Chester Nimitz Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1885 - 1966 *** Full Name: Chester William Nimitz *** Occupation: United States Fleet Admiral *** Date of Birth: Chester Nimitz was born on February 24th 1885 *** Place of Birth: Chester Nimitz was born in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA *** Family background: His father was Chester Berhard Nimitz whose family ties went back to Germany and his mother was Anna Josephine Henke. His father, a frail man, died six months before his birth. Although Chester W. Nimitz was fatherless, he did however have his paternal grandfather, German born, Charles Henry Nimitz who played a very influential part in his life. As a German Merchant Marine he was a hard taskmaster but who taught Chester W. Nimitz that “the sea – like life itself – is a stern taskmasterl.” *** Early life and childhood: Chester W. Nimitz grew up in Texas around his grandfather who would become a Texas Ranger in the Texas Mounted Volunteers in 1851 and later served as captain in the Gillespie Rifles Company during the Civil War on the side of the Confederate States *** Education: Chester Nimitz began his education at home but much later had decided to become an Army officer and so applied to West Point but there no appointments vacant. Instead James L Slayden, his congressman, advised him that there was one position left for the United States Naval Academy and the highest qualifying candidate would be accepted. Chester W. Nimitz joined the United States Naval Academy from Texas’ 12th congressional district in 1901 and would graduate with a distinction seventh in his class of 114 in January 1905 ***
Chester Nimitz Fact 1: Chester William Nimitz was born on February 24th 1885 during the 19th century period in history.
Chester Nimitz Fact 2: Chester W. Nimitz began his carrier on the battleship Ohio out of San Francisco and set sail for the Far East.
Chester Nimitz Fact 3: The following year, in 1906 he transferred to the USS Baltimore a cruiser on which he served for the next two years as a warrant officer he would then become commissioned as an ensign.
Chester Nimitz Fact 4: Over the next couple of years Chester W. Nimitz served on various vessels namely the gunboat Panay, a destroyer Decatur and a cruiser Denver. While in command of the Decatur he ran aground and although the ship was freed the following day he was, nevertheless court-martialed and found guilty of neglect of duty. His punishment, a letter of reprimand. On board the USS Ranger he returned to the United States and in January of 1909 Chester W. Nimitz began training in the First Submarine Flotilla.
Chester Nimitz Fact 5: Chester W. Nimitz would be given command of his first flotilla in May of 1909 with command of the USS Plunger. His next vessel was the USS Snapper and after that in November 1910 he assumed command of the USS Narwhal under which he also carried responsibility for being the Commander 3rd Submarine Division Atlantic Torpedo Fleet in 1911.
Chester Nimitz Fact 6: Chester Nimitz would be put in command of the Atlantic Submarine Flotilla between May 1912 and March 1913. He would also be ordered to oversee the diesel engines being built for the oil tanker fleet Maumee which was being constructed at the New London Ship and Engine Company in Groton, Connecticut.
Chester Nimitz Fact 7: In 1913 Chester W. Nimitz was sent to Nuremberg in Germany to study diesel engines at their plant. Speaking German was a particular bonus and from there he visited Ghent in Belgium before returning to New York Navy Yard where he became an engineering officer and executive for the Maumee as she was commissioned in October of 1916.
Chester Nimitz Fact 8: As the United States declared war on German in April of 1917, Chester W. Nimitz was aboard the Maumee while it served as a refueling ship for the US Navy destroyers, first squadron, to cross the Atlantic to take up the fight.
Chester Nimitz Fact 9: By February of 1918 Chester W. Nimitz was appointed chief of staff and had been awarded a Letter of Commendation for meritorious service as COMSUBLANT’s chief of staff and in September that year he reported for duty to the Office of the chief of Naval Operations and in October was given the additional duty as Senior Member, Board of Submarine Design.
Chester Nimitz Fact 10: After the war he returned home spending three years as assistant chief of the Bureau of Navigation before being given command of Cruiser Division 2, Battle Force and in September of 1938 he was given command of Battleship Division 1, Battle Force and in June of 1939 he would be appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation.
Chester Nimitz Fact 11: It was ten days after the attack on Pearl Harbor that Chester W. Nimitz would be chosen as command in chief, United States Pacific Fleet and promoted to the rank of admiral.
Chester Nimitz Fact 12: Chester W. Nimitz could not have been given such a command at a more crucial time, every battle ship that was at Pearl Harbor was either damaged or sunk, there was a massive shortage of supplies, planes and ships but Admiral Chester Nimitz was still able organize his forces to stop the Japanese advances.
Chester Nimitz Fact 13: In March of 1942 the recently formed US-British Combined Chiefs of Staff gave a directive that the Pacific theater would come directly under American purview.
Chester Nimitz Fact 14: The United States Joint Chiefs of Staff then decided that it would be prudent to split this area into three further areas creating a Pacific Ocean Area, the Southwest Pacific Area and the Southeast Pacific area and Chester W. Nimitz was given overall control over all of the Allied Units, land, sea and air.
Chester Nimitz Fact 15: The more man power and equipment that became available the more the battle became one of offensive and the Japanese were defeated in such WW2 conflicts such as the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Solomon Islands campaign and the crucial Battle of Midway.
Chester Nimitz Fact 16: Under and Act of Congress, the highest grade given within the Navy, Fleet Admiral, was approved in December of 1944 and the President, Franklin Roosevelt awarded it to Admiral Chester W. Nimitz.
Chester Nimitz Fact 17: The closing stages of the Pacific War came with an attack on the Mariana Islands and the winning of the Battle of the Philippine Sea defeating the Japanese and culminated by successful amphibious assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima. Chester Nimitz Fact 18: The Pacific Fleet headquarters was moved from Pearl Harbor to Guam until the end of WW2 and Japan formally surrendered to the USA in Tokyo Bay on board the Missouri with Fleet Admiral Nimitz signing on behalf of the US on October the 5th 1945.
Chester Nimitz Fact 19: Chester Nimitz was nominated as chief of Naval Operations in December 1945 to serve a term of only 2 years. He retired from active duty on December 15th 1947 but he would continue to attend ceremonial post as a Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy.
Chester Nimitz Fact 20: On February 20th 1966, having suffered a stroke with complications due to pneumonia Chester Nimitz died in his home in San Francisco Bay. The remains of Chester W. Nimitz were laid to rest, with full military honors, at the Golden Gate National Cemetery in San Bruno, California.
Influence and Legacy: “Nimitz’s greatest legacy as CNO is arguably his support of Admiral Hyman Richolver’s effort to convert the submarine fleet from diesel to nuclear propulsion.”
List of Awards present to Chester Nimitz:
*** Navy Distinguished Service Medal (4) *** Army Distinguished Service Medal *** Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom) *** Legion of Honor (France) ***
Short Facts about Chester Nimitz for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous WW2 hero, Chester W. Nimitz. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Chester Nimitz with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.