John Stark Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1728 – 1822 *** Full Name: John Stark *** Nickname: The Hero of Bennington *** Occupation: An Officer in the British Army as well as a Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution *** Date of Birth: John Stark was born on August 28th 1728 *** Place of Birth: John Stark was born in Londonderry, New Hampshire, USA *** Family background: His father was Archibald Stark who originated from Scotland and his mother was Elizabeth “Molly” Page whom he met while in Ireland and together they had eleven children *** Early life and childhood: He grew up initially in Londonderry, New Hampshire before the family was moved to Derryfield when John was eight years old *** Education: John Stark would have been educated by his parents as best they could ***.
John Stark Fact 1: John Stark was born on August 28th 1728 and during the 18th century period in history when France and America both went through revolutions and the Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
John Stark Fact 2: While out on a hunting trip with his brother William and two others, David Stinson and Amos Eastman, along the Baker River, John and Amos was captured although David was killed, by local Abenaki warriors and taken to Canada. Fortunately John was able to aid his brother’s escape.
John Stark Fact 3: Having been taken back to the Abenaki camp the prisoners was forced to run a gauntlet through warriors that were armed with sticks. As Stark began his run, he took the warriors by surprise by grabbing one of their sticks and attacking them back. So impressed with his actions the Chief adopted Stark into his tribe.
John Stark Fact 4: Early the following spring the government sent an agent out to negotiate a ransom for the return of prisoners and both Stark and Eastman were released and returned home.
John Stark Fact 5: During the French and Indian War John Stark enrolled as a second lieutenant and was serving under Major Robert Rogers and became one of the Roger’s Rangers and went on to gain valuable experience in combat as well as being able to familiarize himself with the terrain.
John Stark Fact 6: In 1759 under orders from General Jeffrey Amherst Roger’s Rangers were ordered to attach the Abenaki village that had adopted Stark. He made it very clear he would not attack the village and made his way home. By war’s end Stark and acquired the rank of captain.
John Stark Fact 7: The American Revolution began with the Battles of Concord and Lexington in 1775. Johns Stark would return to active service in the rank of a colonel in the New Hampshire Militia. He took command of the 1st New Hampshire Regiment and the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment headed up by James Reed.
John Stark Fact 8: The Battle of Bunker Hill would be a pivotal battle in the war and although the American forces fought a brave and tactically formidable fight they would ultimately, by the end of the day, lose the overall battle, the cost to the British side in deaths and casualties was horrendous. The deaths and casualties on the American side were a fraction of that lost by the British and although the British held Bunker Hill for several months, cannon captured during another battle would be used to secure Bunker Hill back under American rule with the British beating a hasty retreat, setting sail for Nova Scotia.
John Stark Fact 9: General Washington needed more militia like John Start in the Continental Army and so offered a command position to Stark, which he would accept.
John Stark Fact 10: His next assignment would be to assist the continental army during the Invasion of Canada in 1776 after which he headed to join Washington in New Jersey and the main army. Between 1776 and 17777 they took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton.
John Stark Fact 11: A recruitment drive was needed and Washington asked Stark to return to New Hampshire to raise more men to the cause which Stark did. Upon his return he was faced with another New Hampshire Colonel, who had refused to aid the battle at Bunker Hill, instead choosing to remain at home was promoted over Stark.
John Stark Fact 12: Stark took great exception to this and immediately resigned his commission.
John Stark Fact 13: Having returned him, several months later the New Hampshire Militia, his home state, offered him a commission as brigadier general. John Stark stipulated certain conditions to accepting the offer, namely that he would not be answerable to any authority in the Continental Army and this was agreed.
John Stark Fact 14: He was tasked with raising his own men and travelling to Vermont. Once at Vermont he was ordered by a Continental Army Major General Lincoln, who also happened to be another officer who received a promotion over Stark, to reinforce the Army on the Hudson River. Stark point blank refused to do his bidding and diplomatically, Lincoln allowed Stark to operate as he saw fit.
John Stark Fact 15: There were American supplies at Bennington and Stark became aware that the British were going to attempt to capture those supplies. As start was setting out for Bennington, likewise Colonel Seth Warner was also setting out to reinforce him.
John Stark Fact 16: Start was quite the tactician and had deployed his men around the position that Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Buam was holding who himself was awaiting reinforcements from Lieutenant Colonel Heinrich von Breymann was supplying.John Stark Fact 17: As Stark’s men were taking up their positions the Canadians, loyalist and Indians that were supporting the British fled leaving only Baum with those under his command to hold his position. Just as Stark’s forces were getting the better of Baum’s, Breymann’s forces appeared on site but almost simultaneously Stark’s reinforcements also appeared in the form of the Green Mountain Boys headed up by Colonel Seth Warner. Baum had been fatally wounded in the first volley and by the end of the Battle Breymann had managed to make his escape with approximately two thirds of his forces.
John Stark Fact 18: For his accomplishments during that conflict Stark would be awarded his much desired promotion in the Continental Army to brigadier general.
John Stark Fact 19: Having served the remainder of the war with distinction John Stark would retire and return back to his home farm in Derryfield.
John Stark Fact 20: On May the 8th of 1822 John Stark died at his home aged ninety three years. His body was laid to rest at Stark Park in Manchester, New Hampshire.
John Stark Influence & Legacy: John Stark (1728 - 1822) was an Officer in the British Army as well as a Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
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