Dante Alighieri Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1265 - 1321 *** Full Name: Dante Alighieri *** Nickname: Dante *** Occupation: Italian Poet *** Date of Birth: Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 although the exact date is unknown *** Place of Birth: Dante Alighieri was born in Florence, Italy *** Family background: His father was Alaghiero di Bellincione and his mother was Bella. His mother died when he was just a boy of ten years and his father married again, Lapa di Chiarissimo Cialuffi *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his half siblings, Francesco and Tana *** Education: Dante Alighieri would have received an education suitable for the time ***
Dante Alighieri Fact 1: Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 and during the 13th century period in history when after Oxford was founded forty years before Cambridge was founded in this century. Voyages of exploration are taking place and closer to home England began dominating Scotland, Ireland and Wales.
Dante Alighieri Fact 2: When he was eighteen years of age he met Lapo Gianni, Cino da Pistoia, Guido Cavalcanti and Brunetto Latini.
Dante Alighieri Fact 3: As a young adult in this era he would have been embroiled in the Guelph-Ghibelline conflict and would himself fight in the Battle of Campaldino against Arezzo Ghibellines.
Dante Alighieri Fact 4: During 1294 he was part of the escort for Charles of Anjou who was the grandson of Charles I of Naples while on a visit to Florence.
Dante Alighieri Fact 5: In order to assist in his political endeavors he decided to become a pharmacist. Although he had no intention of practicing as a pharmacist but under law, a noble requiring a career in public office was required to enroll in the Corporazioni delle Arti e dei Mestieri and so Dante applied for admission into the Apothecaries’ Guild.
Dante Alighieri Fact 6: In a city filled with political unrest and although he held various positions over the years, as a politician he was not very successful.
Dante Alighieri Fact 7: When Dante’s party won the battle against the Ghibellines, his party split into two, the Black Guelphs headed by Corso Donati and the White Guelphs headed by Vieri dei Cerchi.
Dante Alighieri Fact 8: Dante’s party, the White Guelphs were the party that were seeking more freedom from Rome.
Dante Alighieri Fact 9: The White Guelphs managed to take power first and ousted the Black Guelphs.
Dante Alighieri Fact 10: In response to these actions, the Pope, Boniface VIII began to plan a military occupation of Florence.
Dante Alighieri Fact 11: In 1301 King Philip IV of Frances’s brother, Charles of Valois was due to visit Florence as a peacemaker on behalf of the Pope but as previous ambassadors had not received much of a welcome, it was decided that Dante be part of a delegation sent to Rome to find out what the Pope intended to do.
Dante Alighieri Fact 12: Dante’s fellow delegates were dismissed by the Pope with Dante remaining in Rome.
Dante Alighieri Fact 13: While he was in Rome, the Black Guelphs together with Charles of Valois, forcefully entered Florence and proceeded to kill most of their enemies over the next six days while destroying much of the city as well.
Dante Alighieri Fact 14: Led by Cante de’ Gabrielli da Gubbio appointed as the podesta, and the Black Guelphs took over the city.
Dante Alighieri Fact 15: By March of 1302 the Gherardini family and Dante as an affiliated White Guelph member were all condemned to be exiled for two years and unable to return to Florence, they were also fined a large sum of money.
Dante Alighieri Fact 16: Once the Black Guelphs had established their government, Dante, having been the city prior, one of the city’s highest positions, was accused of financial misconduct and corruption.
Dante Alighieri Fact 17: The Pope, who had backed the Black Guelphs, suggested Dante remain in Rome. In the eyes of Florence, with Dante remaining in Rome he was considered to have absconded.
Dante Alighieri Fact 18: Unwilling and unable to pay his fine, partially because he felt he had done no wrong but also because all of his assets had been seized in Florence, he became perpetually exiled from returning to Florence unless he paid the fine. Otherwise, if he attempted to return he would burned alive on a stake.Dante Alighieri Fact 19: Any time the White Guelphs attempted to regain power, Dante offered his assistance but someone’s treachery always betrayed them.
Dante Alighieri Fact 20: Eventually, sickened with the back stabbing and infighting that went on around him, he accepted an invitation by Bartolomeo I della Scala he travelled to Verona before travelling on to Sarzana in Liguria.
Dante Alighieri Fact 21: It was during his time in excel that he was able to write with the interference of day to day life clouding his thoughts and it was believed around this time that he conceived the idea and began writing the Comedy which in fact was to be based on the underworld.
Dante Alighieri Fact 22: In time in Florence, many of the White Guelphs were permitted to return but not Dante, his letter writing previously had ruffled too many feathers and he was not permitted to return.
Dante Alighieri Fact 23: Eventually in 1315 amnesty was granted to all those in exile but Dante decided to remain in exile, instead his death sentence was confirmed and would include his sons.
Dante Alighieri Fact 24: Dante Alighieri died it is thought of malaria in September of 1321 aged fifty six years. His body laid to rest in Ravenna at the Church of San Pier Maggiore.
Dante Alighieri Influence and Legacy: He is best remembered for his works the Devine Comedy, Purgatory and Paradise which describes a journey through Hell (Inferno), Purgatory (Purgatorio), and Paradise (Paradiso).
Short Facts about Dante Alighieri for Kids:
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