Alfred Nobel Facts and Biography

Alfred Nobel

Biography Summary: Alfred Nobel (1833 - 1896)was a Swedish inventor, engineer and chemist who was born in Sweden in 1833. He was most famous for the invention of dynamite and as the founder of the Nobel Prize. Alfred Nobel was born into a poor family; however, his father grew wealthy when he became a machine tools and explosives manufacturer. The family’s additional income meant that Alfred Nobel was able to receive some form of education. He was a bright student who excelled in languages and chemistry.

As an adult, Alfred Nobel was able to speak six languages in total including Swedish, Russian, French, German, Italian and English. He spent much of his adult life travelling through Europe and North America on business.

Alfred Nobel Fact Sheet: Who was Alfred Nobel? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Alfred Nobel, the famous Swedish inventor and engineer.


Facts about Alfred Nobel


Facts About Index


Alfred Nobel Fact 1: Alfred Nobel was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. He was a famous inventor, engineer and chemist and founder of the Nobel Prize

Alfred Nobel Fact 2: He was a very successful inventor. His most famous invention was dynamite. The total amount of patents he held was 250.

Alfred Nobel Fact 3: Numerous things were named after this great American inventor including the synthetic chemical element Nobelium, the Nobel Prize and the German chemical and weapons company Dynamite Nobel AG.

Alfred Nobel Fact 4: His parents married in 1827 and they were called Immanuel and Carolina Andriette. His father, Immanuel Nobel, was an alumnus of Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm and he too became an inventor. His most notable invention was the rotary lathe used in plywood manufacturing.

Alfred Nobel Fact 5: Alfred Nobel was born into a poor family. He had seven siblings of which only three survived childhood due to lack of money and poor surroundings. The three remaining siblings were all boys.

Alfred Nobel Fact 6: His father, Immanuel, grew wealthy when he became a machine tools and explosives manufacturer. The additional money afforded Alfred Nobel an education. He was sent to private tutors and very quickly he began to excel. The subjects that he was particularly good at included chemistry, English, French, Russian and German.

Alfred Nobel Fact 7: The only school that Alfred Nobel attended was called the Jacobs Apologistic School. He attended the school for a period of 18 months between 1841 and 1842, it was located in Stockholm.

Alfred Nobel Fact 8: Alfred Nobel studied chemistry for several years in Paris and the United States. His studies involved working with notable chemists and inventors including Nikolai Zinin and John Ericsson.

Alfred Nobel Fact 9: The first patent Alfred Nobel filed for was a gas meter in 1857. He dedicated his time to studying explosives and the safe use of nitroglycerine; a colorless, oily, explosive liquid. In 1863, he invented a detonator and in 1865, he created the blasting cap. A blasting cap can be described as a small explosive device which can be used to detonate a bigger and more powerful secondary explosive such as dynamite.

Alfred Nobel Fact 10: His brother, Emil, was killed in 1864 during a factory explosion in Heleneborg, Stockholm. Five people lost their lives in total. The factory had been used for the preparation of nitrolglycerin.

Alfred Nobel Fact 11: Alfred Nobel continued with his inventions. He focused his efforts on developing the stability of explosives. His research resulted in the invention of a substance which was safer to handle than nitroglycerin, it was called dynamite.

Alfred Nobel Fact 12: In 1867, Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. His invention was patented in the United Kingdom and the United States. The substance was used in countries across the world in mining and building new networks for transport.

Alfred Nobel Fact 13: In 1884, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences which is an independent organization promoting sciences, in particular natural sciences.

Alfred Nobel Fact 14: In 1893, Alfred Nobel earned an honorary doctorate from Uppsala University. An honorary doctorate is an academic degree which is generally awarded to someone without the usual requirements. The person may not have any connection with the institution beforehand.

Alfred Nobel Fact 15: His brothers, Ludvig and Robert, became very wealthy when they exploited oilfields along the Caspian Sea. Alfred Nobel also made great financial gain from the oilfields as he had made investments in them.

Alfred Nobel Fact 16: Alfred Nobel moved to Sanremo in Italy following his mother and brother, Ludvig’s, deaths in 1891.

Alfred Nobel Fact 17: Alfred Nobel never married during his lifetime although he proposed to a Russian girl called Alexandra but sadly, she rejected his proposal.

Alfred Nobel Fact 18: He was very good at languages and could speak six languages in total; Swedish, English, French, German, Italian and Russian.

Alfred Nobel Fact 19: Following the death of his brother, Ludvig, in 1891, a French newspaper published Alfred’s obituary! The newspaper condemned him as a ‘merchant of death’. The obituary quoted ‘Dr. Alfred Nobel, who became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday.’ After readying the obituary, Alfred Nobel was saddened by how he’d be remembered.

Alfred Nobel Fact 20: Alfred Nobel died on December 10th, 1896 in Italy. He had suffered from angina and his death was caused by a cerebral haemorrhage. Alfred Nobel was 63 years old when he died.

Short Facts about Alfred Nobel for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Alfred Nobel. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Alfred Nobel with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.



Learn about this famous person, Alfred Nobel, with concise and facts which provide answers to all of your questions in an easy timeline format for kids. Our short, interesting fact sheet about Alfred Nobel contains all the facts and info you need to know and more! Enjoy our fast, fact sheet for kids  which helps to make the learning process fast and easy.

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