Jimmy Carter Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1924- present *** Full Name: Jimmy Carter *** Occupation: Naval Officer, Farmer, Politician, Author and 39th President of the United States of America *** Date of Birth: Jimmy Carter was born on October 1st 1924 *** Place of Birth: Jimmy Carter was born in the Wise Sanatorium in Plains, Georgia, America *** Family background: His father was James Earl Carter, Sr. and his mother was Bessie Lillian Gordy. His father ran a successful local general store and was a businessman investing in farmland while his mother had been nurse at the hospital where he was born. He could trace his descendants back to Thomas Carter and Englishman who had travelled to Virginia in 1635 *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with three more siblings, Gloria, Ruth and Billy. During his very early years the family moved a number of times *** Education: Jimmy Carter attended the Plains High School ***
Jimmy Carter Fact 1: Jimmy Carter was born on October 1st 1924 and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
Jimmy Carter Fact 2: During his teen years, Carterís father had allocated him a acre of land and young jimmy set about planting peanuts, which he later packaged and sold.
Jimmy Carter Fact 3: When he completed his education he carried out what had been a dream of his, which was attending the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis.
Jimmy Carter Fact 4: White attending the academy, Carter met his sisterís friend Rosalynn and when he graduated in 1946 they were married. Together they had three sons and a daughter.
Jimmy Carter Fact 5: When he graduated from the academy he did so sixtieth in his class out of eight hundred and twenty midshipman, he had a Bachelor of Science degree and was commissioned as an Ensign.
Jimmy Carter Fact 6: By 1952 he became involved in the U.S. Navyís new nuclear submarine program. While assigned to this division, an accident caused a partial meltdown at the Atomic Energy of Canadaís Chalk River Laboratories reactor ,which resulted in radioactive water flooding the basement area causing the reactors core to be ruined.
Jimmy Carter Fact 7: This would require a lengthy clean up involving the men, including Carter, to done protective clothing and each member of the team to be lowered into the reactor for only a few minutes at a time. This experience would later cause him to stop all development of a neutron bomb.
Jimmy Carter Fact 8: It was during 1953 that his father died which meant he inherited the family business. Although joining the navy had been dream it was one that he now found restricting and decided to resign, he was honorably discharged in October of 1953.
Jimmy Carter Fact 9: Although his father had built a lucrative business, by the time his wealth had been distributed amongst family members very little remained for Carter and his family in terms of cash. When the family returned to Plains they were reliant on public housing initially and in order to keep the farm afloat, especially after his first yearís crop failed, Carter also relied on credit from several banks.
Jimmy Carter Fact 10: Between them, Rosalynn learned bookkeeping and Carter took classes in agriculture and read what books he could.
Jimmy Carter Fact 11: Cater was very much pro-integration and when trouble erupted in Plains in 1954 he would find his warehouse boycotted because he was in favor of integration and racial tolerance.
Jimmy Carter Fact 12: In 1961 when a state Senate seat opened up Carter announced his intention to run and although the early results showed he was losing he transpired that fraud was being committed and he challenged the results. In so doing the election was held again and he won.
Jimmy Carter Fact 13: In 1962 both Carter and his wife were strong John F. Kennedy supporters.
Jimmy Carter Fact 14: In 1966 he decided to run for governor but when he failed to succeed he began to plan for the next election in 1970. His campaign tactics this time around were aimed primarily at the hard working man and not towards the wealthier members of the state in the hopes of appealing to more rather than just the few.
Jimmy Carter Fact 15: In 1971 Jimmy Carter was sworn in as the 76th Governor of Georgia and in his inaugural speech proclaimed at ďthe time of racial segregation was over. No poor, rural, weak, or black person should even again have to bear the additional burden of being deprived of the opportunity for an education, a job, or simple justice.Ē Many of his supporters felt betrayed because this stance had played no part in his campaign.
Jimmy Carter Fact 16: By 1976 Carter had decided to run for the Democratic Party in presidential election but it was widely felt he had little chance of success.
Jimmy Carter Fact 17: He defeated Henry Ford by 50.1 to 48.0 percent of the vote. Jimmy Carter became the 39th President of the United States of America.Jimmy Carter Fact 18: Carterís presidency was a challenging time. In the midst of an energy crisis he was also dealing with a recession and continuing inflation. He would also have to contend with a hostage situation in Iran when fifty two American diplomats and citizens were taken hostage at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran that lasted for four hundred and forty four days and right up until Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the new President.
Jimmy Carter Fact 19: Cater always contended that it was the Iranian Hostage Crisis that cost him re-election.
Jimmy Carter Fact 20: Having placed his farm and business into a blind trust to avoid any chance of a conflict of interest, when he returned to take up the mantle of his business he found it badly mismanaged and over one million dollars in debt.
Jimmy Carter Fact 21: Since leaving office he has established the Carter Centre, built his presidential library, taught at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia and has also written various books.
Jimmy Carter Fact 22: Jimmy Carter has become the longest living ex-President of the United States after leaving the White House.
Jimmy Carter Influence & Legacy: He largely contributed to the expansion of the Habitat for Humanity which built affordable housing. He has contribution also to international public policy as well as conflict resolutions and human rights and charitable causes for which he receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.
Short Facts about Jimmy Carter for Kids
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