Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1811 Ė 1896 *** Full Name: Harriet Beecher Stowe *** Occupation: American Abolitionist and Author *** Date of Birth: Harriet Beecher Stowe was born on June 14th 1811 *** Place of Birth: Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, America *** Family background: Her father was Lyman Beecher and her mother Roxana Foote. Both of her parents were very religious people, her father an outspoken religious leader. General Andrew Ward took part in the Revolutionary War and was her maternal grandfather *** Early life and childhood: Harriet Beecher Stowe grew up with twelve siblings several of which would also become famous, her sister Catharine Beecher became an author and teacher, her brothers Henry Charles and Edward would all become ministers as well as preachers and abolitionists *** Education: Harriet Beecher Stowe attended a girls seminary school which was overseen by her sister Catharine. Harriet Beecher Stowe was taught in the traditional male way including classics, languages and mathematics ***
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 1: Harriet Beecher Stowe was born on June 14th 1811 and during the 19th century period in history when there was much change across Europe and the world, the first and second French, Spanish, Chinese and Holy Roman Empires all collapsed and Europe would see two World Wars.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 2: When she was twenty one years of age she went to join her father in Cincinnati, Ohio where he was president of Lane Theological Seminary.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 3: When Harriet Beecher Stowe arrived she joined the Semi-Colon Club. Her sisters were already members of the literary salon and social club as well as Caroline Lee Hentz and Salmon P. Chase who would become the governor of the state as well as Secretary of Treasury when President Lincoln took office.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 4: As much as Cincinnati was a growing thriving city in this time period it suffered with problems between the African American and Irish immigrant populations over work.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 5: Her personal experiences during the Cincinnati riots of 1829 and subsequently meeting several of the African Americans who had been caught up in the riots would give her material for later work.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 6: It was through the literary club that Harriet Beecher Stowe made the acquaintance of Calvin Ellis Stowe. Calvin was a professor who worked at the seminary and was also a widower.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 7: In January of 1836 the two were married. Together they had seven children. They shared similar interests such as that involving slavery matters.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 8: The pair were also great believers in the Underground Railroad which offered safe houses and secret routes to enable them to travel to Canada where they could begin to live free lives. The couple even hid runaway slaves in their own home.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 9: The Fugitive Slave Law was passed by Congress in 1850 which forbade anyone to harbor or assist fugitives.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 10: Harriet and her husband were living in Brunswick, Main as her husband had been given a teaching post at Bowdoin College.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 11: While attending the college chapel for a communion service, Harriet had a vision, a dying slave, and this vision had such an affect on her she felt compelled to write about it. Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 16: Harriet Beecher Stowe was a determined woman. Her next campaign would be to do with the rights of married women, stating that married women had no more rights than that of the negro slave, everything that she may have or earn in her own right through her own talents becomes by law an asset to her husband, in the eyes of the law a married woman does not legally exist.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 12: At forty years of age, in 1851, the National Era, a weekly antislavery journal began to publish a serialization of her book, Uncle Tomís Cabin. The book itself went into publication in 1852 with its first print run of five thousand copies. In under one year a further three hundred thousand copies were printed and sold.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 13: Harrietís intention in writing the story was to bring to the attention the unbearable plight of those held in slavery with a view to educating those from the north and to try to appeal to those in the south to show some compassion towards the souls that were forced into this hideous life.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 14: Unfortunately contrary to the success the book had in the north, in the South there was much opposition to the book which led to a succession of books written that portrayed the south and the slave owners in a much more positive light.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 15: In November of 1862, after the end of the Civil War, Harriet Stowe was invited to meet with President Abraham Lincoln in Washington, D.C. At their meeting it was alleged he greeted her by saying "so you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war."
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 17: Although she was only part of the publication for one year, Harriet Beecher Stowe was one of the earlier editors of the magazine Hearth and Home, a publication directed solely at women.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 18: Her husband Calvin died in 1886 and from that point forward her mind began to deteriorate. Harriet Beecher Stowe began to re-write Uncle Tomís Cabin as if it were the first time, writing virtually word for word as she had written the original.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 19: When she was not writing she was often found wandering the neighborhood in and out of peopleís houses like a ghost, sometimes sneaking up right behind them silently and scream.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Fact 20: On July 1st 1896 Harriet Beecher Stowe died at eighty five years of age. Her body laid to rest at Phillips Academy historic cemetery in Andover, Massachusetts.
Influence & Legacy: A very strong proponent of antislavery Harriet Beecher Stowe became famous after the publication of her novel Uncle Tomís Cabin.