Margaret Thatcher Fact File Biography:
Lifespan: 1925 – 2013 *** Full Name:
Margaret Thatcher was also known as
The Iron Lady *** Date of Birth (Birthday):
Margaret Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925 ***
Place of Birth: Margaret Thatcher was
born in Granthan, Lincolnshire *** Family
background: Her father was Alfred Roberts
*** Early life and childhood: Margaret
Thatcher grew up and spent the majority
of her childhood in Granthan, Lincolnshire
*** Education: Margaret Thatcher began
her university education at Oxford in
1943 *** Margaret Thatcher died on April
Margaret Thatcher Fact 1: Margaret
Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925
in Granthan, Lincolnshire. Her full
name was Margaret Hilda Roberts.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 2:
was the daughter of Alfred Roberts and
Beatrice Ethel. Her father owned two
grocery stores, he attended the Methodist
church and was active in politics in
the local area. In 1945, he became the
Mayor of Grantham, a position which
he held until the following year in
Margaret Thatcher Fact 3: She
was raised in Granthan, Lincolnshire
and lived with her family in a flat
above one of her father's grocery stores.
She had an older sister called Muriel.
She had a religious upbringing, she
attended the Finkin Street Methodist
Church and was raised a strict Wesleyan
Margaret Thatcher Fact 4:
began her education at Huntingtower
Road Primary School. She was a good
student and worked very hard. After
winning a scholarship, she moved to
Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School.
She enjoyed playing sports including
hockey, swimming and walking. She also
Margaret Thatcher Fact 5: She
studied Chemistry at Somerville College,
Oxford, a constituent college of the
University of Oxford, from 1943-1947.
She graduated with Second-Class Honours
in the four-year Chemistry Bachelor
of Science degree.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 6: During
her Oxford University days, Margaret
a keen interest in law and politics.
In 1946, she took to the position of
President of the Oxford University Conservative
Association. The political works of
various people influenced her greatly,
particularly the works of Friedrich
von Hayek's, an economist and philosopher
born in Austria who wrote a book called
'The Road to Serfdom'.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 7:
started working for BX Plastics as a
research chemist after graduation from
Oxford University. In 1948, as a representative
of the University Graduate Conservative
Association, she joined the local Conservative
Association. Margaret Thatcher became the first female
and the youngest Conservative candidate
for Darford following her selection
in January 1951.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 8:
met her future husband, Denis Thatcher,
in February 1951 at a dinner she attended
after becoming a Conservative candidate
for Dartford. He was a rich businessman
and divorcee. The couple married later
the same year in December 1951. At this
time, she worked in Hammersmith for
J. Lyons and Co. as a research chemist.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 9: Denis
Thatcher was a supportive husband, he
helped her financially with her studies
for the bar. In 1953, Margaret
Thatcher became a qualified
barrister, specializing in taxation.
During the same year, Margaret Thatcher
had two children, twins named Carol
Margaret Thatcher Fact 10: Towards
the end of the 1970s, Margaret
Thatcher quoted, 'There
will not be a woman prime minister in
my lifetime—the male population is too
Margaret Thatcher Fact 11:
became the youngest female in history
to become a front bencher, in Harold Macmillan's
administration, as Parliamentary Undersecretary
at the Ministry of Pensions and National
Insurance. She became a spokeswomen
for the Conservative Party and argued
and opposed many things including high-tax
policies and hare coursing.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 12: In
1970, she became the Cabinet as Secretary
of State for Education and Science.
She became labelled as 'Margaret Thatcher,
Milk Snatcher' because she abolished
free milk from schools for children
aged 7 to 11. She learnt an important
lesson from her decision to remove milk
as the public were far from impressed
at this public expenditure cuts she’d
imposed. The following quote by Margaret
Thatcher reflects upon her decision,
'I learned a valuable lesson [from the
experience]. I had incurred the maximum
of political odium for the minimum of
Margaret Thatcher Fact 13: In
1975, Margaret Thatcher became party leader and Leader
of the Opposition. This position is
often seen as an alternative Prime Minister.
The following quote is taken from a
speech made by Margaret Thatcher on
January 19, 1976 during which she compared
the people of Great Britain to the Russians,
'The Russians are bent on world dominance,
and they are rapidly acquiring the means
to become the most powerful imperial
nation the world has seen. The men in
the Soviet Politburo do not have to
worry about the ebb and flow of public
opinion. They put guns before butter,
while we put just about everything before
Margaret Thatcher Fact 14:
was nicknamed the 'Iron Lady' by the
Soviet Defence Ministry newspaper Krasnaya
Zvezda in response to the speech she
made in Kensington Town Hall in 1976.
The nickname stuck with her for the
rest of her days.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 15: She
became the first and only female Prime
Minister of the United Kingdom on May
4th 1979. Margaret Thatcher was also the first Prime
Minister with a science degree, an achievement
which made her feel very proud.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 16: There
was a great deal of speculation over
the relationship between Margaret Thatcher
and the Queen. Many said that their
relationship was tense and there were
many domestic and international issues.
However, both Buckingham Palace and
Downing Street denied the claims. Margaret
Thatcher later quoted, 'I always found
the Queen's attitude towards the work
of the Government absolutely correct
... stories of clashes between 'two
powerful women' were just too good not
to make up.'
Margaret Thatcher Fact 17: During
her first term as the United Kingdom's
Prime Minister, she faced huge decisions
following the invasion of the Falkland
islands by Argentina. She reacted swiftly,
sending British troops across to the
Falklands in April 1982. The Falklands
War began and resulted in the surrender
of Argentina in 1982.
Margaret Thatcher Fact 18: At
the end of the 1980s, Margaret
a community charge called the poll tax.
The tax made her unpopular with many
of the British public and led to poll
tax riots and demonstrations in Britain.
Her successor, John Major, abolished
Margaret Thatcher Fact 19: She
resigned from her position as the Prime
Minster of the United Kingdom on November
28, 1990, leaving number 10, Downing
Street. She made the following statement,
'Having consulted widely among colleagues,
I have concluded that the unity of the
Party and the prospects of victory in
a General Election would be better served
if I stood down to enable Cabinet colleagues
to enter the ballot for the leadership.
I should like to thank all those in
Cabinet and outside who have given me
such dedicated support.'
Margaret Thatcher Fact 20:
died on April 8, 2013 following a stroke.
She was 87 years of age at the time
of death. As per her wish, she was given
a ceremonial funeral with military honours
and a service at St Paul's Cathedral
in London, England. Her ashes were placed
next to her husband's at the All Saints
Chapel of the Royal Hospital Chelsea's
Influence and Legacy: Margaret
Thatcher was a very important figure
in the history of Great Britain as she
was the first and only female Prime
Minister of the United Kingdom from
1979 to 1990. She took over the position
at a time when Great Britain was struggling
from a harsh recession. Margaret
Thatcher had many
challenges and tough decisions to make
and deserved the Iron Lady nickname.
Facts about Margaret Thatcher for
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