Inigo Jones Fact 1: Date and Place of Birth – Inigo Jones was baptized on July 15th 1573 in in the church of St Bartholomew-the-Less, Smithfield, London.
Inigo Jones Fact 2: Family – His father was also called Inigo Jones and was a Welsh cloth maker and merchant. There is no information regarding Inigo’s early life or education but he was clearly well educated.
Inigo Jones Fact 3: There is evidence that Inigo Jones was apprenticed as a joiner to Sir Christopher Wren in St Paul's Churchyard which stimulated his interest in architecture and where he learned the skills of a master draughtsman and artist.
Inigo Jones Fact 4: As far has his career went, he did not come to architecture in the conventional way, he came by it as a result of making a name for himself by designing staging for masques and theater performances and mixing with the most influential people of the period.
Inigo Jones Fact 5: Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland, admired the work of Inigo Jones and became his patron. Jones appeared in the Earl of Rutland's household accounts of 1603 as "Henygo Jones, a picturemaker". It was the Earl of Rutland who introduced Jones to the royal Court of James I and Anne of Denmark.
Inigo Jones Fact 6: Inigo Jones, funded by the Earl of Rutland, travelled to Italy where he learned to speak fluent Italian and acquired considerable skills as an architect and studied the work of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio. During his visit to Italy he also studied the work of Giulio Parigi (1571–1635), an Italian architect who also specialized as a scenographer (set designer)
Inigo Jones Fact 7: The 'polished' Inigo Jones returned to England and received a commission from Queen Anne, the wife of King James I, to provide theatrical settings and design lavish costumes for a masque at court to celebrate the New Year. His collaborator in this role was a contemporary of William shakespeare, playwright Ben Jonson.
Inigo Jones Fact 8: Jones and Jonson designed and organized fantastic masques and theatrical productions for Queen Anne using dramatic staging and spectacle which were acclaimed by all visiting dignitaries to the royal Stuart court.
Inigo Jones Fact 9: Inigo Jones was a great success in this role which he continued when King Charles I ascended the throne.Inigo Jones Fact 14: Inigo Jones, as the king's architect and surveyor, exercised a notable influence on the development of the city of London and the design of the London house. He created London's first "square" and "piazzas" at Convent Garden (1630) and designed the church of St Paul at Covent Garden, also known as the Actors' Church which was inspired by Palladio's version of the Tuscan order, in the ancient Italian architectural form.
Inigo Jones Fact 10: The pair were responsible for staging over 500 performances between 1605 and 1640, and although his relationship with Ben Jonson started well it deteriorated over the years as it became fraught with competition and jealousy. Inigo Jones and Jonson had famous arguments about whether stage design or literature was more important to the theatre.
Inigo Jones Fact 11: In 1611 Inigo Jones left England for Italy with the Earl of Arundel. He visited Venice, Florence, Siena, Vicenza, Bologna, Genoa and Rome . The journey was of great importance to developing the architectural style of Inigo Jones.
Inigo Jones Fact 12: In 1613, Jones was appointed the position of Surveyor of the King’s Works. His first important task as an architect and surveyor was to build a house at Greenwich for Queen Anne.
Inigo Jones Fact 13: Other commissions followed including the old Banqueting House at Whitehall Palace, additions to the palace of Newmarket and a chapel at St James' Palace (Marlborough House Chapel). The buildings were built in the classical style
Inigo Jones Fact 15: His royal appointment ceased when the country became embroiled in the English Civil War (1642–1651).
Inigo Jones Fact 16: Inigo Jones died on June 21st, 1652 in Somerset House, London, England and was buried in the Church of St Benet, Paul's Wharf
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