Charlotte Bronte Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1816 – 1855 *** Full Name: Charlotte Bronte *** Occupation: English Novelist and Poet *** Date of Birth: Charlotte Bronte was born on April 21st 1816 *** Place of Birth: Charlotte Bronte was born in Thornton, West Riding of Yorkshire, England *** Family background: His father was Patrick Bronte and her mother was Mari Branwell. Of six children, Charlotte Bronte was their third child with four sisters and a brother, Branwell. He father was an Irish Anglican clergyman. Her mother died in September of 1821 of cancer, Charlotte Bronte was only five years old *** Early life and childhood: Charlotte Bronte grew up with her siblings in Haworth where he father was given the position of perpetual curate for St Michael and All Angles Church *** Education: Charlotte Bronte was sent to the Clergy Daughter’s School at Cowan Bridge in Lancashire with her sisters Maria, Elizabeth, Emily and Anne Bronte ***
Charlotte Bronte Fact 1: Charlotte Bronte was born on April 21st 1816 and during the 19th century period in history when scientific discoveries were being made and innovations in mathematics, physics, biology, electricity and chemistry were moving very fast.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 2: When their mother died, her sister, Elizabeth would step in help with the children.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 3: Charlotte Bronte would vehemently insisted that conditions at the school the Bronte's attended was solely to blame for the deaths of her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, who died of tuberculosis in 1825, and her own very poor health. Her father removed Charlotte Bronte and her remaining siblings from the school.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 4: As children the siblings created imaginary worlds and each wrote their own stories about their characters and their lives.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 5: After the tragic happenings at her previous school, Charlotte Bronte went on to attend Roe Head in Mirfield when she went on to meet two girls who would become lifelong friends, Mary Taylor and Ellen Nussey.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 6: When Charlotte Bronte completed her education in 1839 she began a career as a governess to Yorkshire families.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 7: In 1842 she travelled to Brussels with Emily where they enrolled at a boarding school run by Constantine Heger together with his wife Claire. In exchange for tuition and board Emily taught music and Charlotte Bronte taught English.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 8: Again the girls education would be curtailed due to the sudden death of their Aunt Elizabeth. Charlotte would return to the school in Brussels on her own but her stay this time would prove very emotional, she was terribly homesick and had developed an attachment to Constantine Heger. Charlotte Bronte returned home in 1844.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 9: The Bronte sisters published their first book as a joint venture with Charlotte, Emily and Anne all putting their money together they published a book of poems under the pseudonyms of Currer for Charlotte, Ellis for Emily and Acton for Anne and used their curates middle name of Bell as their surname.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 10: After a failed attempt to get her manuscript for The Professor failed Charlotte Bronte was nevertheless encouraged with constructive criticism to continue to write. She strongly felt that writing about personal experiences added a deeper dimension to ones stories and her next offering, Jane Eyre, largely based on her own experiences, was a success.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 11: Her life would continue to be beset with tragedy. In 1848, as Charlotte Bronte began work on her next novel 'Shirley', the family would yet again suffer the deaths of three more members, her brother Branwell Bronte, died of chronic bronchitis, Emily Bronte died shortly after of pulmonary tuberculosis, and less than six months later Anne Bronte alos died of tuberculosis.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 12: Charlotte Bronte was devastated, she had lost her mother, her aunt, and all of her siblings, all who remained was her and her father. At first unable to bring herself to continue writing after so much loss, she did however eventually find solace in her writing and began again.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 13: Her third novel was published in 1853 and again was based on her own life experiences, this one included the isolation she felt and how one lived with it.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 14: Before Villette was published however, Charlotte Bronte received a proposal of marriage. The curate of whom the sister had utilized his surname for their own in their early writing careers, Arthur Bell Nicholls proposed to Charlotte Bronte, having long been in love with her. Her father however was not so receptive to the idea as Nicholls’ income was very poor.Charlotte Bronte Fact 15: In her friend Elizabeth Gaskell, Charlotte Bronte had an ally who used her connections to help raise Nicholls financial situation. In the meantime, Charlotte Bronte began to find him more and more attractive until she finally accepted his proposal and persuaded her father to give his blessing.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 16: Arthur Bell Nicholls and Charlotte Bronte were married in June and spent their honeymoon in Ireland.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 17: Shortly after their wedding Charlotte became pregnant but the pregnancy was complicated with terrible morning sickness and fainting spells with her health suffering terribly. As a result of the pregnancy both Charlotte and her unborn baby died.
Charlotte Bronte Fact 18: Charlotte Bronte died on March 31st 1855 aged thirty-eight with her unborn child. It was thought she may have died of phthisis, tuberculosis, but others felt she died as a result of the morning sickness and being unable to take on fluids and food, she suffered malnutrition and dehydration. Charlotte Bronte was laid to rest with her family in a vault in the Church of St Michael and All Angels at Haworth.
Influence & Legacy: Charlotte Bronte’s life was a tragic one. Of a family with her parents, her mother’s sister, and five siblings, four sisters and a brother, all died except her father who went on to outlive even her. Her method of writing was such that it was written from a unique perspective. Initially Charlotte and her sisters wrote using male noms du plume but eventually it would come to light that they were in fact women who wrote those stories.
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