Mahatma Gandhi Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1869 – 1948 *** Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. *** Nickname: Bapu and Gandhiji. *** Date of Birth: Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 1869. *** Place of Birth: Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar. Kathiawar Agency, British India. *** Family background: His father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and his mother was Putlibai. His father would marry a total of 4 times. His fourth wife bore him four children, a daughter and three sons, of which Gandhi was the youngest. Both of his parents were religious people, his father was a Hindu and his mother came from a Pranami Vaishnava background. Mahatma Gandhi became a Hindu as had his father been. He married Kasturba and together they had four children, Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Rajkot a less impressive state than Porbandar. *** Education: He began his education at a local district school in Rajkot close to his home. Mahatma Gandhi learnt the essentials of arithmetic and history together with geography and the Gujarati language. *** Occupation: Barrister-at-Law ***
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 1: Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 1869 into an age when race and religious prejudice was extremely strong and it was a very volatile time.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 2: His family was originally from Kutiana in the Junagadh State and were often in the civil service of the current ruler.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 3: His first marriage took place when he was only thirteen years of age.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 4: When Mahatma Gandhi was nineteen years old he travelled to England to attend the University College London where he studied to become a barrister.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 5: Once he had qualified as a barrister Mahatma Gandhi applied, and was accepted, at a law firm in South Africa where he began to represent the Muslim India Traders out of Pretoria.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 6: Mahatma Gandhi would make South Africa his home for the next twenty one years and would experience the discrimination of being a non-white individual firsthand.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 7: While in South Africa, as a result of the injustice not only suffered by the indigenous population but he even experienced it himself, in fact, while travelling on a train in a first class carriage he had paid for he was asked to move and when Mahatma Gandhi refused he was thrown off the train.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 8: Having experienced this kind of injustice Mahatma Gandhi would question his own place in his native society and how those of the British Empire treated the Indian people.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 9: Whilst in South Africa he had become a political activist and even succeeded in gaining the right to vote for the black population and Mahatma Gandhi was declared a national hero.Mahatma Gandhi Fact 17: Throughout all of his campaigning he maintained a non-violent stance.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 10: Mahatma Gandhi made his return to India in 1915 and would set out to make the changes for his people in India as he had in South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 11: By 1920 Mahatma Gandhi had taken leadership of the Congress and began campaigning for Indian independence.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 12: When his demands for independence failed Gandhi, together with many thousands of his Congress leaders, were imprisoned.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 13: As a result of this, against his disapproval, the Muslim League agreed to take a portion of India and separated into the Muslim state of Pakistan.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 14: Mahatma Gandhi continued to petition of the Empire for independence for India and was invited to a War Conference in Delhi towards the end of World War I.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 15: Although Mahatma Gandhi agreed to support the British Empire Gandhi categorically stated that he “personally will not kill or injure anybody, friend or foe.”
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 16: As well as fighting for an independent India Mahatma Gandhi also fought for against the creating of Pakistan and stove to unite Indian Muslims, Hindus as well as Christians.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 18: Violence broke out during a period when India was partitioned off to create Pakistan for the Muslim population separate from Hindu India and although the Empire had finally agreed to Indian independence when he should have been in Delhi, instead he travelled to those areas largely affected by the unrest.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 19: In an attempt to unite his fellow man over the next several months he embarked on numerous fasts unto death in the hopes of creating harmony amongst the various religious factions.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 20: There were those Indians who felt he had been too compliant, one such Hindu nationalist, Nathuram Godse decided to take action against him.
Mahatma Gandhi Fact 21: On January 30th 1948 Nathuram Godse assassinated Mahatma Gandhi by firing three bullets at point blank range directly into his chest while he was taking part in a prayer meeting in Delhi.
Influence & Legacy: Mahatma Gandhi proved that is was possible with patience and tenacity that huge achievements could be accomplished by non-violent means. Although he was not the first person to believe in this method, he was the first to achieve success within a political arena. Other leading activist from around the world, the likes of Martin Luther King, James Lawson and James Bevel, all of these men were heavily involved in the American Civil Rights movement and used his insights to achieve their own goals.