John Jellicoe Fact File Biography: Lifespan:1959 - 1935 *** Full Name: John Rushworth Jellicoe *** Occupation: Royal Navy Officer, First Sea Lord of the Royal Navy and Governor-General of New Zealand *** Date of Birth: John Jellicoe was born on December 5th 1859 *** Place of Birth: John Jellicoe was born in Southampton, England *** Family background: His father was John Henry Jellicoe a Royal Mail Steam Packet Company captain and his mother was Lucy Henrietta Keele *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his parents in Southampton *** Education: John Jellicoe was educated at the Field House School in Rottingdean ***
John Jellicoe Fact 1: John Jellicoe was born on December 5th 1859 and during the 19th century period in history when many empires across the globe collapsed, the Spanish, first and second French, Holy Roman, Mughal and Chinese but the British and Russian Empires, the United States and German Empire where on the rise.
John Jellicoe Fact 2: He would join the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1872 and trained aboard the HMS Britannia.
John Jellicoe Fact 3: By 1874 he was made a midshipman on the HMS Newcastle, a steam frigate and later transferred to the HMS Agincourt, an ironclad in 1877 as part of the Mediterranean Fleet.
John Jellicoe Fact 4: In 1878 he was promoted to sub-lieutenant aboard HMS Alexandra and in 1880 received a promotion to lieutenant before return to HMS Agincourt. At this time he was also a commander of a rifle company and fought in the Egyptian war of 1882.
John Jellicoe Fact 5: During 1897 he received a promotion to captain and would become a member of the Admiraltyís Ordnance Committee.
John Jellicoe Fact 6: Under the guidance of Admiral John Fisher he would become the Director of Naval Ordnance, he would be appointed as Commander of the Royal Victorian Order when HMS Dreadnought was launched in February 1906 and would further be made Aide-de-Camp to King Edward VII that year.
John Jellicoe Fact 7: The following year in 1907 he would appointed as second in command over the Atlantic Fleet.
John Jellicoe Fact 8: After a succession of further promotions by 1912 he was appointed Second Sea Lord.
John Jellicoe Fact 9: As World War I began Jellicoe would be appointed Commander-in-Chief of the newly named British Grand Fleet and would take part in the Battle of Jutland in May of 1916. This event would be hailed as the clash of the dreadnoughts in the history books.
John Jellicoe Fact 10: By 1916 he would be appointed First Sea Lord but by 1917 he summarily dismissed by Sir Eric Campbell Geddes.
John Jellicoe Fact 11: The other Sea Lords spoke of resigning also but Jellicoe advised them against the idea.
John Jellicoe Fact 12: It would later emerge that removing Jellicoe had not been Geddesí idea alone but at the instigation of the Government which actually meant Lloyd George, the Prime Minister.
John Jellicoe Fact 13: In 1918 Jellicoe was created Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa Flow.
John Jellicoe Fact 14: During April 1919 Jellicoe was given a promotion to Admiral of the Fleet.
John Jellicoe Fact 15: In 1920 he would become the Governor-General of New Zealand and while he was in New Zealand would also act as Grand Master of the New Zealandís Masonic Grand Lodge.
John Jellicoe Fact 16: When he once more returned to England he would be created Earl Jellicoe and Viscount Brocas of Southampton.John Jellicoe Fact 17: John Rushworth Jellicoe died of pneumonia on November 20th 1935 aged seventy five at his home in Kensington, London. His body was laid to rest in St Paulís Cathedral.
John Jellicoe Influence & Legacy: John Jellicoe would be remembered for taking part in a battle of all battles of the Dreadnoughts and for being one of the First Sea Lords of the Royal Navy during World War I.
List of Awards given to John Jellicoe: Egypt Medal *** China War Medal *** 1914 Star *** British War Medal *** World War I Victory Medal *** King George V Coronation Medal *** King George V Silver Jubilee Medal ***
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