Herbert William Garratt Fact File: Lifespan: 1864 - 1913 *** Full Name: Herbert William Garratt *** Occupation: English Mechanical Engineer and Inventor *** Date of Birth: Herbert William Garratt was born on June 8th 1864 *** Place of Birth: Herbert William Garratt was born in Hackney, London, England *** Family background: His father was William Garratt who was a manufacturer of umbrellas and his mother was Emma Hunt *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his family in London *** Education: Herbert William Garratt received a private school education in London ***
Herbert William Garratt Fact 1: Herbert William Garratt was born on June 8th 1864 and during the 19th century period in history when scientific discoveries were being made and innovations in mathematics, physics, biology, electricity and chemistry were moving very fast.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 2: He spent his apprenticeship at the Bow Works of the North London Railway during 1879 and 1882.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 3: He also spent some of his time in marine engineering as well as being an inspector for civil engineering contractors.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 4: In 1889 he joined the Argentine Railway and would be appointed as locomotive superintendent by 1892.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 5: He moved around the globe working for various railways between 1900 and 1906 including those in South America, Africa and Cuba before returning home to England.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 6: It is commonly believed that while he worked as an inspector he came upon the idea for what would become known as the Garratt locomotive.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 7: While employed as an inspector he was observing a bogie, or articulated, vehicle being used for the transportation of heavy artillery when he realized locomotives could be built along the same lines as the heavy artillery, a tank locomotive.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 8: With a low profile frame in the center, with plenty of room for fireboxes and boiler to carry water supplies and fuel between a pair of driving bogies either with or without pony wheels.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 9: The idea had developed to the point of being ready to apply for the patent in 1907 and was granted in 1908.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 10: Unable to attract Kitson of Leeds he instead interested Beyer Peacock in his idea.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 11: Often referred to as the Beyer-Garratt type locomotive it is the relationship between Garratt and Beyer Peacock that explains this.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 12: The working relationship between Samuel Jackson of Beyer Peacock and Garratt came at a time when Beyer’s were looking to diversify and Garratt’s idea fit the bill.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 13: Jackson had also worked with Garratt on a proposed narrow gauge locomotive for New South Wales and had prepared Mallet designed for projects in Chile and Portugal.Herbert William Garratt Fact 14: The Tasmanian Government made enquiries with regard to a prototype design for a locomotive to run along their North-East Dundas Tramway. The K Class would be the result and built in 1909.
Herbert William Garratt Fact 15: Herbert William Garrett died in 1913 in Richmond, Surrey, England.
Influence & Legacy: The Garratt locomotive would continue to be built by Beyer, Peacock and Company for many years after Garratt died. Garratts were commonly used around the world in South America, Australia, Asia, Africa and across Europe.
Important Events of the 19th century and during the life of Herbert William Garratt include: The Central Pacific Railroad Company hire Chinese people to work on the transcontinental railroad, Joseph Lister reports sterilizing tools will prevent the spread of micro organisms transmitting diseases and Britain has partial ownership of the Suez Canal enterprise.
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