conference it was announced that as Neil Armstrong was closest to the hatch it was only sensible for him to be the first out of the capsule.
Neil Armstrong Fact 18: On July 16th 1969 Apollo 11 launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida on schedule at 14.32 BST.
Neil Armstrong Fact 19: Although the landing was a little rough and not where it was originally planned as Armstrong felt the earlier landing site unsafe, he manually landed the Eagle. At 20.17 UTC on July 20th of 1969 Neil Armstrong broadcast to Mission Control “Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed.” And with that they began to ready the craft for liftoff should there be a need in case of emergency.
Neil Armstrong Fact 20: History was made on July 21st 1969 at 2.56 UTC as the cabin was depressurized, the hatch opened and both Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin began their descent. Neil Armstrong said “I’m going to step off the LEM now” and with that he set his left boot onto the moon’s surface saying “That’s one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind".
Neil Armstrong Fact 20: History was made on July 21st 1969 at 2.56 UTC as the cabin was depressurized, the hatch opened and both Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin began their descent. Neil Armstrong said “I’m going to step off the LEM now” and with that he set his left boot onto the moon’s surface saying “That’s one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.” Twenty minutes after Armstrong set foot on the moon, Buzz Aldrin joined him and they spent approximately two and a half hours on the moon.
Neil Armstrong Fact 21: After a successful launch from the moon’s surface they docked with Columbia before returning to the Earth, splashing down in the Pacific Ocean where they were picked up to the crew of the USS Hornet. After an eighteen day quarantine period they were released and began a tour of the United States.
Neil Armstrong Fact 22: Having decided to keep his feet firmly on the ground Neil Armstronge left NASA in 1971 and took up a teaching position in at the University of Cincinnati in their Department of Aerospace Engineering where he taught for eight years.
Neil Armstrong Fact 23: Neil Armstrong underwent vascular bypass surgery to relieve clocked coronary arteries in August of 2012 and although the surgery went well on August 25th 2012 Neil Alden Armstrong died of complications in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. On September the 14th 2012 Neil Armstrong’s ashes were scattered out over the Atlantic Ocean in a burial-at-sea ceremony on board the USS Philippine Sea.
Influence and Legacy: After the death of Neil Armstrong, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said “As long as there are history books, Neil Armstrong will be included in them, remembered for taking humankind’s first small step on a world beyond our own.” Neil Armstrong was known as such an unassuming man, a team player, a reluctant American hero.
Short Facts about Neil Armstrong for Kids
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