Karl Marx Facts and Biography

Karl Marx

Karl Marx Biography Summary: Karl Marx (1818 - 1883) was a famous revolutionary German philosopher, sociologist, journalist and economist. He is regarded as being one of the most influential characters in the history of socialism. His theories have been both welcomed and criticized by people across the world. Karl Marx was fascinated by socialism his whole life. He was concerned about society, economics and politics, in particular the struggle and conflict between social classes. Karl Marx was also a writer; some of his most famous works include The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital.

Through his novels, essays and poetry, he was able to express his views and theories regarding issues concerning society, economics and politics. Karl Marx developed the theory of international communism and was co-author of 'The Communist Manifesto' with Friedrich Engels.

The term 'Marxism' derives from the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels which were later developed by their followers to form the basis of communism.



Facts about Karl Marx


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Karl Marx Fact Sheet: Who was Karl Marx? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Karl Marx, the famous revolutionary German philosopher.

Karl Marx Fact 1: Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818 in Trier, Kingdom of Prussia's Province of the Lower Rhine in the German Confederation. He was born into a middle-class family and his birth address was 664 Brückergasse.

Karl Marx Fact 2: His parents were called Heinrich Marx (Herschel Mordechai) and Henrietta Pressburg. His father was a lawyer, he belonged to the middle-class and he was fairly wealthy. His mother was a Dutch Jewish woman who was dedicated to family life, her motherly love was thought to be excessive.

Karl Marx Fact 3: Karl Marx had eight siblings of whom he was the third eldest. The names of his surviving brothers and sisters were Sophie, Hermann, Henriette, Louise, Emilie and Karoline.

Karl Marx Fact 4: His baptism into the Lutheran Church was held in 1824. His brothers and sisters were also baptized into the Lutheran Church.

Karl Marx Fact 5: Historians are unable to establish a great deal of information regarding his childhood. However, historical records confirm that he was home schooled until the age of 12. His education was provided by his father, Heinrich.

Karl Marx Fact 6: At the age of 12, Karl Marx attended school for the first time at Trier High School. His headmaster was called Hugo Wyttenbach and he was friends with his father, Heinrich.

Karl Marx Fact 7: Numerous staff members were replaced during the years in which he attended Trier High School. Many of the teachers at the school were liberal humanists. This meant that their attentions were focused highly upon 'humanism' - a term which places emphasis on the value of human beings. Police discovered that literature relating to political liberalism had been made available to students within the school, and as a consequence, some staff members were replaced.

Karl Marx Fact 8: He wasn't obliged to join the military at the age of 18, like other young men, as he had a 'weak chest' condition which excused him from joining.

Karl Marx Fact 9: Karl Marx wanted to study literature and philosophy but his father pushed him towards studying law. He attended the University of Bonn from October, 1835, when he was 17 years old.

Karl Marx Fact 10: At the University of Bonn, he was able to join a group known as the Poets’ Club. Some of the group’s members were being monitored by the law as they were political radicals.

Karl Marx Fact 11: His grades suffered after his second term at the University of Bonn. Karl Marx also became involved in a serious dispute with a member of the university’s Borussian Korps. Following this, his father demanded that he transfer to the University of Berlin where he could focus more on his studies.

Karl Marx Fact 12: Karl Marx married an educated baroness of the Prussian ruling class on June 19, 1843. Her name was Jenny von Westphalen and they had known each other since childhood. Despite their ‘class’ differences, their relationship had begun several years prior to their marriage. Karl Marx had befriended Ludwig von Westphalen, Jenny’s father, who was a liberal aristocrat.

Karl Marx Fact 13: Karl Marx became involved with a group called the ‘Young Hegelian’ after he moved to Berlin in 1836. The group was also known as the Left Hegelians and its members were German intellectuals who wrote about the legacy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

Karl Marx Fact 14: Karl Marx wrote a number of novels, dramas and poems during his lifetime. By 1837, he had written a novel called ‘Scorpion and Felix’ and a drama called ‘Oulanem’.

Karl Marx Fact 15: Karl Marx completed his doctoral thesis in 1841. The title of his comparative study was ‘The Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature’. It was a controversial essay which was described as ‘a daring and original piece of work in which Marx set out to show that theology must yield to the superior wisdom of philosophy.’

Karl Marx Fact 16: Following a move to Cologne in 1842, Karl Marx began writing for Rheinische Zeitung, translation Rhineland news, a radical newspaper. Through his articles, he was able to express his opinions on socialism and economics.

Karl Marx Fact 17: Karl Marx was a very influential figure whose theories have impacted greatly upon the history of humans. He believed in toppling capitalism and argued that the working class should arrange revolutionary action. The theories of Karl Marx were used for the basis of communism. Karl Marx has influenced people across the world including academics, labor unions and political parties.

Karl Marx Fact 18: Throughout his life, Karl Marx was fascinated by socialism. He was concerned about society, economics and politics, in particular the struggle and conflict between social classes.

Karl Marx Fact 19: Karl Marx is cited as one the top principal architects of modern social science along with Max Weber and Émile Durkheim. Social science can be described as academic disciplines based upon society and the interaction between members of a society.

Karl Marx Fact 20: Karl Marx died on March 14, 1883 at the age of 64 years. The location of his death was the city of London, England in the United Kingdom. Karl Marx was buried at Highgate Cemetery in London

Short Facts about Karl Marx for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Karl Marx. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Karl Marx with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.



Learn about this famous person, Karl Marx, with concise and facts which provide answers to all of your questions in an easy timeline format for kids. Our short, interesting fact sheet about Karl Marx contains all the facts and info you need to know and more! Enjoy our fast, fact sheet for kids  which helps to make the learning process fast and easy.

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