Alexander III Fact File: Lifespan: 1845 – 1894 *** Full Name: Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov *** Occupation: Emperor of Russia, King of Poland and Grand Prince of Finland *** Date of Birth: Alexander III of Russia was born on March 10th 1845 *** Place of Birth: Alexander III of Russia was born at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire *** Family background: His father was Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his mother was Marie of Hesse *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with seven siblings, two sisters, one older one younger and five brothers, also one older and the rest younger than he *** Education: Alexander III of Russia was not expected to be Tsesarevich as he had an older brother so as far as his education was concerned he was educated to that of a Grand Duke which included military drills, French, German and English languages as well as the basic educational topics *** Alexander III died on November 1, 1894.
Alexander III Fact 1: Alexander III of Russia was born on March 10th 1845 and during the 19th century period in history when many empires across the globe collapsed, the Spanish, first and second French, Holy Roman, Mughal and Chinese but the British and Russian Empires, the United States and German Empire where on the rise.
Alexander III Fact 2: When his older brother suddenly died in 1865, with Alexander only ten years of age, he then became Tsesarevich and at that time his study schedule changed to one where he was being taught administration and the principles of law by Konstantin Pobedonostsev.
Alexander III Fact 3: Prior to his death, Nicolas had been betrothed and it was his wish that his brother marry his fiancée. This they did and on November 9th 1866 Alexander married Princess Dagmar of Denmark. She converted to Orthodox Christianity and would take the name Maria Feodorovna. The marriage proved a very happy one.
Alexander III Fact 4: Alexander II of Russia was assassinated on March 1st 1881 by a terrorist organization which made Alexander III Emperor at the age of thirty five.
Alexander III Fact 5: He had decided early on he would not follow in his father’s footsteps who had signed a ukaz which created a consultative commission to advise the emperor. Alexander III had the policy cancelled before it had been published making it very clear his autocracy would be limitless.
Alexander III Fact 6: Under his father, liberalism had been encouraged, but Alexander wanted this reversed. He strongly believed the way forward and to avoid any revolutionary agitation, was to maintain the Russian Orthodoxy, Nationality and Autocracy and returned to the ideology of his grandfather, Emperor Nicholas I.
Alexander III Fact 7: An assassination attempt by the terrorist group Narodnaya Volya, that had succeeded in killing Alexander II, was discovered before an attempt was made on the life of Alexander III and the conspirators put to death.
Alexander III Fact 8: In 1888 while the Royal family were dining on the Imperial Train there was an accident and the train was derailed. As the roof of the dining car began to collapse Alexander allegedly supported part of the collapsing roof across his shoulders while his family made their escape.
Alexander III Fact 9: As far as Alexander’s feelings on foreign affairs was concerned, the surest way to avoid conflict was to be thoroughly prepared for it but he was not a confrontational ruler and preferred always a peaceful resolution but not at any cost.
Alexander III Fact 10: With that in mind he had reinstituted the League of Three Emperors, although he had no liking for Kaiser Wilhelm II of German, particularly after the removal of Otto von Bismarck. However, when the Reinsurance Treat with the Germans expired and Wilhelm refused to renew it Alexander turned to France and with them an alliance was formed in 1892.Alexander III Fact 14: As a result of his rapidly failing health, his eldest son, Nicholas, wanted his father’s blessing for his upcoming nuptials and arranged for Princess Alix to meet with his father, the meeting took place on October 21st 1894.
Alexander III Fact 11: Alexander III was diagnosed with nephritis in 1894, an incurable kidney disease. It is believed the disease may have been caused as a result of the physical trauma he had suffered during the train crash several years earlier.
Alexander III Fact 12: Queen Olga of Greece was the sister-in-law of his wife, Maria, and she offered them the use of her home on the island of Corfu with the intention of it may be helping to improve Alexander’s health.
Alexander III Fact 13: They began their journey but upon reaching Lavadia in the Crimea, Alexander was too weak and frail to continue.
Alexander III Fact 15: On November 1, 1894, Alexander III of Russia died, in his wife’s arms, at the age of forty nine years old. His body was laid to rest at the Peter and Paul Fortress in St Petersburg.
Influence and Legacy: His legacy was cut short due to his untimely death at such a young age. He was the epitome of what Russia stood for and was a true autocrat.
Short Facts about Alexander III of Russia for Kids
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