Mark Twain Fact 1: The birth name of Mark Twain was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Mark Twain was the pen name by which he was better known when he later became a famous author and humorist. He received his pen name 'Mark Twain' upon on completing his steamboat pilot's license.
Mark Twain Fact 2: Mark Twain was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri in the United States to his parents, John Marshall Clemens and Jane Lampton. His father was an attorney and judge.
Mark Twain Fact 3: Mark Twain had six siblings of which he was the second youngest. Three of his siblings died during childhood. His surviving brothers and sister were called Orion, Henry and Pamela.
Mark Twain Fact 4: The much loved American Author, Mark Twain was to become most famous for writing 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer' and its sequel, 'Adventures of Huckleberry Finn'.
Mark Twain Fact 5: The setting for his famous novels of Tom Sayer and Huckleberry Finn was based in Missouri where Mark Twain moved to when he was four years old. The port town, where Mark Twain lived along the Mississippi River, inspired St. Petersberg which became the fictional town that featured in his books.
Mark Twain Fact 6: When Mark Twain was 11 years old, his father, John Marshall Clemens died from pneumonia. After leaving school the following year, having completed 5th grade, he became a printer's apprentice.
Mark Twain Fact 7: His brother, Orion, owned a newspaper called the Hannibal Journal. Mark Twain became a typesetter for the newspaper and began writing articles and drawing humorous sketches
Mark Twain Fact 8: Mark Twain left his job with the Hannibal Journal to become a printer in various cities including St Philadelphia, New York, St Louis and Cincinnati.
Mark Twain Fact 9: Mark Twain became a member of the International Typographical Union which was a United States trade union for the printing trade. He attended public libraries in the evening so that he could self-educate and widen his knowledge.
Mark Twain Fact 10: Mark Twain wrote a memoir called 'Life on the Mississippi' which gave an account of his days as a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River. His memoir provides detailed information about the river and the science of navigating it.
Mark Twain Fact 11: Mark Twain dreamt about the death of his brother, Henry, a month before it happened. After talking Henry into working with him, he was killed in 1858 when the Pennsylvania steamboat exploded. Mark Twain couldn't get over the guilt of his brother's death as he held himself responsible.
Mark Twain Fact 12: Following his vision where Mark Twain had foreseen the death of Henry, he became increasingly concerned with the paranormal. The premonition of his brother's death lead him to become one of the early members of the Society for Psychical Research.
Mark Twain Fact 13: He worked on the Mississippi River until the Civil War began in 1861. The beginning of the war resulted in the Union Army taking control of the river as it was an avenue of transport.
Mark Twain Fact 14: Following the outbreak of the American Civil War, Mark Twain joined his brother, Orion, in Nevada to work with him. Orion worked for the Nevada Territory. Together, the brothers traveled by stagecoach for over two weeks. They traveled across the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains and finished up in Virginia City in Nevada where Mark Twain became a miner.
Mark Twain Fact 15: In Nevada, his job as a miner didn't work out so Mark Twain went to work for the Territorial Enterprise which was a Virginia City newspaper. It was through this newspaper that he first used his pen name of Mark Twain by which he became so well known.
Mark Twain Fact 16: Mark Twain first became well known when he wrote a humorous tale which was published in 1865 by the New York Weekly. The tale was called 'The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County'.
Mark Twain Fact 17: He set off on his travels across Europe and the Middle East in 1867. The trip was funded by a local newspaper. During his time overseas, he wrote a collection of travel letters which were published in 1869 as 'The Innocents Abroad'.
Mark Twain Fact 18: In 1968, Yale University offered him honorary membership to its secret society known as 'Scroll and Key'. It is one of the three reputed societies at Yale University. The other societies are called 'Skull and Bones' and 'Wolf's Head Society'.Mark Twain Fact 19: Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon in New York in February, 1870. They were married for 34 years until the death of Olivia in 1904. The couple had four children; one son who died at just 19 months old, and three daughters called Susy, Clara and Jean.
Mark Twain Fact 20: Mark Twain was born two weeks following Halley's Cometís closest approach to Earth and he predicted that he would leave with it also.
The following quotation is by Mark Twain:
'I came in with Halley's Comet in 1835. It is coming again next year, and I expect to go out with it. It will be the greatest disappointment of my life if I don't go out with Halley's Comet. The Almighty has said, no doubt: 'Now here are these two unaccountable freaks; they came in together, they must go out together.'
Mark Twain died one day after Halley's Cometís closest approach to earth on April 21, 1910.
Short Facts about Mark Twain for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Mark Twain. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Mark Twain with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.