Albert Einstein Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1879 – 1955 *** Full Name: Albert Einstein *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on March 14, 1879 *** Place of Birth: Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, the Kingdom of Württemberg, Germany *** Family background: His father was Hermann Einstein *** Early life and childhood: Albert Einstein grew up in Germany *** Education: Albert Einstein began his education at Luitpold Gymnasium at the age of 8 *** Albert Einstein died on April 17, 1955 ***
Albert Einstein Fact 1: Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, the Kingdom of Württemberg (a state that existed in Germany from 1805 to 1918).
Albert Einstein Fact 2: Albert Einstein was a famous German-born scientist and theoretical physicist who is credited for the development of the general theory of relativity.
Albert Einstein Fact 3: His parents were Jewish, they were called Hermann Einstein and Pauline Koch. His father was an engineer and salesman, and his mother was a housewife. He had a younger sister called Maja.
Albert Einstein Fact 4: He began his education when he was five years old at a Catholic elementary school. He studied at the school for three years before moving to the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. The Luitpold Gymnasium has since been renamed the 'Albert Einstein Gymnasium'. Here, he received his primary and secondary school education.
Albert Einstein Fact 5: Albert Einstein was a curious and inquisitive child with a talent for music. He enjoyed playing the violin and would continue to do so throughout his adult life. He often felt like a loner, even as an adult, and for this reason, he didn't enjoy his school days very much.
Albert Einstein Fact 6: His family moved to Italy during the 1890s, Albert Einstein remained in Munich in order to complete his schooling. He joined his family in Italy when he was faced with military duty. He used a note from his doctor, claiming he was suffering from nervous exhaustion, to excuse himself from his studies.
Albert Einstein Fact 7: Albert Einstein was accepted into the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich as a result of his entrance exam score which was outstanding for both physics and mathematics.
Albert Einstein Fact 8: Whilst studying at the Polytechnic school in Zurich, he met a girl called Mileva Maric who became his future wife. Albert Einstein's parents did not approve of their relationship as Mileva was of a different nationality to their son's. This didn't stop the couple from seeing one another. They had a daughter together in 1902, she was called Lieserl. The couple didn't raise the child, she may have been adopted.
Albert Einstein Fact 9: Albert Einstein married Mileva Maric in 1903, following the death of his father. They had two sons together, their names were Hans and Eduard. The couple were married for approximately 16 years, they divorced in 1919. During his marriage to Mileva Maric, Albert Einstein had a secret love affair with a woman called Elsa Löwenthal. Albert Einstein married her in 1919 following his divorce to Mileva Maric. His second marriage lasted for approximately 17 years during which time he continued to have affairs with other women. His wife, Elsa Löwenthal, died in 1936.
Albert Einstein Fact 10: He worked for a Swiss patent office from 1902 as a clerk. It was during this time that his theories really started to develop. He produced four papers which were published in 1905 in a physics journal called the Annalen der Physik. Albert Einstein created the equation E=mc2 which was published in his fourth paper. 1905 became known as a 'miracle year' for Albert Einstein.Albert Einstein Fact 16: Albert Einstein was a pacifist, he didn't believe in war. He felt regretful later in life for having written to President Franklin D. Roosevelt advising that the United States engage in the development of the atomic bomb. The following quote by Albert Einstein reflects upon the situation, '"I made one great mistake in my life - when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them ...'
Albert Einstein Fact 11: From 1913 to 1933, Albert Einstein was the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics. In 1915, he finished the general theory of relativity. This was one of the most important points of his life as he was finally able to explain a theory which he'd worked on for such a long time
Albert Einstein Fact 12: He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. He wasn't presented with the award straight away as some doubted his ideas on relativity.
Albert Einstein Fact 13: In 1933, Hitler came into power over Germany and Albert Einstein, being Jewish, became a target to the Nazis. He feared for his life, and his works which were at risk of becoming detriment to Nazi book burnings, and as a consequence, he moved to the United States to escape. In 1940, he became an American citizen.
Albert Einstein Fact 14: Albert Einstein wrote to the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, on the day prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. He wanted to alert the President to the atomic bomb research being carried out by the Nazis. In his letter, he advised that the United States should concentrate on its own nuclear weapons research.
Albert Einstein Fact 15: Following his letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Manhattan Project was initiated. The race had begun and the United States focused their efforts on producing the first nuclear weapons. The U.S. became the first country to create an atomic bomb during WWII.
Albert Einstein Fact 17: He was an avid supporter and campaigner of civil rights. Albert Einstein believed that the United States was plagued with racism and he wanted to see equal rights given to black people. During a speech at Lincoln University, he told the students that 'he didn't intend to be quiet about it.'
Albert Einstein Fact 18: Albert Einstein was good friends with the famous movie star Charlie Chaplin. Albert Einstein's wife, Elsa, told Charlie Chaplin about the moment when Albert completed the general theory of relativity. She recalled that he'd seemed lost in thought at breakfast time, ignoring his food and instead, playing the piano and writing notes. He then took to his study where he remained for two weeks. When he reappeared, he held two sheets of paper containing his completed theory of relativity.
Albert Einstein Fact 19: During his lifetime, Albert Einstein carefully observed, researched and investigated many matters including force, superconductivity, gravitational waves, wormholes, energy, cosmology, the quantum theory and quantum mechanics which he later felt disappointed with, although he'd helped to create it, he felt that it had been left unfinished. He published over 300 scientific papers during his lifetime.
Albert Einstein Fact 20: Albert Einstein died in Princeton Hospital, New Jersey on April 17, 1955 at the age of 76, following a rupture to an abdominal aortic aneurysm which resulted in internal bleeding. He refused surgery as he didn't believe in prolonging life artificially and he wanted his own to end elegantly. As per his wishes, Albert Einstein was cremated and the location of his ashes remains unknown.
Influence & Legacy: Albert Einstein was a famous scientist who was born in Germany in 1879. He is most famous for his explanation of the theory of relativity which he completed in 1915.