Guglielmo Marconi Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1874 - 1937 *** Full Name: Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi *** Occupation: Italian Inventor and Electrical Engineer *** Date of Birth: Guglielmo Marconi was born on April 25th 1874 *** Place of Birth: Guglielmo Marconi was born in Palazzo Marescalchi, Bologna in Italy *** Family background: His father was Giuseppe Marconi and Italian aristocrat and his mother was Annie Jameson of Irish and Scottish descent and her father was the founder of Jameson Irish whiskey *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Italian nobility in Bologna *** Education: Guglielmo Marconi began his education privately and although he was not an accomplished student he was described as a genius. ***
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 1: Guglielmo Marconi was born on April 25th 1874 during the latter part of the 19th century, a time of great innovation and massive changes in the world.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 2: From an early age Marconi showed a huge interest in science and electricity.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 3: One of the biggest events early in his life was the discovery of electromagnetic radiation, to become known as radio waves, by Heinrich Hertz a German physicist.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 4: When Hertz died in 1894 much of Hertz’s work was published and a young Marconi found a renewed interest in his work.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 5: Augusto Righi, a physicist at the University of Bologna, having worked and researched for Hertz, allowed him to attend him for short time.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 6: Guglielmo Marconi began conducting his own experiments and did so in the attic of his home, the Villa Griffone in Pontecchio with the aid of his butler Mignani.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 7: His aim was to utilize the radio waves to produce a useful system of “wireless telegraphy”.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 8: Although this was not a new concept, many had succeeded but they had not been commercially or technically successful.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 9: At twenty years of age, Marconi concentrated solely on the task of successful creating a wireless telegraphy.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 10: Together with the help of his butler and his specific set of components he began to make strides in the right direction.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 11: Guglielmo Marconi built a storm alarm in 1894 that would go off when there was lightening.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 12: Not long after that Marconi made a bell ring on the opposite side of a room just by pushing a button.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 13: Finally Guglielmo Marconi was able to show his father his invention working with no wires and his father was easily persuaded to give his son financial backing to purchase further materials.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 14: Guglielmo Marconi continued his experiments but would move them outside to enable him to make further adjustments when necessary.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 15: By 1896 having spoken the family members Marconi decided it was time to leave Italy and travel to England.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 16: An introduction was made with the Italian Ambassador in England who advised him that it was a sound idea to move his experiments to England but that he would be advised to keep his discoveries to himself for the time being. He had also suggested that it would probably by easier to raise the necessary funds easier in England.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 17: Various demonstrations took place around the UK, across the channel to France and in late 1899 he boarded ship for American.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 18: By the turn of the century Marconi had finally achieved wireless communication between Ireland and Nova Scotia in Canada. Guglielmo Marconi Fact 19: As a result of his success Marconi was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics.
Guglielmo Marconi Fact 20: On July 20th 1937 having suffered for many years with poor health Guglielmo Marconi died of heart failure in Rome, Italy.
Influence & Legacy: Even after he died his technology lived on, originally in the form of his company The Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company and was the world leader in radio and television technology. In collaboration with John Fleming, a British electrical engineer, they developed, in 1904, the diode vacuum tube. The Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America was formed and in London the Marconi International Marine Communication Co was founded in 1900. When the Titanic was built it was installed with radiotelegraph equipment leased to the White Star Line and supplied with two employees as operators as a direct result of these companies’. The original reason was to enable passengers to send and receive telegrams together with navigation reports on weather and ice warnings. It was thanks to the ability to transmit a distress message that the Carpathia was alerted to the devastation that had befallen the Titanic and the resulting rescue of 705 survivors, it was estimated the loss of approximately 1,500 souls when Titanic struck an iceberg. In 1922 the British Broadcasting Company was formed.
Important Events of the 19th century and during the life of Guglielmo Marconi include: The patenting of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell, the first practical four-stroke internal combustion engine by Nicolous August Otto and the first gas engine motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler.
List of Awards:
*** Matteucci Medal in 1901 *** Nobel Prize for Physics 1909 *** Albert Medal 1914 *** Franklin Medal 1918 *** IEEE Medal of Honor 1920 *** John Fritz Medal 1923 ***