Amy Johnson Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1903 – 1941 *** Full Name: Amy Johnson *** Date of Birth (Birthday): She was born on July 1st, 1903 *** Place of Birth: Amy Johnson was born in Kingston Upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England *** Family background: Her father was John William Johnson *** Early life and childhood: Amy Johnson grew up and spent the majority of her life in Kingston Upon Hull *** Education: Amy Johnson began her first flying lessons at the London Aeroplane Club *** Amy Johnson died on January 5, 1941 ***
Amy Johnson Fact 1: Amy Johnson was born on July 1st, 1903 in Kingston Upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Amy Johnson Fact 2: Amy Johnson was a famous British aircraft pilot who became the first female aviator to fly solo from Great Britain to Australia.
Amy Johnson Fact 3: Her parents were called John William Johnson and Amy Hodge Johnson. She attended Boulevard Municipal Secondary School in Kingston, England. She continued her education at Sheffield University and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics.
Amy Johnson Fact 4: After completing her university degree, Amy Johnson began work as a secretary to a London based solicitor called William Charles Crocket.
Amy Johnson Fact 5: She received flying lessons at the London Aeroplane Club from late 1928 until she received her pilot's 'A' License No. 1979 on July 6th, 1929. Her flight instructor was Captain Valentine Baker who served during WWI.
Amy Johnson Fact 6: In 1929, Amy Johnson became for the first female in the world to achieve a ground engineer's 'C' licence which allowed her to inspect aircraft before flight.
Amy Johnson Fact 7: Her father, John William Johnson, was very supportive of her interest in aviation. With the help of her father and Lord Wakefield, she was able to buy a second hand two-seat touring aircraft; the de Havilland DH.60 Moth, also known as Gypsy moth. Amy Johnson named her aircraft 'Jason' after her father's business trademark. The aircraft can be seen in London's Science Museum.
Amy Johnson Fact 8: Amy Johnson became famous across the world in 1930 when she decided to fly solo, approximately 18,000km (11,000 miles), from Great Britain to Australia. She became the first female in the world to make the solo flight successfully.
Amy Johnson Fact 9: It took her just over 19 days to complete her solo flight from Britain to Australia. She made the journey in her own aircraft, the de Havilland DH.60 Moth. She left Croydon, England on May 5th, 1930 and landed safely in Australia on May 24th, 1930.
Amy Johnson Fact 10: When she returned to Great Britain, she received a hero's welcome. She was awarded with a CBE and the Harmon Trophy. She also earned the No. 1 civil pilot's licence under Australia's 1921 Air Navigation Regulations.Amy Johnson Fact 15: Amy Johnson had an accident in 1938 when she overturned her glider at Walsall Aerodrome in England during a display. The incident occurred when she was landing the glider. Fortunately, she wasn't seriously injured.
Amy Johnson Fact 11: She flew from London to Moscow with her co-pilot, Jack Humphreys, in July 1931. They made the flight of 2,830km in 21 hours, making them the first pilots to make the flight successfully in one day.
Amy Johnson Fact 12: She married Jim Mollison, a Scottish pilot, in 1932. He had proposed to Amy Johnson only eight hours after meeting her! Their marriage lasted for approximately six years, ending with divorce in 1938.
Amy Johnson Fact 13: She set another solo record, and beat her husband's record, in July 1932 when she flew from London, England to Cape Town, South Africa in a Puss Moth called Desert Cloud.
Amy Johnson Fact 14: Her final record breaking flight took place in May 1936 when she flew from Great Britain to South Africa in a Percival Gull Six.
Amy Johnson Fact 16: Following the outbreak of WWII in 1939, as Amy Johnson was an experienced aviator, she joined the Air Transport Auxiliary. Whilst serving for the Air Transport Auxiliary, she transported aircraft from factories to Royal Air Force bases.
Amy Johnson Fact 17: Amy Johnson died on January 5, 1941 at the age of 37 years. The details surrounding her death remain a mystery as it happened during a flight that remains a government secret. Amy Johnson crashed into the Thames estuary and her body was never retrieved while ferrying an Airspeed Oxford from Prestwick to RAF Kidlington.
Amy Johnson Fact 18: Although her body was never recovered from the Thames, a memorial service was held in her honour on January 14, 1941 at St Martins in the Fields Church in Trafalgar Square. Amy Johnson was the first person from the Air Transport Auxiliary to die in active service.
Amy Johnson Fact 19: Some believe that Amy Johnson's death occurred during a secret government mission, other believe that she was shot down by anti-aircraft guns. A man from Surrey called Tom Mitchell claims that he shot down Amy Johnson's plane as she failed to give the correct identification code.
Amy Johnson Fact 20: Numerous buildings and roads have been named in Amy Johnson's honour across Great Britain including several schools, streets and avenues.
Influence & Legacy of Amy Johnson: Amy Johnson was an incredible British pilot who became the first female to fly solo from Great Britain to Australia in 1930. She set many flight records during her lifetime and went on to join the Air Transport Auxiliary following the outbreak of the Second World War.