Martin Frobisher Fact File Biography:- Lifespan: 1535 (1539) – 1594 *** Full Name: Martin Frobisher was also known as Sir Martin Frobisher *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born in either 1535 or 1539 *** Place of Birth: Martin Frobisher was born in Yorkshire *** Family background: His father was a merchant called Bernard Frobisher *** Early life and childhood: Martin Frobisher grew up and spent the majority of his life in London *** Martin Frobisher died on November 15, 1594.
Martin Frobisher Fact 1: Martin Frobisher's birth date is uncertain, it is thought that he was born in either 1535 or 1539 in Altofts, Yorkshire, England.
Martin Frobisher Fact 2: He was a famous English seaman and privateer. A privateer can be defined as a pirate who is licensed and authorized by the government.
Martin Frobisher Fact 3: His father was called Bernard Frobisher and he was a merchant. He sent Martin to London where he was raised by a relative called Sir John York.
Martin Frobisher Fact 4: He attended a school in London and became interested in exploration at an early age when he was introduced to London seamen.
Martin Frobisher Fact 5: He began his first sea voyage in the 1950s. He ran into trouble when he was captured by the Portuguese and remained in captivity for some time.
Martin Frobisher Fact 6: During the 1950s, he explored the northwest coast of Africa. During 1953 and 1954, he spent much of his time in Guinea.
Martin Frobisher Fact 7: In the mid 1950s, he was licensed by the government to become a lawful pirate, officially known as a privateer. The English crown authorized him to steal goods from enemy treasure ships.
Martin Frobisher Fact 8: His main aim, like many explorers at the time, was to discover the Northwest Passage which would provide him with a sea route above Canada, North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The route would save a lot of time and provide a quicker way to Asia.
Martin Frobisher Fact 9: During the 1960s, he became well known for looting French ships in the English Channel. He was arrested on numerous occasions but was never tried.
Martin Frobisher Fact 10: He became famous for three voyages which he made to the New World. The New World can be defined as the Western Hemisphere, in particular the Americas, during times of exploration. The trips to the New World were very expensive which meant that he had to work very hard for many years to cover the expense of three ships. The director of the Muscovy Company in England agreed to license him and help raise the funds.
Martin Frobisher Fact 11: He began his first trip to the New World on June 7, 1576. The coast of Labrador in Canada came into view three weeks later on July 28, 1576. The weather conditions were too icy and windy for him to continue sailing north, therefore, he changed his planned route and sailed west instead.
Martin Frobisher Fact 12: He passed through a bay during his first trip to the New World which was located in Labrador, Canada. This bay has since been named after him, it is called Frobisher Bay.
Martin Frobisher Fact 13: After sailing west from Frobisher Bay, he reached Baffin Island. Some of his crew members were captured; his attempts to rescue them were unsuccessful.
Martin Frobisher Fact 14: He returned from his first trip to the New World with a sample of black stone which he believed contained gold. He was able to convince investors that gold mines were likely present in the New World and they agreed to fund his second sea voyage.
Martin Frobisher Fact 15: He began his second voyage to the New World the following year on May 27, 1577. He was better prepared this time, taking with him more men, ships and money. The aim of this particular voyage was to gather precious metals.
Martin Frobisher Fact 16: Martin Frobisher and his crew reached the shores of Frobisher Bay on July 17, 1577 where they searched for ore for several weeks. They discovered a metal which they believed was gold and returned to England with 200 tons it.Martin Frobisher Fact 17: The Queen of England, Elizabeth I, sent him on a third voyage to the New World on June 3, 1578. This was his largest voyage, consisting of fifteen ships and more men than the previous trips. Although they were unsuccessful at setting up a settlement at Frobisher Bay, they still managed to return to England with 1,350 tons of ore.
Martin Frobisher Fact 18: Upon their return to England, it was discovered that the ore brought back from the voyages to the New World was not gold. It was iron pyrite, sometimes known as 'Fool's Gold'. The metal was used for roads as it didn't hold the value they'd hoped. Investors were no longer willing to support Martin Frobisher's voyages.
Martin Frobisher Fact 19: He wasn't successful in finding either gold ore or the Northwest Passage during his sea voyages to the New World. He returned to the seas later when he became the vice admiral of an expedition led by Sir Francis Drake's in 1585.
Martin Frobisher Fact 20: He died on November 15, 1594 during the Siege of Fort Crozen. His death was caused by a gunshot wound which he received during a battle with Spanish Forces. He was buried on November 22, 1594 in Plymouth at St. Andrew's Church.
Influence & Legacy of Martin Frobisher:
He became a famous English privateer who made three sea voyages to the New World in an attempt to discover gold and the Northwest Passage which would provide a sea route above North America linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. He became knighted following his efforts when he fought for England against the Spanish Armada.
Short Facts about Martin Frobisher for Kids
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