Francis Bacon Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1561 – 1626 *** Full Name: Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban *** Occupation: English Philosopher, Statesman, Jurist, Aurthor, Scientist, Orator and Essayist *** Date of Birth: Francis Bacon was born on January 22nd 1561*** Place of Birth: Francis Bacon was born in York House, near the Strand in London *** Family background: His father was Sir Nicholas Bacon and his mother was Anne Cooke *** Early life and childhood: Francis Bacon grew up plagued by poor health that would follow him into adulthood *** Education: Francis Bacon began his education at home primarily because of his poor health, John Walsall was a graduate of Oxford with strong puritan views. Francis Bacon later went to Trinity College, Cambridge and together with his older brother Anthony there were tutored by Dr John Whitgift who would later become the Archbishop of Canterbury ***
Francis Bacon Fact 1: Francis Bacon was born on January 22nd 1561 and during the 16th century period in history when the world’s oceans were explored by the Portugal and Spain, the New World was discovered.
Francis Bacon Fact 2: In June of 1576 Francis Bacon, together with his brother Anthony, entered de societate magistrorum at Gray's Inn. Several months later he went to Europe with Sir Amias Paulet, the then English ambassador to Paris.
Francis Bacon Fact 3: Over the following few years he also attended Blois, Poitiers, Tours, Spain and Italy and during his travels he studied the languages, their civil laws and statecraft while also performing routine diplomatic errands.
Francis Bacon Fact 4: It is thought on at least one occasion Francis Bacon carried correspondence of a diplomatic nature to England for her Majesty, Burghley, Leicester and Walsingham himself.
Francis Bacon Fact 5: His return to England was prompted by the sudden and untimely death of his father. As a youngest son his inheritance was meager to say the least and he took up residence in Gray's Inn where he quietly worked for two years before he was finally admitted as an outer barrister by 1582.
Francis Bacon Fact 6: In order to achieve the personal goals he had set upon himself, namely, to uncover the truth, to serve the country that he loved and to serve his church, his next step was to engage in a parliamentary career which he did in 1581 when he was elected as MP for Bossiney in Cornwall. By 1584 he would take his seat in parliament for Melcombe, Dorset and for Taunton in 1586.
Francis Bacon Fact 7: Religiously he began attending the Temple Church with his mother to listen to Walter Travers and became more and more sympathetic towards puritan views.
Francis Bacon Fact 8: By 1586 Francis Bacon was publically called to witness the execution of Queen Mary, the Catholic Queen of Scotland. With the help of Lord Burghley Francis Bacon rapidly progressed at the bar and would become a Bencher in 1586. In 1587 he was elected as a Reader and by 1608 he would formally take over the office of reversion to the Clerkship of the Star Chamber.
Francis Bacon Fact 9: Prior to that in 1588 Francis Bacon would become MP for Liverpool and in 1593 for Middlesex, he sat for Ipswich on three occasions and for Cambridge University in 1614.
Francis Bacon Fact 10: Francis Bacon gained a reputation as a being liberal minded and keen to see the laws amended and simplified. He spoke out against religious persecution and was in favor of a unified England, Scotland and Ireland creating the United Kingdom.
Francis Bacon Fact 11: Francis Bacon opposed the bill to levy triple subsidies in half of the usual time and deeply offended the Queen which would see him fall out of favor.
Francis Bacon Fact 12: In time, Francis Bacon would however, regain his favor within the Royal court with her majesty Queen Elizabeth I.
Francis Bacon Fact 13: By the time King James I succeeded Elizabeth I, Francis Bacon was brought further into the Royal fold and was even knighted in 1603.
Francis Bacon Fact 14: In 1604 Francis Bacon married Alice Burnham and would also be appointed to the office of solicitor general. Even though the Commons and King James I found themselves at loggerheads, Francis Bacon managed to maintain his favor with the King all the while keeping the Commons confidence.
Francis Bacon Fact 15: His tactfulness paid off by 1613 when Francis Bacon was finally given the appointment of attorney general.
Francis Bacon Fact 16: Francis Bacon managed to retain the King’s favor and in March of 1617 was made temporary Regent of England and by 1618 was Lord Chancellor. He was given a new peerage and became Baron Verulam and by 1621 had been elevated to Viscount St Alban.Francis Bacon Fact 17: However, every rising star must fall, and fall he did in 1621 when Sir Edward Coke accused him of corruption on twenty three separate counts.
Francis Bacon Fact 18: Francis Bacon effectively pleaded guilty to the charges and through himself on the mercy of his accusers. Francis Bacon was committed to the Tower of London and fined £40,000. He was released within a few days on the King’s orders and the fine was remitted also by the King.
Francis Bacon Fact 19: With virtually nothing left to him, he had been forbidden to hold any official position, he retired to his home to concentrate of writing and studying.
Francis Bacon Fact 20: Francis Bacon died on April 9th of 1626 at the home of a personal friend, Lord Arundel, Arundel Mansion in Highgate. He died of pneumonia and he was laid to rest at St Michael’s Church in St Albans.
Influence and Legacy: It would be during his final out that he conceived of the idea that snow was able to preserve meat and it was while undertaking the experiment to prove this that he could the deadly chill.
List of Bibliography by Francis Bacon: Essays (1st ed. 1597) *** The Advancement and Proficience of Learning Divine and Human (1605) *** Essays (2nd edition – 38 essays, 1612) *** Novum Organum Scientiarum (New Method, 1620) *** Essays, or Councils Civil and Moral (3rd/final edition – 58 essays, 1625) *** New Atlantis (1627) ***
Short Facts about Francis Bacon for Kids
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