Albert Camus Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1913 - 1960 *** Full Name: Albert Camus *** Occupation: Philosopher, Author and Journalist *** Date of Birth: Albert Camus was born on November 7th 1913 *** Place of Birth: Albert Camus was born in Drean, Elizabeth Taref, Algeria *** Family background: His father was Lucien Camus if French Alsatian ancestry and died of his wounds after the Battle of the Marne during World War I and his mother was a house cleaner who could neither read nor write *** Early life and childhood: He grew up very poor with no material wealth *** Education: Albert Camus attended a lycee and would eventually attend the University of Algiers *** Albert Camus died on January 4, 1960
Albert Camus Fact 1: Albert Camus was born on November 7th 1913 and during the 20th century period in history when there was much change across Europe and the world, the first and second French, Spanish, Chinese and Holy Roman Empires all collapsed and Europe would see two World Wars.
Albert Camus Fact 2: While at University he took part in the University football team but having contracted tuberculosis he had to give up football.
Albert Camus Fact 3: He also had to cut back on his studies and could only attend part time. To earn money he took odd jobs such as car park attendants and private tutoring.
Albert Camus Fact 4: He did however completed his license de philosophie (BA) in the year 1936 and in the May of that year he presented his thesis on Plotinus, Neo-Platonisme et Pensee Chretienne (New-Platonism and Christian Thought), which was for his diplome d’etudes superieures (equivalent to an MA thesis).
Albert Camus Fact 5: While attending University he became a member of the French Communist Party and saw it as a possible route to “fight inequalities between Europeans and ‘natives’ in Algeria” but also wrote “We might see communism as a springboard and asceticism that prepares the ground for more spiritual activities.”.
Albert Camus Fact 6: During 1935 he married Simone Hie but only last a short time as both parties were unfaithful.
Albert Camus Fact 7: In 1940 he married again, this time to Francine Faure a mathematician and pianist and together the couple had twins, a girl Catherine and a boy Jean, but still maintained that marriage was not a normal state for humans and he continued to have affairs.
Albert Camus Fact 8: During 1945 Albert Camus starting working for Paris-Soir magazine and he would consider himself a pacifist during the opening stages of World War II.
Albert Camus Fact 9: Having witnessed the execution of Gabriel Peri the experience strengthened his revolt of the Germans.
Albert Camus Fact 10: When the staff of the magazine moved to Bordeaux he went too and in that year he also finished his first two books, The Myth of Sisyphus and The Stranger.Albert Camus Fact 15: Between March 22nd and 25th 1945 the conference was held of the European Federalist Movement in Paris in the Camus participated as well as George Orwell, Lewis Mumford, Andre Philip, Emmanuel Mounier, Daniel Mayer, Altiero Spinelli and François Bondy.
Albert Camus Fact 11: In 1947 he became the founder of the Revolutionary Union Movement which was a trade union movement to do with syndicalism.
Albert Camus Fact 12: His colleagues included Nicolas Lazarevitch, Louis Mercier, Paul Chavet, Auguste Lergentier, Roger Lapeyre and Jean de Boe. In rejecting the negativity as well as the nihilism of Andre Breton his aim was to bring expression to the positives of surrealism and existentialism.
Albert Camus Fact 13: In 1943 he had begun to write to Altiero Spinelli who was the founder of the European Federalist Movement in Milan.
Albert Camus Fact 14: The following year he founded the “French committee for the European Federation” and stated that Europe “can only evolve along the path of economic progress, democracy and peace if the nation states become a federation.”
Albert Camus Fact 16: After Winston Churchill expressed ideas of a European integration Camus’s branch of the European Federalist Movement disintegrated in 195.
Albert Camus Fact 17: Albert Camus died on January 4, 1960 in a car accident in Villeblevin near Sens in Burgundy France aged forty six years.
Influence & Legacy: Next to Rudyard Kipling, Albert Camus would be the second youngest recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature when he was forty four years old.
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