Lizzie Borden Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1860 - 1927 *** Full Name: Lizzie Andrew Borden *** Occupation: Unemployed *** Date of Birth: Lizzie Borden was born on July 19th 1860 *** Place of Birth: Lizzie Borden was born in Fall River, Massachusetts, U.S. *** Family background: Her father was Andrew Jackson Borden was a manufacturer of caskets and furniture and would go on to become a property developer but even though her father became quite prosperous he was nevertheless very frugal and would not have indoor plumbing. Her mother was Sarah Anthony Morse and died when Lizzie was three years old *** Early life and childhood: She grew up with an older sister Emma and she were both brought up in somewhat religious home *** Education: Lizzie Borden attended the local schools ***
Lizzie Borden Fact 1: Lizzie Borden was born on July 19th 1860 and during the 19th century period in history when slavery would largely become abolished during this century with salve revolts in Britain, Haiti and France. In particular in America the Civil War of 1861 to 1864 saw the abolition of slavery and in England the Slavery Abolition Act saw the British Royal Navy put an end to the global slave trade.
Lizzie Borden Fact 2: Lizzie was a small child of three years of age when her mother Sarah died.
Lizzie Borden Fact 3: Her father remarried three years after his first wife died. Abbey Durfree Gray was the name of his second wife but Lizzie would call her Mrs Borden.
Lizzie Borden Fact 4: Lizzie was suspicious of her father’s wife, she was certain she was only after her father’s wealth. Apart from his successful manufacturing business he was also become quite a property developer as well as the director of the Durfee Safe Deposit and Trust Co. and president of the Union Savings Bank.
Lizzie Borden Fact 5: While Lizzie was growing up she attended the Central Congregational Church as well as volunteered for other church related activities such as teaching Sunday School.
Lizzie Borden Fact 6: Lizzie was also involved in the Christian Endeavor Society for whom she was the secretary and treasurer and a member of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union.
Lizzie Borden Fact 7: The family had a live in maid called Bridget Sullivan who helped around the house.
Lizzie Borden Fact 8: Lizzie and Emma’s maternal uncle had come to visit on August 3rd 1892 to speak to Lizzie’s father on a business matters.
Lizzie Borden Fact 9: Lizzie and her sister had also been unhappy about the way their father was giving properties away to members of Abby’s family and considering Lizzie’s suspicions regarding her stepmother she may have been right in her motives.
Lizzie Borden Fact 10: Abby Borden was in the guest bedroom when she was attacked facing her assailant and was hit with a hatchet on the side of her head slightly above her ear. She then dropped to the floor where it was surmised her attacker sat on his back and proceeded to strike her nineteen more times on the back of her head.
Lizzie Borden Fact 11: After having his breakfast, Lizzie’s father left the house for a walk. When he returned he was unable to gain entry to his home because his key did not work in the door. He called for assistance and Bridget went to let him in.
Lizzie Borden Fact 12: He then said he was going to have a nap and proceeded to go and lay on the sofa.
Lizzie Borden Fact 13: Her father was found on the sofa, dead, having been attacked with a hatchet type weapon about ten or eleven times and one of the blows was said to have been inflicted straight through his eyeball suggesting he had been asleep when attacked.
Lizzie Borden Fact 14: Emma was away from home on the day of the attacks apparently in Fairhaven around fifteen miles away.
Lizzie Borden Fact 15: During the police investigation it transpired that Lizzie had told Bridget that there was a department store sale on and that if she wished to go she could. Bridget apparently said she was not feeling well and that she would rather rest in her room on the third floor.Lizzie Borden Fact 17: Several hatchets had been found around the premises but a lack of proper evidence collection meant there were no direct ties established about the weapon used.
Lizzie Borden Fact 16: Lizzie’s statements to the police kept changing from where she was to what she was doing. She had also told the police that after her father left the house a message was received for Abby to attend a sick friend.
Lizzie Borden Fact 18: Eventually after the inquest, a Grand Jury decided to indict Lizzie Borden for the murders of her father and stepmother.
Lizzie Borden Fact 19: When the case came to trial, once heard the jury decided on an acquittal after an hour and a half deliberating.
Lizzie Borden Fact 20: Lizzie and her sister would be the beneficiaries of their father’s estate and because their stepmother died before their father, technically her estate went to her husband and his estate when to his two daughters.
Lizzie Borden Fact 21: Neither daughter ever married. Lizzie and Emma and a serious disagreement and Emma moved away never seeing her sister again. Lizzie died on June 1st 1927 of pneumonia and Emma died nine days later of severe kidney disease in a nursing home that she had been living in. Both sisters were laid to rest in the family plot in Oak Grove Cemetery side by side.
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