Early life and childhood: He grew up with the name Izzy Demsky, which was the surname adopted by his uncle and his father having been Jewish immigrants from the Russian Empire, he kept this name until he joined the United States Navy. He also grew up with six sisters *** Education: Kirk Douglas was educated through the usual school system. Although it has been said he talked his way into attending St Lawrence University and having been granted a loan, worked part time as a janitor and gardener to pay his way ***
King Henry IV Fact 1: Henry IV was born on April 15, 1367 at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England. He was also known as Henry of Bolingbroke.
King Henry IV Fact 2: He was crowned King Henry IV of England on September 30, 1399 and reigned until his death on March 20, 1413. As well as King of England, he was also the Lord of Ireland.
King Henry IV Fact 3: His father was John of Gaunt, Edward III's son. His mother was Blanche of Lancaster, she was the daughter of a very powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont and the first wife of John of Gaunt.
King Henry IV Fact 4: Henry IV had a number of full and half siblings. His half siblings were given the surname 'Beaufort' after one of their father's castles. Their mother was called Katherine Swynford, and despite her good relationship with Henry IV, not all of her children got along well with him later in life, particularly John Beaufort.
King Henry IV Fact 5: During his lifetime, he held the following titles: Earl of Derby, Earl of Northampton, Duke of Hereford, Duke of Lancaster, King of England and France, Lord of Ireland.
King Henry IV Fact 6: Richard II was Henry IV's first cousin and childhood friend. Their relationship as adults was often conflicting. Henry IV turned against Richard II when he became involved in a 1387 rebellion known as the Lords Appellants.
King Henry IV Fact 7: The Lords Appellant consisted of a group of nobles whose aim was to impeach the King's favourites. Following the Lords Appellant, Richard II regained power but chose not to punish Henry IV as he had done so with most other barons who had been involved in the act against him. In fact, he decided to make Henry IV the Duke of Hereford.
King Henry IV Fact 8: He was supportive of the siege of Vilnius which occurred in 1390, and along with a small army of men, he was involved in unsuccessful attacks for two years.
King Henry IV Fact 9: He went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1392 where he visited the Holy Sepulchre and the Mount of Olives. He later promised that he would free Jerusalem from the infidel - a crusade that he never managed to achieve before his death.
King Henry IV Fact 10: Thomas de Mowbray interpreted a remark made by Henry IV in 1398 as treason. Richard II called a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Coventry, England, however, Richard II decided to exile Henry IV before the duel of honour was due to take place to avoid further conflict.
King Henry IV Fact 11: He married Mary de Bohun in 1381 at Rochford Hall, Essex, England. They had six children together: Henry V of England, Thomas of Lancaster, John of Lancaster, Humphrey of Lancaster, Blanche of England and Philippa of England.
King Henry IV Fact 12: His father, John of Gaunt, died in 1399. Richard II prevented Henry IV from automatically inheriting his father's land. This meant that Henry IV would have to ask Richard II for the lands.
King Henry IV Fact 13: Henry returned to England with Thomas Arundel and launched a military campaign against Richard II whilst he was in Ireland. He started taking over land and gaining power across England. He quickly gained support, he imprisoned Richard II until his mysterious death and declared himself King Henry IV. His coronation took place on October 13, 1399.
King Henry IV Fact 14: Richard II died whilst imprisoned by Henry IV. The cause of his death remains a mystery, although it is highly likely that he died from starvation. His skeleton has since been examined for clues which leave experts with no evidence to suggest that he was murdered by Henry IV.
King Henry IV Fact 15: He arranged for Richard II's body to be put on public display at St Paul's Cathedral as proof that had died. His body was buried at the Dominican Priory at King's Langley, Hertfordshire. It was later moved to a tomb at Westminster Abbey that Richard II had commissioned for himself.
King Henry IV Fact 16: His first wife, Mary de Bohun, died in 1394. Henry IV later remarried to Joanna of Navarre in 1403. They didn't have any children together. Joanna of Navarre had eight children from her previous husband, John V of Brittany.King Henry IV Fact 17: Henry Percy (Harry Hotspur) of Northumberland led a rebel army during the Battle of Shrewbury on July 21, 1403 in an attempt to overthrow the King of England, Henry IV, who defeated the Percy family and their rebel army. Henry Percy was killed during battle, Thomas Percy, Sir Richard Vernon and Sir Richard Venables were hanged, drawn and quartered.
King Henry IV Fact 18: The Percy family tried again to overthrow Henry in 1405 when Richard le Scrope, the Archbishop of York led a rebellion which led to his execution along with rebel leaders.
King Henry IV Fact 19: The Percy family tried and failed once again to overthrow King Henry IV of England in 1408 when the Earl of Northumberland attempted to invade Northern England but was killed during battle.
King Henry IV Fact 20: He suffered from a severe skin condition which may have been caused by leprosy. He also suffered from other serious health issues which remain unknown. He died on March 20, 1413 at Westminster Palace, London, England at the age of 45. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England.
Influence & Legacy: After imprisoning Richard II, Henry II took to the throne and became the King of England in 1399. He reigned over the country until his death in 1413.
Short Facts about King Henry IV for Kids: The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, King Henry IV. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of King Henry IV with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.