Indira Gandhi Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1917 - 1984 *** Full Name: Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, nee Nehru *** Occupation: Indian Politician and First Female Prime Minister of India *** Date of Birth: Indira Gandhi was born on November 19th 1917 *** Place of Birth: Indira Gandhi was born in Allahabad, United Provinces, British India *** Family background: Her father was Jawaharlal Nehru a leading political figure in Indian politics and her mother was Kamala Nehru *** Early life and childhood: Indira Gandhi grew up an unhappy and lonely child, a younger brother had died in infancy and her father was rarely at home and her mother was often ill *** Education: Indira Gandhi was initially tutored at home. She would eventually attend the Modern School in Delhi, St Cecilia’s and St Mary’s Christian convent schools in Allahabad, the Ecole Internationale in Geneva, the Ecole Nouvelle in Bex and finally the Pupil’s Own School in Poona and Bombay *** Indira Gandhi died on October 31, 1984.
Indira Gandhi Fact 1: Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917, the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister. Her mother was Kamala Kaul Nehru.
Indira Gandhi Fact 2: Having been summoned to attend her sick mother in Europe, it was decided after her mother had passed away that she attend school in England.
Indira Gandhi Fact 3: While in England she attended the Badminton School followed by the University of Oxford but was beset with ill health and made frequent trips to Switzerland.
Indira Gandhi Fact 4: During 1940 while on a recuperating trip to Switzerland she found herself unable to return to England because of the outbreak of World War II.
Indira Gandhi Fact 5: She did however managed to get back England through Portugal and then returned to India unable to complete her studies at Oxford.
Indira Gandhi Fact 6: While living in England Indira Gandhi met Feroze Gandhi who would become her husband and she became part of the Nehru-Gandhi family that included Mahatma Gandhi.
Indira Gandhi Fact 7: During the 1950’s when her father was the first Prime Minister of India she served him as a personal assistant and by the end of the decade she was herself President of the Congress.
Indira Gandhi Fact 8: After her father died in 1964 she would become appointed a member of the Rajya Sabha and became a Minister of Information and Broadcaster in Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet.
Indira Gandhi Fact 9: When Shastri died in 1966 Indira was elected as the new leader.
Indira Gandhi Fact 10: Surprising her party she lead with a strong hand and even sacked some of the higher ranking officials because of misconduct.
Indira Gandhi Fact 11: While in power she did much for the poor people of her country in terms of agricultural programs.
Indira Gandhi Fact 12: Indira Gandhi would also bring huge change and the creation of a new and independent nation, Bangladesh.
Indira Gandhi Fact 13: She became known for her initiative the Green Revolution in which she increased crop diversification for the poor Sikh farmers in the Punjab region which created not only new jobs but more food for her people.
Indira Gandhi Fact 14: By 1977 however she was charged with a minor infraction concerning that year’s election and was found guilty and called upon to resign. She refused.
Indira Gandhi Fact 15: However, her reputation suffered nothing when in 1980 she won with a massive majority.
Indira Gandhi Fact 16: In 1980 she would also suffer a very personal loss when her eldest son, Sanjay was killed in a plane crash in New Delhi. He had worked as her chief political adviser. Having laid her son to rest she turned to her second son, Rajiv and began to prepare him for being a future leader.Indira Gandhi Fact 17: The Sikh separatist movement began to develop in the 1980’s in India. A campaign inside the Golden Temple was held by these extremists and Gandhi ordered approximately seventy thousand soldiers to remove the extremist from the sacred space.
Indira Gandhi Fact 18: The tragedy was that more than four hundred and fifty people lost their lives.
Indira Gandhi Fact 19: On October the 30, 1984 Indira Gandhi gave a speech on a visit to Orissa in which she said, “I am alive today, I may not be there tomorrow… I shall continue to serve until my last breath and when I die, I can say, that every drop of my blood will invigorate India and strengthen it..
Indira Gandhi Fact 20: On October 31, 1984 Indira was shot by two of her personal bodyguards, both were Sikh’s. The first three shots were point blank and the others were with an automatic weapon that discharged thirty bullets into her body. Indira Gandhi was declared dead at 2:20 pm. Her body was cremated near Raj Ghat on November 3rde 1984.
Influence and Legacy of Indira Gandhi: Indira Gandhi was India’s first female Prime Minister and as such was much revered. Unfortunately she would be widely remembered for cultivating nepotism within the political system. She would also be recognized for her progressive thinking and for achievements in rural agriculture that not only created more jobs but put food on the table of those who were largely living in poverty.
Short Facts about Indira Gandhi for Kids
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