Edgar Allan Poe Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1809 - 1849 *** Full Name: Edgar Allan Poe *** Occupation: American Writer, Literary Critic and Editor *** Date of Birth: Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19th 1809 *** Place of Birth: Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, USA *** Family background: His father was David Poe Jr, and his mother Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe, both were actors, his mother was English born and his father of Irish descent. His father left when he was barely two years old and his mother died of consumption when he was three. He was taken in by John Allan *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with the Allan family and adopted their name into his own although they never officially adopted him. John together with his wife Frances and Edgar sailed for Scotland in 1815 *** Education: Edgar Allan Poe attended a grammar school in Irvine, later attending a boarding school in Chelsea, London and then Reverend John Bransbyís Manor House School in Stoke Newington, London, England *** Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 1: Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19th 1809 and during the 19th century period in history when significant developments were made in biology, science, physics, medicine and technology.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 2: In 1820 John and Frances returned to America and Edgar Allan Poe travelled with them.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 3: Edgar Allan Poe became a lieutenant in the Richmond youth honor guard when Richmond were celebrating a visit of the Marquis de Lafayette in 1824.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 4: The following year his uncle, William Galt, died leaving Edgar several acres of real estate and enable Edgar to purchase his first home, named Moldavia the house was made of brick and two stories high.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 5: In 1826 he enrolled at the University of Virginia and took classes in modern and ancient languages. Thomas Jefferson established the school the year before.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 6: Edgar Allan Poe remained in University for one year before leaving and moving to Boston where he took odd jobs as a newspaper writer and a clerk.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 7: It was around this period of time that Edgar Allan Poe began to write under the pseudonym Henri Le Rennet.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 8: Not earning enough money to live on, Edgar Allan Poe joined the United States Army. His enlisted name was Edgar A. Perry, he also claimed he was twenty two years of age when in fact he was only eighteen. He was paid five dollars a month.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 9: He would publish his first book in 1827, Tamerlane and Other Poems was a forty page collection of his poetry, it received very little attention.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 10: When he was transferred from Fort Independence in Boston Harbor to Fort Moultrie in Charleston, South Carolina he was promoted and his salary doubled. He became an enlisted tradesman who made the shells for artillery.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 11: In an effort to get himself an early release from his five year service he was honest about his age to his commanding officer who would only agree to help if Edgar Allan Poe contacted Allan and made his peace. Allan initially ignored him and failed to tell Edgar Allan Poe that his foster mother was gravely ill. Poe was able to visit his foster father which happen to be the day after his foster motherís burial which may have made it a little easier for Allan to forgive Edgar Allan Poe and assist him with his discharge which enable Poe to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point.Edgar Allan Poe Fact 17: Edgar Allan Poe was fortunate to be reinstated as editor if he promised to do better and he, his wife Virginia and her mother all returned to Baltimore.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 12: Edgar Allan Poe returned for a short time to his family in Baltimore and stayed with his Aunt Maria Clemm and Poe published his second book, Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane and Minor Poems.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 13: By 1831 Edgar Allan Poe started to put in considerable efforts to boost his income in order to live off of it.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 14: The publishing industry in America at the time was in its infancy and many publications lasted barely a few issues before folding. Often publishers either refused outright to pay their writers and paid them way past the date originally agreed, which left writers like Poe woefully short of funds and resorting to writing letters humiliating asking for financial help.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 15: Edgar Allan Poe decided to switch from poetry to prose and published several stories with a Philadelphia publication. He was awarded a prize for his efforts by the Baltimore Saturday Visitor and also brought about the attention of John P. Kennedy who introduced him to Thomas W. White.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 16: He was briefly employed as editor of the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond but after being caught drunk was dismissed. He secretly married his Aunt Clemmís daughter, Virginia who was thirteen to his twenty six.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 18: By 1839 he became the assistant editor of Burtonís Gentlemanís Magazine before finding work as assistant at Grahamís Magazine.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 19: By 1842 his wife began to show signs of illness while playing the piano and singing. He quit Grahamís and sought work elsewhere, travelling to New York he found employment with the Broadway Journal as editor but would later become the sole owner.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 20: In January of 1845 he published his poem The Raven in the Evening Mirror and it was very well received.
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 21: Virginia died on January 30th 1847 and Edgar Allan Poe did not cope well after this event. His behaviour became erratic and unstable and he was drinking heavily
Edgar Allan Poe Fact 22: Joseph W. Walker, a stranger to Edgar Allan Poe, found him on the streets of Baltimore ďin great distress, and Ö in need of immediate assistanceĒ also appearing delirious. Edgar Allan Poe was admitted to the Washington Medical College where on October 7, 1849 he died. His body was laid to rest in the grounds of Westminster Hall and Burying Ground
Edgar Allan Poe Influence and Legacy: Edgar Allan Poe was known more for his literary criticism than for his work during his lifetime, James Russell Lowell said of him "the most discriminating, philosophical, and fearless critic upon imaginative works who has written in America". He also became more popular across Europe than he did in America, in particular his detective stories.
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