Marilyn Monroe Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1926 – 1962 *** Full Name: Norma Jeane Mortenson also known as Marilyn Monroe *** Nickname: The girl with the horizontal walk *** Occupation: American Actress *** Date of Birth: Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1st 1926 *** Place of Birth: Marilyn Monroe was born in Los Angeles County Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA *** Family background: Her mother was Gladys Pearl Monroe. Her father was unnown *** Early life and childhood: Marilyn Monroe grew up with foster parents. Her mother was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia *** Education: Marilyn Monroe attended Emerson Junior High School and Van Nuys High School *** Marilyn Monroe died on August 5,1962
Marilyn Monroe Fact 1: Marilyn Monroe was born as Norma Jeane Mortenson on June 1st 1926. Her mother, Gladys Pearl Monroe had been married previously to John Newton Baker and had two children, Robert and Berniece, who when the relationship broke down the two children went with their father back to Kentucky. Marilyn Monroeknew nothing of her older siblings for many years. Her mother’s second husband was Martin Edward Mortensen but she was only married to him for a short period of time. The name of Marilyn Monroe's father is unknown.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 2: In 1934 her mother suffered a mental breakdown. She was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and spent the rest of her life in and out of institutions, rarely having any contact with Marilyn Monroe, who by then was made a ward of state and taken in by her mother’s friend, Grave McKee Goddard Marilyn’s childhood was a complicated affair.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 3: As a child Marilyn Monroe was shunted from one home to another and suffered abuse at the hands of one of her foster father’s. That same foster father would be given a transfer from west coast to east coast and to prevent Marilyn from having to re-enter the orphanage system the concocted a plan whereby she married the son of their neighbor James Dougherty. They were married in June of 1942 shortly after Marilyn Monroe turned sixteen years of age. The following year Dougherty joined the Merchant Marine and would eventually be shipped of the Pacific.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 4: Marilyn Monroe first became interested in modeling when the army arranged for pictures to be taken of the women working in the munitions factory where she worked. She joined a modeling agency and it was at this time that she began to use the name Jean Norman. She also changed her brunette curly hair for the straighter blonde style.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 5: Upon the back of the modeling career Marilyn Monroe was put forward to an acting agency where she was screen tested by 20th Century-Fox executive, Ben Lyon and although he was not over enthusiastic, she was given a six month contract.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 6: During her contracted time Marilyn Monroe began taking acting lessons along with singing and dancing lessons. At this time she also picked her official screen name as a mixture of the first name of Marilyn Miller and Broadway star, chosen by Lyon and Monroe which was Marilyn's mother’s maiden name. The movie star by the name of Marilyn Monroe was born.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 7: During 1946 Marilyn Monroe was granted a divorce from her first husband and began to concentrate completely on her acting.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 8: Her first few films were of little importance and garnered her no success at all. Marilyn Monroe was not given another contract by 20th Century and instead would be contracted to Columbia Pictures, again her contract would not be renewed.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 9: The first two successful roles for Marilyn Monroe came in the films The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve in 1950. This success brought Marilyn Monroe back into 20th Century Fox’s orbit and they gave her a seven year contract.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 10: Working for 20th Century the second time Marilyn Monroe was cast in comedy roles, such as Monkey Business opposite Cary Grant, which would see the beginning of her being type cast as the dumb, childish blonde.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 11: It would be around this period that Marilyn Monroe began to gain a reputation for being difficult on set, demanding retakes, forgetting her lines, often being late if she turned up at all. This period also saw the beginning of her drug abuse, taking pills to give her energy, to help her sleep to wake her up. This type of drug taking was not uncommon in the motion picture industry at the time.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 12: In 1953 in England made Niagara and Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and these films cast her into the limelight and got her headlines such as “rising star” and listed in the Top Ten Money Making Stars Poll in 1953 as well as 1954.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 13: Huge publicity came to Marilyn Monroe via Hugh Hefner’s first issue of Playboy magazine. Marilyn Monroe featured on the cover of Playboy and caused a sensation as the centerfold nude.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 14: By 1954 Marilyn Monroe was entering into dangerous waters with 20th Century-Fox over her salary as she was being paid very much less that her contemporaries. This, together with her unhappiness at being typecast and unable to take on roles with more substance, she refused to start filming her next project and was suspended in January 1954.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 15: During that year Marilyn Monroe married American baseball star Joe DiMaggio and for a short time they became the most famous couple in America.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 16: By the end of 1954 Marilyn Monroe was filming The Seven Year Itch and during filming a famous scene featured her standing in a white dress over a subway grate that suddenly blew air up her skirt lifting and exposing her legs. This picture of Marilyn Monroe has become an iconic image and one of the most legendary scenes in her career.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 17: Her marriage to Joe DiMaggio was relatively short lived and Marilyn Monroe began divorce proceedings whilst embarking on a relationship with Arthur Miller, a famous playwright who would become her third husband.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 18: In 1956 Marilyn Monroe began making The Prince and Showgirl with Laurence Olivier at Pinewood Studios in England . The movie received mixed reviews and upon her return to the U.S. she took eighteen months off work returning to Hollywood in mid-958.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 19: He next project was Some Like It Hot opposite Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon. Marilyn Monroe was notoriously difficult during production due to being constantly late on set. Some Like It Hot received high acclaim on its release and became a blockbuster earning Marilyn Monroe a Golden Glove for Best Actress.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 20: After completing Some Like It Hot, Marilyn Monroe again took a break from her work and returned in late 1959 to film Let’s Make Love BUT the film was a flop.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 21: Her last completed film would be The Misfits, which would also be Clark Gable’s last film. Her marriage was over and the film would not be successful.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 22: After a quick divorce and a failed project for NBC Marilyn Monroe took some more time off for personal health reasons. Over the years she had suffered several miscarriages and in 1962 she underwent a procedure for endometriosis as well as having her gallbladder removed. Marilyn Monroe was also treated for depression in hospital. During this time, her ex-husband Joe was there to offer support.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 23: Marilyn Monroe never completed her last film, Something’s Got to Give which went into production in early 1962. For the first two weeks she was absent, suffering with flu as well as her ongoing drug abuse. In May of that year she famously attended Madison Square Gardens in New York to sing Happy Birthday to President John F Kennedy and it has generally been agreed, although there is no definitive proof, that she had an affair with Kennedy.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 24: On August 5,1962 Marilyn Monroe was found on her bed dead at thirty-six years of age. It was confirmed that she died from an overdose of drugs and that because of the amounts, being excessively over normal or accidental doses, the doses were consistent with a deliberately excessive amount taken. The cause of her death has since been the subject of considerable debate and surrounded by conspiracy theories. The body of Marilyn Monroe was laid to rest Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.
Influence and Legacy: The Smithsonian has included Marilyn Monroe in their list of 100 Most Significant Americans of All Time. the American Film Institute named Marilyn Monroe the sixth greatest female screen legend in American film history. Literally hundreds of books have been written about Marilyn Monroe and conspiracy theories abound around her life and her relationships.
Short Facts about Marilyn Monroe for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Marilyn Monroe. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Marilyn Monroe with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.