Manfred von Richthofen Facts and Biography

Manfred von Richthofen

The Red Baron Biography Summary: Manfred von Richthofen (1892 - 1918), aka the Red Baron, was one of Germany’s greatest fighter pilots during World War I. He started his military career on horseback as a cavalryman but when horses were retired from the military he was forced to be a foot soldier and he was unhappy with this turn of events. So taking matters into his own hands he applied, and was accepted, into the Luftstreitkrafte, the Imperial German Army Air Service. In 1916 Manfred von Richthofen became the first member of Jasta 2 and would later become the leader of Jasta 11, before being given an even larger unit Jadgdeschwader 1, commonly known as the “Flying Circus”. In January of 1917, having been given leadership of his own squadron, Manfred von Richthofen requested his plane be painted red, thereafter he would become known as the Red Baron.

Members of his squadron, fearing he may be too easily recognized, decided to also paint their aircraft in red so he was not such an easy target. Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron,  would receive a fatal wound during aerial combat but was able to land his aircraft safely before he died.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact Sheet: Who was "The Red Baron"? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron.


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Manfred von Richthofen Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1892 - 1918 *** Full Name: Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen *** Nickname: Red Baron, Red Devil, Little Red and Red Knight *** Occupation: German Fighter Pilot *** Date of Birth: He was born on May 2nd, 1892 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Breslau, Germany *** Family background: His father was Major Albrecht Philipp Karl Julius Freiherr von Richthofen and his mother was Kunigunde con Schickfuss und Neudorff *** Early life and childhood: He grew up an older sister and two younger brothers. When he was just four years old the family moved to Poland. *** Education: He began his education at home before being sent to Schweidnitz and from there he began his military training. ***

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 1: Manfred von Richthofen was born on May 2nd, 1892 during the latter part of the 19th century and would achieve fame and glory as the 'Red Baron'.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 2: His place of birth was in Kleinburg, which is very near to Breslau.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 3: His family was of exceptional pedigree, a Prussian noble family.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 4: Manfred von Richthofen was a very athletic youth winning a number of awards during his school years.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 5: When Manfred von Richthofen had finished his cadet training, he joined an Uhlan cavalry unit, the Ulanen-Regiment Kaiser Alexander der III von Russland and assisted to the 3rd Eskadron in 1911.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 6: Manfred von Richthofen was serving as a cavalry reconnaissance officer when World War I broke out on both the western and eastern fronts viewing combat in Belgium, France and Russia.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 7: Severely disheartened when his regiment became dismounted he applied to join the Imperial German Army Air Service.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 8: Unsatisfied with carrying correspondence as a dispatch runner or a field operator, he had written on his application “I have not gone to war in order to collect cheese and eggs, but for another purpose.”

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 9: Although his attitude in this missive was highly unmilitary it nevertheless went in his favor and he was granted his transfer.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 10: His flying career began in 1915 on reconnaissance missions as an observer.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 11: Manfred von Richthofen began his pilot training towards the end of 1915 having been inspired by a chance meeting with Oswald Boelcke.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 12: By August of 1916 Manfred von Richthofen was once again to encounter Boelcke and was enlisted to join his new fighter unit, Jagdstaffel 2.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 13: Although he had made two previous enemy kills they had not been credited to him. On September 17th 1916, Manfred von Richthofen would finally be credited with his first combat enemy kill with his new unit.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 14: "The Red Baron" would also witness the untimely demise of Oswald Boelcke during a midair collision in October of that year with a friendly aircraft.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 15: Unlike his brother Lothar, who was a highly skilled pilot, he was more or a tactician with excellent marksmen skills and would dive upon his enemy and attack from the vantage point of using the sun to hide his appearance.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 16: In November of 1916 Manfred von Richthofen would take credit for his most famous 'kill', that of Major Lanoe Hawker Victoria Cross, the British ace pilot.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 17: Manfred von Richthofen began to paint his plane red in January of 1917 during World War I. The red airplane earned the ace fighter pilot, Richthofen, the nickname, "The Red Baron". By mid-1917 "The Red Baron" would sustain his first injury during a dog fight he took a serious wound to his head causing him to lose consciousness briefly, he regained his senses in time to pull his aircraft out of spin.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 18: Several operations to remove bone splinters resulted in possible lasting damage that some say may have resulted in the untimely death of the "The Red Baron".

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 19: It was during an aerial battle himself, a Canadian Lieutenant and a Canadian Captain that Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron,  would receive a fatal wound. "The Red Baron" was struck by a bullet that did fatal damage to his heart and lungs but Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron,  managed to land his plane nevertheless.

Manfred von Richthofen Fact 20: Several allied airmen reached his side seconds before his death in a field in area under the control of the Australian Imperial Force. Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, died on April 21st 1918 aged 24 years.

Influence & Legacy:
It was long thought that his reason for using the color red on his aircraft was in honor of his time spent with the Prussian Calvary unit, the 1st Regiment of Uhlans Emperor Alexander 111 whose uniform color was also red. Manfred von Richthofen, "The Red Baron", was one of a select few who was not only respected by his friends but by his enemies. "The Red Baron" was a skilled and discipline aviator and in whose name many films, books and even early cartoons were written about him.


Learn about this famous person, Manfred von Richthofen (The Red Baron) with concise and facts which provide answers to all of your questions in an easy timeline format for kids. Our short, interesting fact sheet about Manfred von Richthofen contains all the facts and info you need to know and more! Enjoy our fast, fact sheet for kids  which helps to make the learning process fast and easy.

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