John Adams Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1735 - 1826 *** Full Name: John Adams *** Occupation: American Lawyer, Author, Statesman, Diplomat and 2nd President of the United States *** Date of Birth: John Adams was born on October 20th 1826 *** Place of Birth: John Adams was born in Braintree, Massachusetts, British America *** Family background: His father was John Adams and his mother was Susanna Boylston. His father had been a farmer, a cordwainer, a militiaman and a Congregationalist deacon as well as serving as a selectman who supervised the town buildings and schools and roads. His grandfather had been born in Wales *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with two younger brothers Peter and Elihu *** Education: John Adams, as the eldest child, his parents expected him to acquire a proper education which began he was just six years old and he began to attend Dame School, he then attended Braintree Latin School ***
John Adams Fact 1: John Adams was born on October 20th 1735 and during the 18th century period in history when France and America both went through revolutions and the Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
John Adams Fact 2: When he had completed his secondary education he went on to attend Harvard College in 1751. He graduated with an A.B. degree in 1755 with the expectation from his father to become a minister.
John Adams Fact 3: Instead of following his father’s wishes he decided he wanted to become a lawyer.
John Adams Fact 4: In 1754 during the French and Indian War many of the less solvent young men of his era joined the military to earn some money but Adam’s was not in this needy position. However he was far more desirous at that time to become a soldier than a lawyer.
John Adams Fact 5: During 1756 he would become the apprentice of John Putnam who was a leading lawyer in offices in Worcester. By 1758 he had earned a A.M. from Harvard as well as admittance to the bar.
John Adams Fact 6: In 1764 he married Abigail Smith and together they had six children , Abigail, John Quincy, Susanna, Charles, Thomas and baby Elizabeth who was stillborn.
John Adams Fact 7: Adams would become recognized for his opposition to the Stamp Act of 1764 which had been imposed by the British Parliament without prior consultation with the American legislature.
John Adams Fact 8: From early on he kept a diary and in that diary he also developed a habit of describing people and events and had some essays published under the non de plume of Humphrey Ploughjogger.
John Adams Fact 9: During 1770 British soldiers were involved in a street confrontation in which members of the public were killed. They were arrested and charged and needed representation. Although he feared it would harm his reputation, Adams agreed to represent the British soldiers.
John Adams Fact 10: Whilst arguing the case he made a statement that would become legendary, it was “Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” He also elaborated on the Blackstone’s Ratio.
John Adams Fact 11: Of the eight men he was defending, six were acquitted and two were found guilty, as they had fired their weapons directly into the crowds. They were convicted of manslaughter and not the original charge of murder.
John Adams Fact 12: After such a public trial and fair outcome his business began to prosper.
John Adams Fact 13: In 1773 he applauded the action taken by the protesting colonist in the event that became known as the Boston Tea Party which saw the destruction of three hundred and forty two chests of tea destroyed because of the level of tea tax the shipment was subject too.
John Adams Fact 14: Although there were advantages to being linked to Great Britain as a source of income for the King, this was unacceptable and in due course Adams began to see that it was time for America to stand on her own.
John Adams Fact 15: Adams advice was that a government should formed and chosen so that the virtue and happiness of the majority of the people was met.
John Adams Fact 16: With that in mind in 1776 drafted what would become known as the Lee resolution which would later evolve into a Committee of Five being formed and those Five Committee Members were responsible for drafting the Declaration. The Five members included Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert R. Livingston, Roger Sherman and Thomas Jefferson.
John Adams Fact 17: It was decided that Jefferson would produce the actual document although he requested Adams be the one to write the document. Between the two it was agreed that Jefferson would produce the document because other than serious reasons, Adams said Jefferson had better handwriting, for which Jefferson could not refute the fact.
John Adams Fact 18: In 1776 he travelled to France to negotiate trade treaties, in 1780 he became ambassador to Holland and in 1785 became the first American ambassador to Great Britain.
John Adams Fact 19: During the 1789 presidential election Adams lost out to George Washington but would become Vice President. But in 1796 he would win the election albeit by a small margin and became the 2nd President of the United States. John Adams Fact 20: He severed only one term as President and during his term continued that which Washington had begun with the exemplification of civic virtue and values and his term would be free of any scandal.
John Adams Fact 21: During 1798 he signed the Act for the Relief of Sick and Disable Seamen into law.
John Adams Fact 22: Once he completed his time in office, Adams returned to farming at his home in Quincy, Peacefield. His wife Abigail died in 1813 of typhoid. Thomas, his son, his wife, Ann together with their seven children moved into the family home.
John Adams Fact 23: His son, John Quincy Adams would himself become the 6th President of the United States during his father's lifetime.
John Adams Fact 24: John Adams died on July 4th 1826 at his home in Quincy on the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence aged ninety years. His body laid to rest at the United First Parish Church in Quincy, Massachusetts.
John Adams Influence & Legacy: The opinion on his term as President is neither positive nor negative, however there are aspects of his term for example that he believed those at executive levels should be above party politics.
Short Facts about John Adams for Kids
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