Grover Cleveland Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1837 - 1908 *** Full Name: Stephen Grover Cleveland *** Occupation: American Lawyer, Politician and 22nd and 24th President of the United States *** Date of Birth: Grover Cleveland was born on March 18th 1837 *** Place of Birth: Grover Cleveland was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S. *** Family background: His father was Richard Falley Cleveland and his mother was Ann Neal Cleveland. His father had been a Presbyterian minister originating from Connecticut but relocated to Baltimore where he met Ann, a book-sellers daughter. His fatherís descendants were from Cleveland in England and his motherís family were of Anglo-Irish Protestant and German Quakers *** Early life and childhood: He grew up largely in Feyetteville, New York with eight siblings *** Education: Grover Cleveland had attended school but unfortunately due to lack of funds his father had to remove him from school and instead apprenticed him to a mercantile for two years, he did however return to school attending Fayetteville Academy and then Clinton Liberal Academy ***
Grover Cleveland Fact 1: Grover Cleveland was born on March 18th 1837 and during the 19th century period in history when slavery would largely become abolished during this century with salve revolts in Britain, Haiti and France. In particular in America the Civil War of 1861 to 1864 saw the abolition of slavery and in England the Slavery Abolition Act saw the British Royal Navy put an end to the global slave trade.
Grover Cleveland Fact 2: When he completed his education his brother William managed to obtain a position for him as an assistant teacher when he himself had been hired at the New York Institute for the Blind in New York City.
Grover Cleveland Fact 3: By 1855 he had made the decision to travel west and headed for Buffalo where his Uncle Lewis W Allen lived. He gave Grover a job as a clerk and introduced his nephew to the partners of a local law firm, Rogers, Bowen and Rogers. Grover was offered employment with them, which he accepted, in time he began to read and would be admitted to the bar in 1859.
Grover Cleveland Fact 4: Having worked for the law firm for three years in 1862 he decided to start his own firm and left. In 1863 he would be appointed to assistant district attorney of Erie Country.
Grover Cleveland Fact 5: The American Civil War was already taking part and in 1863 Congress passed the Conscription Act which meant all and any able bodied men, if called up, would have to serve in the army. There was an alternative which was to hire somebody to take your place. When Grover was called upon he paid a polish immigrant $150 to take his place.
Grover Cleveland Fact 6: As is most often the case, your political views are formed by those around you and where you stand in life. Grover Cleveland had no doubt that he was a democrat.
Grover Cleveland Fact 7: Although he ran for election for the office of the District Attorney he narrowly missed out, so decided instead to run for the Democratic nomination for Sheriff of Erie County, he won. After an unremarkable term as sheriff when it was complete he returned to his law practice.
Grover Cleveland Fact 8: In 1881 he was approached to run for Major of Buffalo but only under the right conditions, his conditions were met and he won. He took the office on January 2nd of 1882.
Grover Cleveland Fact 9: One of the main reasons for taking on the office of Major was because of the corruption imbedded within the officer by both parties. One of his first tasks was to veto the vote on the street cleaning contract that had been put out for tender and the council selected the tender with the highest bid rather than the lowest. Cleveland stated quite clearly that he was there to see to it that the publicís taxes were spent on their behalf and to their benefit, not for the benefit of the councilors to line their own pockets.
Grover Cleveland Fact 10: It would be at this time that as Mayor of Buffalo he was gaining the reputation of a man who would not turn his back on corruption but was willing to roll his sleeves up and get rid of it.
Grover Cleveland Fact 11: He continued to vote on issues in a moral way rather than a profitable way, although he made enemies because he would not just two the line, he also gained the reputation, rightly so, of someone who voted for what was right.
Grover Cleveland Fact 12: At the 1884 Democratic National Convention Grover Cleveland would become one of the nominees for President of the United States and he would win to become the 22nd President of the United States.
Grover Cleveland Fact 13: As was common the President chose who were to take the government jobs but unlike most new presidents who tended to favor their own people, Cleveland took the view that if a republican was doing the job and doing it properly, he stayed and so he filled his positions on performance.
Grover Cleveland Fact 14: Clevelandís term as President continued in that vein when it came to cleaning up the offices of the government. In between all his official duties Grover met Frances Folsom, the daughter of a friend. They married on June 2nd 1886 and together they had five children.
Grover Cleveland Fact 15: He lost out on a second term by a Republican nomination and returned to civilian life for the next few years.Grover Cleveland Fact 16: Grover Cleveland ran in the next presidential election and would become the 24th President of the United States and almost immediately had to deal with crisis of the Panic of 1893 which resulted in a severe shortage of gold that had resulted in the increase of silver coinage.
Grover Cleveland Fact 17: Grover Cleveland served a successful second term not withstanding a few medical health scares that he was careful to keep private as he had no wish to unsettle the country with concern that the President was potentially extremely unwell, us used the ruse of a family vacation to cover up a surgical procedure he had performed as well as some corrective surgery. By the time he made his reappearance he felt better than he had for some time.
Grover Cleveland Fact 18: At that point in history a President was able to sit for more than two terms and although Cleveland was offered the opportunity to run for a third term, he declined the offer. Having left the White House he retired to his estate, Westland Mansion in Princeton, New Jersey.
Grover Cleveland Fact 19: Over the next several years his health went into a steady decline and on June 24th 1837 he died of a heart attack at his home. His body was laid to rest in the Princeton Cemetery of the Nassau Presbyterian Church.
Influence & Legacy of Grover Cleveland:
Grover Cleveland would be remembered for the civil service reforms, he was also incredibly stubborn and blatantly honest.
Short Facts about Grover Cleveland for Kids
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