Ferdinand Foch Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1851 – 1929 *** Full Name: Ferdinand Foch was also known as Marshal Ferdinandd Foch *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on October 2, 1851 *** Place of Birth: Ferdinand Foch was born in Tarbes, France *** Family background: His father was a civil servant *** Education: Ferdinand Foch began his education at a schools in Tarbes and Rodez and the Jesuit College at Saint-Étienne *** Ferdinand Foch died on March 20, 1929.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 1: Ferdinand Foch was born on October 2, 1851 in Tarbes in France.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 2: He was known as Marshal Ferdinandd Foch; a French soldier and the Allied Généralissime during WWI. The Allied Généralissime can be described as a military rank of the highest degree.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 3: Ferdinand Foch served in the French Army from 1871 to 1923. He was involved in the following battles: Battle of the Frontiers, Third Battle of Artois, Battle of the Somme, Spring Offensive, and Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 4: During the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, he joined the French 4th Marine Infantry Regiment. Following the war, he decided to remain in the Army.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 5: He had a long and successful career in the French Military. He progressed quickly through the ranks and by 1885 he had become a Captain.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 6: He worked at the Staff College for many years. In 1895, he became an instructor and was later regarded as 'the most original military thinker of his generation'. He analysed history and battles that had passed in an attempt to re-examine the horrors and learn from it.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 7: During his studies, Ferdinand Foch revisited painful moments from the history of the French military and he used his findings to inspire new French Army recruits during lectures.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 8: Ferdinand Foch published collections of lectures in 1903 and 1904 under the titles "Des Principes de la Guerre" ("On the Principles of War") and "De la Conduite de la Guerre" ("On the Conduct of War").
Ferdinand Foch Fact 9: He taught his student officers Clausewitzian philosophy: 'the will to conquer is the first condition of victory.' He offered them guidance and advised them that 'recklessness in attack could lead to prohibitive losses and ultimate failure.'
Ferdinand Foch Fact 10: His reputation became damaged as his books were misinterpreted and became associated with Plan XV11 which can be described as a scheme of mobilization and concentration to be adopted by the French Army in the event of a battle with Germany.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 11: Despite the damage to his reputation, Ferdinand Foch continued to work his way through the military ranks, eventually gaining promotion to Général de Division. He took command of the French XX Corps in 1913 at Nancy and led them into battle 12 months later.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 12: During the Battle of the Frontiers, many serious causalities were taken. Ferdinand Foch was forced to retreat when the French XV Corps to its right defeated.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 13: He commanded the Ninth Army during the First Battle of the Marne. The following quote by Ferdinand Foch describes his feeling on the tough fight ahead and his determination, 'My centre is yielding. My right is retreating. Situation excellent. I am attacking.'
Ferdinand Foch Fact 14: Ferdinand Foch was promoted to Assistant Commander-in-Chief on October 4, 1914. He had a lot of responsible co-ordinating activities and liaising with the British. His efforts were outstanding and despite the odds being stacked against him, he succeeded in coordinating a defence.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 15: Commander of the BEF (British Expeditionary Force), Field Marshal John French, described him as 'the best general in the world'.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 16: King George V appointed him an Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on December 2, 1914. This is a British order of chivalry, the most honorable Order of the Bath.Ferdinand Foch Fact 17: Many things have since been named in his honor including statues, an aircraft carrier, a heavy cruiser, a district in Poland, an Avenue in Paris and streets in various cities across the world.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 18: Following the Treaty of Versailles, Germany remained a united country. Ferdinand Foch quoted 'This is not a peace. It is an armistice for twenty years'. As he'd predicted, WWII broke out 20 years and 65 days later.
Ferdinand Foch Fact 19: Ferdinand Foch received many awards during his military career including: Marshal of France, Légion d'honneur (Grand Cross), Médaille militaire, Croix de guerre, Order of Leopold (Grand Cross), MAR Order of the Ouissam Alaouite - Grand Cross (1913-1956) Order of Ouissam Alaouite (Grand Cross), Order of the White Eagle, Marshal of Poland, Virtuti Militari (Grand Cross), Order of St. George (2nd Class), Field Marshal (United Kingdom), Order of the Bath (Honorary Grand Cross), Order of the Redeemer, Order of Merit, Distinguished Service Order, Distinguished Service Medal (United States)
Ferdinand Foch Fact 20: Ferdinand Foch died on March 20, 1929 in Paris, France at the age of 77 years. His body was placed next to Napoleon and other French officers and soldiers.
Influence & Legacy of Ferdinand Foch:
Ferdinand Foch served in the French Army for approximately 52 years. He was involved in many major battles including the Battle of the Frontiers, Third Battle of Artois, Battle of the Somme, Spring Offensive, and Meuse-Argonne Offensive. During his military career Ferdinand Foch was presented with numerous awards in recognition of his efforts.
Short Facts about Ferdinand Foch for Kids:
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Ferdinand Foch. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Ferdinand Foch with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.