Francisco Pizarro Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1470’s - 1541 *** Full Name: Francisco Pizarro *** Occupation: Spanish Conquistador *** Date of Birth: Francisco Pizarro was born in 1470’s, an exact date is not known *** Place of Birth: Francisco Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Spain *** Family background: His father was Gonzalo Pizarro Rodriguez de Aguilar and his mother was Francisca Gonzalez Mateos. His parents were not married. Is father served in Navarre as a colonel of the infantry and also served under Cordoba in the Italian campaigns. His mother would marry and had another son called Francisco Martin de Alcantara *** Early life and childhood: He grew up illiterate *** Education: Francisco Pizarro did not receive any education *** Francisco Pizarro died on June 26, 1541
Francisco Pizarro Fact 1: Francisco Pizarro was born in the 1470’s and during the 15th century period in history when which is described as the late middle ages to early Renaissance and early modern period as well as during a time when Portugal and Spain were exploring the oceans of the world and colonizing new lands.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 2: Through his father he was related to Hernan Cortés as a second cousin once removed.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 3: In November of 1509 he set sailed from Spain to the New World under Alonso de Ojeda.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 4: In 1513 he joined the crew of Martin Fernandez de Enciso.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 5: In that same year he also travelled with Vasco Nunez de Balboa when he crossed the Isthmus of Panama on the way to the Pacific coast.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 6: Pedrarias Davila would become the governor of Castilla de Oro in 1514, taking over from Balboa who Davila would have arrested by Pizarro. He would be executed by beheading in January of 1519 and for his loyalty Pizarro would be awarded the position of magistrate and major of the new founded Panama City between 1519 and 1523.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 7: 1522 would be the year that the first exploration of South America by Pascual de Andagoya took place. It was during these expeditions that he was told by the native South American’s of a territory rich with precious gold called Viru which was located on the river Piru.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 8: This journey would not be fulfilled however because Andagoya became ill and they returned to Panama. There his story spread and the rich territory would become known as El Dorado.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 9: Pizarro heard these stories and decided to explore the region himself with the assistance of Hernando de Luque, a priest, and Diego de Almagro, a soldier.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 10: The expedition set out in November of 1524 but the excursion would be relatively short and unsuccessful due largely to terrible weather conditions, skirmishes with hostile natives as well as lack of food. They made their return to Panama.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 11: Two years later he embarked on his second attempt with the consent of the then governor Davilia although he needed some persuasion and he was also due to replaced and set out on his own exploration trip. His successor was Pedro de los Rios who gave his approval.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 12: In March of 1526 the expedition left Panama. Pizarro was put ashore at the Colombian coast and proceeded to explore the terrain, Almagro was bid to return to Panama to collect reinforcements while Bartolome Ruiz, Pizarro’s main pilot, sailed South where he encountered a raft of natives and aboard the raft were such goods as textiles, objects of ceramic and pieces of silver, emeralds and gold.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 13: He returned to collect Pizarro and found the group exhausted from their exploration. Almagro also returned with the reinforcements of fresh men just in from Spain and altogether the spirits were lifted.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 14: As they went back to explore the area Ruiz had come close to, the natives there were a spirited people and ready to do battle if necessary. Unwilling to give up, the parties split once more, with Pizarro going to shore nearby and sending Almagro back for further reinforcements and more ships.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 15: Once Almagro was back in Panama Ruiz was unhappy with the news of the expedition he had received and refused to allow any further reinforcements to be supplied. Instead he sent Juan Tafur to collect Pizarro and his men and return to Panama.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 16: All but thirteen decided to return to Panama, including Ruiz but for his part if was to collect reinforcements once more and return to Pizarro.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 17: Pizarro and his remaining men continued southwards until the reached the Peruvian Tumbes Region. Two of Pizarro’s men went to scout out the area and returned with news of riches they had seen and of the hospitality they had received.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 18: When they returned to Panama and requested of the new governor, Pedro de los Rios, that they be allowed to return once more, he refused. Under these circumstances it was felt that Francisco should return to Spain and make the request directly to the King and he took with him gold, silver, fabric samples, a llama and several of the natives as well.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 19: Having won the approval of the King he made a quick trip home to speak with his brother, Hernando Pizarro and convince him to accompany him on his return journey. Francisco de Orellana would also join them and later he would explore the length of the Amazon River in its entirety. They made the return journey to Panama and on December 27th 1530 set sail from Panama for Peru.Francisco Pizarro Fact 20: A meeting was arranged between the Incan ruler Atahualpa and Pizarro and when Pizarro requested that Atahualpa paid tribute to the Emperor Charles V, he refused stated “I will be no man’s tributary.” These few fateful words would seal his fate.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 21: The Battle of Cajamarca took place on November 16th 1532. The Spanish made short work of the natives and Pizarro himself executed Atahualpa’s personal guard and took Atahualpa prisoner. In August the following year, having been found guilty of plotting against Pizarro, various other charges and of killing Pizarro’s brother, he was executed by garrote on August 29th 1533.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 22: Pizarro and his army entered Cuzco on November 15th 1533 sealing the conquest of Peru.
Francisco Pizarro Fact 23: Francisco Pizarro was murdered on June 26, 1541 “a group of twenty heavily armed supporters of Diego Almagro II stormed Pizarro’s palace, assassinated him, and then forced the terrified city council to appoint young Almagro as the new governor of Peru.” His body laid to rest in the local cathedral.
Influence and Legacy: Although for Spain he is heralded as a great conquistador, in Peru however, he is thought of only in negative terms as the murdered of the Incan people.
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